Terrifying clouds and powerful thunderstorms are becoming the new normal


Note: ‘Terrifying’ is a bit sensational, from my perspective ominous is more realistic. And no, they’re not man-made. The earth is going thru a cyclical transformation influenced by incoming cosmic and solar energy’s, which appear to be leading toward planetary upheaval as the planet rapidly approaches mini-ice age conditions in the next seven years.

I’m currently researching the data and will be shifting direction to get readers up to speed on coming earth changes which are literally on our doorstep, and what we need to do to be prepared for extreme climate change which is leading to crop failures around the world.
I’ve had problems all year getting lettuce and other greens up and growing here in Hawaii, even starter plants are struggling. They’re not getting enough sun in the shade, but any amount of sun, even partial shade causes them to struggle or wilt.
Last year in July I could hardly eat all the salad greens they were so abundant. This year I’ve grown one medium bowl of lettuce, 3 stunted cilantro plants about half their normal size and some kale for my smoothies. My first crop failed completely, seeds either didn’t germinate or wilted within the first couple weeks. Thought it might be the seeds, but my second crop hasn’t been much better. Even starter plants struggle to produce, it’s been very frustrating.
The mango crop across the island is down about 80% this year.
At this point it appears to be something with the sun like high UV readings. Not sure, but will be covering this issue in depth in the days, weeks and months to come. If the feedback I’ve been receiving is correct, we have maybe two years at best to prepare for growing our food indoors under artificial light – because greenhouses won’t protect plants from the sun, or harsh weather.

What’s really disturbing to learn, is gov’t officials have been suprressing this information while pushing the global warming meme which blames climate change on human acitivity with falsified and manipulated data.  Everyone invloved in this potentially genocidal scandal, should be tried for treason and crimes against humanity.

These clouds are an ominous sign of what’s coming.

Blessings and love to all, {~A~}

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And nobody knows if they are linked to human activity or are just weather anomalies.

These terrifying clouds were captured literally swallowing up Kaluga in Russia on July 16, 2017.

I don’t know the name of this monster cloud, but it is totally impressive.

terrifying cloud, terrifying cloud pictures, terrifying cloud video
terrifying cloud engulfs Kaluga in Russia.
terrifying cloud, terrifying cloud pictures, terrifying cloud video
A huge thunderstorm followed in Kaluga
terrifying cloud, terrifying cloud pictures, terrifying cloud video
Power was cut for hundreds of people.

Are those clouds man-made or natural?

http://strangesounds.org/2017/07/terrifying-clouds-are-becoming-the-new-normal-as-powerful-thunderstorms-sweep-across-the-world.html

UV measures from across the US are a regular feature on MrMBBB333

Extreme UV/Sunlight burns wings of a live Cicada! – “Not a good sign”


Note: While we van’t be for certain UV is the culprit, if true this many explain the disappearance of flies and other insects in some regions.

July 16, 2017: Saul, a viewer from Houston Texas made an alarming observation on Friday when he and his wife were sitting out on the patio they saw a Cicada on the ground like they had never seen before.
It is beginning to appear Earth’s environment is getting to harsh for some delicate creatures, when this creature has been a part of this ecosystem for thousands of years, and now its wings are being burned off by sunlight it has been accustomed to for many hundreds of years. This is very telling and yet another very important sign that something is changing and changing very rapidly and we need to act fast and find a solution to this problem, no excuses.

Note”Thank you Saul for that keen observation”.

Rough Thunderstorm sends people airborne – Glass doors unhinged – Transformers blow!


July 14, 2017: Dramatic footage has emerged from southern China of powerful storm winds blowing people to the ground, smashing glass doors and shorting a transformer. The video, which was filmed on July 13 in Chengdu, Sichuan Province shows whipping winds and heavy rain sweeping across the city.
This was no ordinary thunderstorm by any stretch of the imagination…wow.

http://www.euronews.com/2017/07/14/li…

Jupiter’s Red Spot Inside, Fed Meeting BUY Bitcoin & PINK GRASSHOPPERS in Holland (414)


The newest hi-Res images ever taken of Jupiter’s red spot have been released at the Juno Mission site. Incredible beyond that are the images of cloud bands across the atmosphere of the Jovian Giant. Additionally at Janet Yellen’s press conference a guy holds up a sign that says “Buy Bitcoin” hard to beat that is a guy who checked a single can of beer as his luggage to document the journey of such a small object across Australia. Finally a rare pink grasshopper has been found in a Dutch town.


Incredible close-up footage of Boeing 787 leaving huge vapour trail through the sky http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/incredib…
Cosmic Radiation Management (CRM) has Begun to Protect You https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C5BQP…
Skyception
Skyception http://twoicefloes.com/your-turn/cont…
GeoEngineering Conference
GeoEngineering Conference http://envisionation.co.uk/index.php/…
http://www.srms-cambridge.eng.cam.ac.uk/
Cooling the Earth Through Solar Radiation Management: http://www.irgc.org/IMG/pdf/SRM_Opini…
Solar Radiation Management Governance of Initiative SRMGI http://www.srmgi.org/events/

June Snow Removal Western USA & August Skiing 200+ Inch Base


How quickly the main stream media would like you to forget the record snow pack across both the Sierra Nevada and Rocky Mountains for winter 2016/2017 as the IPCC said snow pack would go to zero due to global warming. Roads at passes in California and Colorado were bogged with snow up to June 20th, but the media focuses on a desert area with regular temperatures over 118F. They sure wont mention August skiing or cosmic rays or shifting inter-tropical convergence zones. You are on your own in terms of correct information searching.

Sioux Falls SD – Upward Lightning (6-13-2017)


Several upward lightning strikes off towers in east Sioux Falls SD including dual branches off 2 separate towers.

***NOT FOR BROADCAST***
Contact Brett Adair with Live Storms Media to license.
brett@livestormsnow.com
shot list –
Real time video
Slow motion video
Lightning

Thick Arctic Sea Ice Pack Traps Vessels and Global Warming Expedition (395)


Never seen before amounts of sea ice off Newfoundland recorded by the Canadian Coast Guard trap fishing vessels and stop a global warming expedition of 40 scientists because of hazardous ice conditions.

Thick Arctic ice pack traps multiple vessels https://www.iceagenow.info/thick-arct…
https://www.iceagenow.info/climate-ch…
http://atlantic.ctvnews.ca/thick-arct…
https://www.iceagenow.info/thick-arct…
June 18 Sea Ice Extent https://nsidc.org/arcticseaicenews/
Ice Free Arctic Forecasts that never happened https://stevengoddard.wordpress.com/i…
Climate change researchers cancel expedition because of climate change http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitob…
https://wattsupwiththat.com/2017/06/1…
Climate Change Researchers Forced To Abandon Study Due To Climate Change http://vocm.com/news/climate-change-r…

Bruce Lipton Interview 4 BBS Radio 6/18/17


It’s always a wake up call when I talk with Bruce Lipton. He has this uncanny way of taking what nature does so successfully and overlaying it onto our civilization to show a clear path to our human transformation.

The worlds most remote inhabited volcanic island is stirring! | “da Cunha” ~ MrMBB333



June 18, 2017: The most recent seismogram activity at Tristan da Cunha, the worlds most remote inhabited island, is showing signatures of magma intrusion. This island is comprised of basically one volcano thousands of miles from any mainland. It erupted and was evacuated a little over 50 years ago.

https://earthquake.usgs.gov/static/ea…

http://volcano.oregonstate.edu/most-r…
#MrMBB333

Life on Tristan da Cunha – the World’s Most Remote Inhabited Island

Watch the three-part Britain’s Treasure Islands documentary series on BBC FOUR, starting Tue 12 Apr 2016 21:00. (repeated Wed 13 Apr 2016 20:00).

This mini-documentary follows Stewart McPherson’s journey to Tristan da Cunha, the most remote inhabited island in the world. We meet the Tristanians and an interview with ex-chief islander Harold Green reveals what life is like in Tristan’s only settlement, Edinburgh of the Seven Seas.

http://www.BritainsTreasureIslands.com

DELINGPOLE: Ship of Fools III – Global Warming Study Cancelled Because of ‘Unprecedented’ Ice


A global warming research study in Canada has been cancelled because of “unprecedented” thick summer ice.

Naturally, the scientist in charge has blamed it on ‘climate change.’

According to Vice:

The study, entitled BaySys, is a $17-million four-year-long program headed by the University of Manitoba. It was planning to conduct the third leg of its research by sending 40 scientists from five Canadian universities out into the Bay on the Canadian Research Icebreaker CCGS Amundsen to study “contributions of climate change and regulation on the Hudson Bay system.”

But it had to be cancelled because the scientists’ icebreaker was required by the Canadian Coast Guard for a rather more urgent purpose – rescuing fishing boats and supply ships which had got stuck in the “unprecedented ice conditions”.

“It became clear to me very quickly that these weren’t just heavy ice conditions, these were unprecedented ice conditions,” Dr. David Barber, the lead scientist on the study, told VICE. “We were finding thick multi-year sea ice floes which on level ice were five metres thick… it was much, much thicker and much, much heavier than anything you would expect at that latitude and at that time of year.”

Clearly not one to let a crisis go to waste, Barber seized the opportunity to perform the usual alarmist clown dance for the media, explaining why this incident definitely shows that global warming is a major problem and deserving of our urgent attention.

He told Vice:

“It was clear it was from the Arctic, I just needed to be among the ice to see it,” said Dr. Barber. “What was also clear to me was that climate change has caused this event to happen.”

[Don’t you just love that “I just needed to be among the ice”? I think what he’s trying in his subtle way to tell us is: “Not all superheroes wear capes”]

Warming to his theme, he told Global News:

“This is climate change fully in action – affecting our ability to make use of marine resources and transport things.”

and

“This is a wake-up call for all of us in the country.”

Of course it is. Now Barber has the perfect excuse to share his war stories with all the other global warming experts who have had their research expeditions/publicity stunts stymied by unseasonal bouts of global warming.

There was the Ship of Fools expedition in which an Australian climate researcher called Chris Turkey had to call an expedition to the melting Antarctic after his ship got stuck in the ice.

The Caitlin Expedition – supported by the Prince of Wales – in which Pen Haddow and his team had to abandon their trip to the North Pole because it was colder than they’d expected.

Most recently there was Ship of Fools II, in which a global warming research voyage by David Hempleman Adams had to be curtailed because of unexpected ice.

What on earth can Mother Gaia be trying to tell them?

Possibly the same message she’s trying to send out to the Greenies in California with this unexpected fall of white global warming.

A rare winter-like storm brought more snow to the Sierra Nevada on Monday, giving skiers the opportunity to enjoy the slopes as summer gets underway.

At Squaw Valley, the storm dropped four inches of snow at the upper elevations and two inches at the base, delighting skiers and snowboarders who will be on the slopes past the Fourth of July for a first time in history.

“It’s definitely unique,” Squaw Valley/Alpine Meadows resort spokesman Sam Kieckhefer said. “We are seeing bathing suits and costumes on the slopes. The skiing has definitely been extremely festive.”

Apparently, she didn’t get the famous memo from the Independent a few years back.

Why, if you didn’t know better you’d almost think unseasonal bouts of snow and ice were nothing to do with “global warming” but were a natural phenomenon which had been with us since time immemorial….

 

http://www.breitbart.com/big-government/2017/06/13/delingpole-ship-of-fools-iii-global-warming-study-cancelled-because-of-unprecedented-ice/?utm_source=facebook&utm_medium=social

Widening earth crack spreads to 5 km in Manipur, India


Note: Earth cracks are Pachamama’s stretch-marks, evidence she is expanding 🙂

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Kangpokpi earth crack spreads to 5 Kms

The earth crack at Kalikhola area in Kangpokpi district has already affected a stretch of 5 Km radius approximately with the fissure widening every passing hour while the more than 250 victims sheltered at the temporary relief camp are facing water and power shortage apart from other numerous difficulties.

While the earth fissure at Kalikhola area has widened today one house near the PMGSY road collapsed this morning while more paddy fields and huge trees have caved in and more land have slid down.

Two huge water bodies have been formed near Kalikhola village today while one electric post was also badly damaged.

The origin of the earth fissure is below J Songtun village and it slid down towards Kalikhola village developing larger fissure in the areas and has expanded to a radius of 5 Km approximately now.

The PMGSY road connecting IT road and Kalapahar via Makuli has also slid down about 300 metres from the original site.

All water pipelines have been badly damaged.

All the villagers of Kalikhola have been evacuated but many properties are yet to be removed as the villagers have to bear the expenses of moving their properties.

Interestingly, the funds which have been sought by the district administration for disaster management is reportedly yet to be received till today.

J Songtun village situated above Kalikhola village is in a more dangerous position in case a massive landslide occurs as it can be easily swept away.

Meanwhile, affected victims sheltered at the relief camp are facing various difficulties including shortage of drinking water and electricity.

Subhash Chhetry, secretary of Kalikhola village told media persons that out of 30 households members of 28 households are already sheltered in the relief camp while others are putting up at the places of their relatives and friends.

He also said that apart from many other grievances, they have no water to drink while the power supply is very erratic.

The district administration is minutely monitoring the situation every minute with the Deputy Commissioner stationed at Kangpokpi DHQs considering the situation.

The district administration is likely to clamp 144 CrPC in the the area as preventive measure as many outsiders go to the spot everyday to see the earth fissure which is dangerous as nothing can be predicted and anything can happen anytime.

Source: The Sangai Express

Comment: A science professor claims that the phenomenon is an effect of massive landslide triggered by heavy rainfall in the deforested hill slopes which are laden with thick soil cover.

Some other signs of earth ‘opening up’ in recent times include:

https://www.sott.net/article/353257-Widening-earth-crack-spreads-to-5-km-in-Manipur-India

The Paris Climate Treaty CANNOT Affect Impending Climate Change – It’s Another Corporate SCAM Playing on Our Emotions


Note: The Paris Climate Treaty is another corporate scam, after 30yrs of brainwashing people saying that the world is getting warmer due to humans, now almost everyone beLIEves this lie. The Earth is moving into a cyclical period of climate change being impacted by the sun and space weather, we are heading into global cooling caused by the Maunder Minimum and there is ABSOLUTELY NOTHING that governments and corporations can do to change this FACT.

So instead, they will scare you into taxation so the gov’t can continue to profit from a lie based on false science. I’ve been closely following earth changes for 12yrs and am surprised more people aren’t aware that this campaign for the Paris Climate treaty is another dog and pony show to benefit the ruling class. Unfortunately, there aren’t as many people covering climate change as are people covering useless news storys, fakenews and fear porn. Here’s the truth on CYCLICAL CLIMATE CHANGE

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GLOBAL FREEZING: http://seawapa.org/climate
15-year #miniIceAge of #SolarCycle25 seawapa.org/mia to start from 2021 (http://seawapa.org/timeline) as the sun prepares to ‘HIBERNATE’ 

Raw Drone Footage: Lake Ontario’s rising water leading to multiple landslides east of Toronto


Drone footage was taken in the evening of Jun 03, 2017 from the east side of Scarborough Bluffs, amid historic Lake Ontario water levels.
City officials have cordoned off the cliff edge and shoreline of Scarborough Bluffs after up to 15 landslides occurred since the start of April, due to excess rainfall and Lake Ontario’s rising water levels. (Toronto and Region Conservation Authority).
https://twitter.com/TRCA_News/status/…
https://www.glerl.noaa.gov/data/wleve…
https://www.thestar.com/news/gta/2017…

Taiwan photographer captures rare purple lightning  


© Luis Lai (賴仲由)
Late rock star Prince was famous for his song “Purple Rain,” but did you ever see purple lightning?

Taiwanese nature photographer Luis Lai (賴仲由) did, and he captured it on his smartphone.

Friday night, as extreme torrential rains were battering large parts of Taiwan, Lai went to the top floor of his home in the Changhua County village of Dacun (大村), reports said.

He only wanted to check whether all the doors and windows were ready to withstand the rain, but in addition, he saw bolts of lightning and hurried to record six seconds on his smartphone as it struck behind a red-roofed building in his neighborhood.

Weather experts said that purple lightning usually only occurs at high altitudes, and is rarely seen so close to the ground. At the origin could be differences in temperature and substances in the air, they said.

In this case, the bolt of lightning could have originated high in the clouds but extended its reach and its original color down to the ground, experts said.

Signs and Portents: Cow born with a human-like head in Uttar Pradesh, India  


Workers at an Indian animal shelter believe this deformed newborn calf is possibly a God

A shocking video has emerged showing a cow born with human-like features in an animal shelter in India.

The calf was born with the eyes, nose and ears that resemble that of a human, while the lower part of its body had features of a cow.

However, the cow died within an hour of its birth yesterday, in Muzaffarnagar, Uttar Pradesh, northern India.

But as soon as the news spread, locals from nearby villages gathered to seek its blessing, believing it to be an avatar of Lord Vishnu, a Hindu God.

The video shows people offering flower garlands and bowing before the dead calf, which has been kept inside a glass box since it died.

Locals believe the calf is the ‘Gokaran’ – 24 incarnations of Lord Vishnu and plans are now afoot to build a temple for him.

Mahesh Kathuria, 50, a local businessman who came to see the calf, said: ‘God has taken birth from the body of a local cow. We came here to seek his blessings. Religiously, it is an avatar of Vishnu. We believe it’s a similar character mentioned in Bhagavata Puran, a Hindu religious text.’

Raja Bhaiya Mishra, 55, the manager of the cow shelter, said: ‘It’s a miracle that the calf was born in this shelter. Thousands of people have been here to see it. We will be cremating him in three days and a temple will be built for him. This avatar has most definitely created a devotion feeling amongst the people.’

He added that the mother was rescued from a butcher and was brought to the shelter six months ago before she fell pregnant.

However, animal health experts have a different view on its birth and rubbishes any superstitions surrounding it.

Dr Ajay Deshmukh, senior veterinary doctor, at Wildlife SOS, in India, said: ‘This is a case of an anatomical anomaly. If a gene didn’t develop properly or there was a fault, it causes multiple structural deformities, and such anomalies happen. It has got only scientific reasons and explanations, there’s no superstitions here.’

Increased UVB Effecting Insect Sight, Pollinators Disappearing Globally (382)


As the Sun begins it’s 400 year cycle of lowered activity, a change in UV out would also be expected with this energy output reduction. It seem that an increase in UV-B is now affecting bees, ants and flies globally altering their daylight activities such as feeding and reproduction. The UV spectrum is becoming so intense that insects that are active during the day are seeking shelter for the intense shift in their visual spectrum. Since they don’t see in Infrared they cannot forage at night and are starving because they cannot access a food source. This is not a good sign as we need these insects to pollinate our crops. Without these pollinators crop yield will decrease along with losses due to out so season weather. This is unexpected side effect of the new mini ice age. reduction in pollinators.

Don’t get caught un-prepared stock up on survival food today!
http://foodforliberty.com/adapt2030

Make Money Now Off Weather Predictions Here –
https://tradegenius.co/go/ref/23

Rid Your Body of Unwanted Toxins Now!
https://www.getthetea.com

Support ADAPT 2030 on PATREON http://www.patreon.com/adapt2030

ADAPT 2030 Mini Ice Age FB Page https://www.facebook.com/Miniiceage

Content Provided by David DuByne http://www.oilseedcrops.org

You can also find this Mini Ice Age Conversations podcast on iTunes / Stitcher Radio / Soundcloud

Podcast Lee Wheelbarger http://www.stitcher.com/podcast/adapt
Bees see differently http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetec…
Insect Color Vision http://indianapublicmedia.org/amoment…
6 Animals That Can See or Glow in Ultraviolet Light https://www.theatlantic.com/technolog…
Bees See Ultraviolet light http://www.timmytelescope.com/outreac…
A-region ultraviolet light attracts insects http://iguflytrap.co.nz/uvlight.html
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultravi…
http://light-measurement.com/waveleng…
http://blog.wildaboutants.com/2010/04…
How to Kill Insects with Visible Light http://www.realclearscience.com/journ…
Attraction of insects to light sources at night https://link.springer.com/article/10….
http://www.pestproducts.com/uv_light.htm
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blacklight
Colored Ultraviolet Fluorescent Lamps http://donklipstein.com/f-spec.html
http://depts.washington.edu/uwcei/wor…
Lethal effects of short-wavelength visible light on insects https://www.nature.com/articles/srep0…
file:///C:/Users/user/Downloads/Color%20vision%20in%20the%20ant%20Myrmica%20sabuteli%20(2).pdf
Repel insects with LED http://luxreview.com/article/2015/07/…
Insect reactions to light and its applications to pest management https://link.springer.com/article/10….
http://history.aip.org/climate/solar.htm
Temporal Trends in Satellite-Derived Erythemal UVB and Implications for Ambient Sun Exposure Assessment file:///C:/Users/user/Downloads/ijerph-14-00176-v2.pdf
NASA Net Radiation https://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/Glo…

http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/a-… http://www.geoengineeringwatch.org/wp…
Sunburned Whales http://www.nbcnews.com/id/40108686/ns…
Sunburned dolphin http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-h…

Birkeland Currents Glowing in Earth’s Skies as the Atmosphere Electrifies Further (379)


Just one month after “Steve” a new type of plasma streamer in glow mode due to strong electrification in Earth’s atmosphere in April 2017, that never before observed phenomenon is back again, but this time the intensity is so strong that the field aligned currents are visible twisting in the skies. Follow that with ground to sky lightning and sprites, blue ionospheric lightning all while we still have a 6x increase in intensity ramp up into the grand solar minimum.

Don’t get caught un-prepared stock up on survival food today!
http://foodforliberty.com/adapt2030

Make Money Now Off Weather Predictions Here –
https://tradegenius.co/go/ref/23

Rid Your Body of Unwanted Toxins Now!
https://www.getthetea.com

Support ADAPT 2030 on PATREON http://www.patreon.com/adapt2030

ADAPT 2030 Mini Ice Age FB Page https://www.facebook.com/Miniiceage

Content Provided by David DuByne http://www.oilseedcrops.org

You can also find this Mini Ice Age Conversations podcast on iTunes / Stitcher Radio / Soundcloud

Podcast Lee Wheelbarger http://www.stitcher.com/podcast/adapt

Sky to ground Lightning https://www.sott.net/article/351557-G…
Max Olson https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FqnQX…
https://www.sott.net/category/4-Earth…
A violent thunderstorm ripped through the Acadian Peninsula, northeastern corner of New Brunswick, Canada on Thursday night, May 18, 2017, https://watchers.news/2017/05/19/majo…
http://www.goes.noaa.gov/goes-w.html
http://www.goes.noaa.gov/goes-w/goes-…
http://spaceweather.com/images2017/22…
http://spaceweather.com/ May 23rd
http://news.spaceweather.com/steve/
http://spaceweathergallery.com/index….
http://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_…
http://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_…
http://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_…
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Obs…
https://watchers.news/category/atmosp…
Ground to sky lightning
Rare ‘sprites’ photographed beside Southern Lights http://www.bbc.com/news/world-austral…
An astronaut has recorded a ‘first of its kind’ video of mysterious blue jets of electricity http://www.businessinsider.com/blue-j…
Ville’s research http://www.villesresearch.com/ether.html
http://www.thelivingmoon.com/44cosmic…

Arctic stronghold of world’s seeds flooded after permafrost melts


No seeds were lost but the ability of the rock vault to provide failsafe protection against all disasters is now threatened by climate change

The Svalbard ‘doomsday’ seed vault was built to protect millions of food crops from climate change, wars and natural disasters
The Svalbard ‘doomsday’ seed vault was built to protect millions of food crops from climate change, wars and natural disasters. Photograph: John Mcconnico/AP

It was designed as an impregnable deep-freeze to protect the world’s most precious seeds from any global disaster and ensure humanity’s food supply forever. But the Global Seed Vault, buried in a mountain deep inside the Arctic circle, has been breached after global warming produced extraordinary temperatures over the winter, sending meltwater gushing into the entrance tunnel.

The vault is on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen and contains almost a million packets of seeds, each a variety of an important food crop. When it was opened in 2008, the deep permafrost through which the vault was sunk was expected to provide “failsafe” protection against “the challenge of natural or man-made disasters”.

But soaring temperatures in the Arctic at the end of the world’s hottest ever recorded year led to melting and heavy rain, when light snow should have been falling. “It was not in our plans to think that the permafrost would not be there and that it would experience extreme weather like that,” said Hege Njaa Aschim, from the Norwegian government, which owns the vault.

“A lot of water went into the start of the tunnel and then it froze to ice, so it was like a glacier when you went in,” she told the Guardian. Fortunately, the meltwater did not reach the vault itself, the ice has been hacked out, and the precious seeds remain safe for now at the required storage temperature of -18C.

But the breach has questioned the ability of the vault to survive as a lifeline for humanity if catastrophe strikes. “It was supposed to [operate] without the help of humans, but now we are watching the seed vault 24 hours a day,” Aschim said. “We must see what we can do to minimise all the risks and make sure the seed bank can take care of itself.”

Plastic boxes containing plant seeds inside the international Svalbard Global Seed Vault on Spitsbergen, Norway.
Pinterest
Plastic boxes containing plant seeds inside the international Svalbard Global Seed Vault on Spitsbergen, Norway. Photograph: Jens Buttner/dpa/Alamy

The vault’s managers are now waiting to see if the extreme heat of this winter was a one-off or will be repeated or even exceeded as climate change heats the planet. The end of 2016 saw average temperatures over 7C above normal on Spitsbergen, pushing the permafrost above melting point.

“The question is whether this is just happening now, or will it escalate?” said Aschim. The Svalbard archipelago, of which Spitsbergen is part, has warmed rapidly in recent decades, according to Ketil Isaksen, from Norway’s Meteorological Institute.

“The Arctic and especially Svalbard warms up faster than the rest of the world. The climate is changing dramatically and we are all amazed at how quickly it is going,” Isaksen told Norwegian newspaper Dagbladet.

The vault managers are now taking precautions, including major work to waterproof the 100m-long tunnel into the mountain and digging trenches into the mountainside to channel meltwater and rain away. They have also removed electrical equipment from the tunnel that produced some heat and installed pumps in the vault itself in case of a future flood.

Aschim said there was no option but to find solutions to ensure the enduring safety of the vault: “We have to find solutions. It is a big responsibility and we take it very seriously. We are doing this for the world.”

“This is supposed to last for eternity,” said Åsmund Asdal at the Nordic Genetic Resource Centre, which operates the seed vault.

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/may/19/arctic-stronghold-of-worlds-seeds-flooded-after-permafrost-melts?CMP=share_btn_tw#img-1

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