TORONTO – There is a mystery afoot at the “end of the world.”
In September 2013, residents living in the Yamal Penninsula, a remote region in Siberia with the desolate moniker, found a crater that was 30 metres wide and 70 metres deep. In July 2014, two more were found. And now, Russian sources are reporting that dozens more have been found.
According to a Moscow scientist who spoke with The Siberian Times, the discovery of so many more holes is a cause for concern and should be investigated urgently.
Some scientists have theorized that the holes are formed due to a release of gas hydrates. The cause, they believe, is due to two conditions: unusually warm weather heating the surface and heat along geological fault lines that build up.
Some houses in the village of Gazost were left in a precarious position after the mudslide. Photo: Laurent Dard/AFP
Published: 02 Mar 2015
For the 20 or so residents of the tiny village Gazost in the Haute-Pyrénées, the only way in or out at the weekend was by helicopter.
On Friday afternoon a barn and around 150 metres of the D7 road were wiped out in a landslide after heavy rain and snow in the region.
Luckily no one was killed, but several properties were left in a precarious position.
Two sick people had to be taken to safety by helicopter, said the local mayor Pierre Dare.
(The D7 road leading to Gazost. Photo: Laurent Dard/AFP)
The Pyrenees have been hit by heavy snow in recent weeks, which has seen avalanche alerts in place higher in the mountains and flood warnings in the lower hills.
(The hamlet of Gazost,which was cut off by a huge mudslide. Photo: Laurent Dard/AFP)
More daunting earth changes expected to hit France coastline this month…
Published: 19 Feb 2015 13:07 GMT+01:00
The French coast is braced for the slightly misleadingly named “tide of the century”. Photo: Franck Perry/AFP
It might sound like something out of a Hollywood disaster movie, but French authorities are taking next month’s “tide of the century” pretty seriously, partly due to recent and dramatic erosion of parts of its coastline.
The high tide is due to strike on March 21st and will see particularly high sea levels in certain areas along the French coast.
At the famous island of Mont Saint-Michel in Normandy (see photo below), which has one of the most marked differences in the levels of low and high tides, waters will rise by about 14.50 metres, compared to low tide – that’s the equivalent of a four story building.
The hazards caused by the high tide were made clear on Friday live on French television when BFM TV’s weather girl Fanny Agostini was taken out by a wave (see video).
It’s a phenomenon that could cause coastal flooding and has put local authorities on alert.
“Of course I’m worried, even if the weather forecast is reassuring and we have put in place an emergency plan,” said Alain Bachelier, mayor of Saint-Jean-le-Thomas, in western Normandy where around 140 houses are threatened if the sea breaks the natural barrier of the sand dunes.
Communes up and down the coast have been stocking up on sand bags and on the Island of Oléron, in Charente Maritime, they have brought in a 700 metre-long infatable barrier.
France’s marine and oceanic service “Shom” has called for vigilance ahead of the high tides. It has warned coastal walkers, fishermen and swimmers “to not adventure too far”, because the “sea will rise quicker than a man can run”.
France will get a taste of how high the seas will be this weekend when another high tide is expected.
The tide coefficients, which help forecast the height of the tide, will be 118 out of a possible maximum of 120 this weekend. When the “tide of the century” hits in March, the coefficients will be 119 out of 120.
The risk of sea flooding this weekend is heightened by a low pressure weather system expected to move in from across the Atlantic, which is often accompanied by a rise in water levels.
The “tide of the century” is a slightly misleading title, given that it occurs every 18 years, the last one being in March 1997. As well as the bay of Mont st-Michel, the Atlantic coast in the Aquitaine region will be see the highest tides.
Throughout 2015 there will be around 40 high tides of where the co-efficiencies are rated above 100 and 20 where they are calculated at over 110. By all accounts those figures are considered exceptional.
Authorities in France have grown increasingly concerned about coastal flooding. In February last year swathes of pristine coastline were washed away in storms on the Atlantic coast.
The erosion of a coastline normally takes place over decades and centuries. But in western France it happened a lot quicker last winter, with storms taking 10 metres of land off parts of the Atlantic coast, a study revealed.
The Aquitaine Coast Observatory said that its picturesque, beach lined coast had been eroded by at least 10 metres, because of all the recent storms and tidal waves.
In January Le Signal residence was evacuated when it looked as though it was going to fall into the sea.
Around 45 years ago, Le Signal was away from the sea by 200 meters. Now, the distance is 16,50m. The tweet below shows the erosion over recent years.
Be sure to watch to the end…
Submitted by Andre, mahalo!
Note: Sending “warm, loving thoughts and prayers” from Kauai to everyone hunkering down in frigid temperatures, and buried in snow. Much love and Aloha!
Amazing footage of Niagara Falls partially frozen as a result of freezing temperatures in northern US and Canada this week.
The video, captured at Horseshoe Falls, Ontario on Sunday evening Feb 15, 2015; shows a large section of the iconic waterfall covered in thick ice and snow.
Also chunks of ice seen floating around in the Canadian side of the falls.
February 12, 2015 … The largest eruption can be seen in this video at about 8min. The eruption covers the entire mountain with lava within 20 seconds or less.
Major Pacific seismic movement is underway.. as evidenced by the other volcanic eruptions occurring around the Pacific at the moment, such as Colima + Popo volcanoes in Mexico giving off multiple blasts, and Fuego volcano in Guatemala showing serious movement. Add in the borderline 7.0M earthquake which just struck Chile / Argentina, and the dormant volcanoes showing movement in the United States.
Now (Feb 12) a series of large blasts of lava has occurred at Sakurajima Volcano in South Japan (yet again).
Compared to any of the previous blasts of lava, this newest round is much larger. See the previous blast from February 7th here:
The previous large eruption began with a multiple day steaming event, immediately followed by a large blast of lava on January 25th 2015 (seen here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CEMPS… ).
This ongoing active eruption began in earnest after the blast(s), producing an over 3 hour eruption on January 28th 2015 (seen the timelapse of the previous large eruption here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wmMbx…
The previous eruptions ash cloud extended multiple kilometers in the atmosphere, and also spread multiple KM down wind from the eruption location.
The previous eruption ash cloud actually reached the West Coast of the United States, hitting Oregon and Washington state with a thin layer of ash mixed with the rain.
The ash laden rainfall on the West coast made national news..
EVERYONE still guessing where the ash came from.. now they’re saying Shivulech Volcano in Russia…
See the eruption (and record it) live here:
地震火山噴火溶岩日本 (as seen on http://webcams.volcanodiscovery.com )
Sakurajima volcano has been active in the past (2011 especially), and has since calmed down over the past year, now picking back up pace with multiple eruptions occurring recently.
#japan #volcano #eruption #lava
Here’s a video that you absolutely must see.
Not, I hasten to warn you, because it’s exciting, well-produced or informative; rather, because of the fascinating light it sheds on the debate about global warming in general and also, in particular, on the ongoing controversy about whether organisations like NASA and NOAA are playing fast and loose with the world’s temperature data sets.
According to the video’s creator and star, Dr Kevin Cowtan, the latter suggestion is a nonsense. Using charts of South American and global temperatures, he painstakingly refutes suggestions by Christopher Booker and also (though tragically I don’t get a mention) by me that there is anything suspect, let alone corrupt or fraudulent, in the adjustments that NASA and NOAA have been making to the raw temperature data from weather stations around the world.
If you stumbled on it by accident on YouTube I think you’d be quite persuaded. Cowtan’s tone is soft and reasonable; the science, as he presents it, seems to stack up: a) there are perfectly valid reasons for these adjustments, to do with homogenising the raw data when it looks out of kilter with neighbouring but possibly more accurate weather stations, and with the changing nature of measuring equipment and b) the adjustments are, in any case, minor – altering the raw data by no more than 3 per cent.
When you Google “Dr Kevin Cowtan” he appears reassuringly neutral in this affair. He works in the Department of Chemistry at the University of York, his current speciality being X-ray crystallography. A proper scientist, then, with no dog in this fight. Or so it looks until you scroll down a bit and see that his other area of research is “climate science.”
My climate science research focuses primarily on problems which are relevant to the public understanding of climate science. With my colleague Robert Way I have been investigating biases in historical temperature record from weather stations. Our primary work concerns temperature change over the past two decades. The main temperature record providers show a slowdown in the rate of warming over this period, however when biases in the temperature record are taken into account, we find that part of the slowdown disappears.
I am also involved in climate science communication, and am contributing to a massive online course run by the University of Queensland. I can offer undergraduate projects in this area for students who are interested to develop science communication skills.
So, not a neutral party after all then, but someone who depends for part of his livelihood on the lavish funding available in academe for those who promote the climate “consensus.” Perhaps, in the interests of full disclosure, he might have mentioned this detail on his YouTube biography. But I mean that only as a very mild and largely inconsequential criticism. What matters is not what Cowtan does for a living (“the motive fallacy”) but whether or not he has got his facts right.
Burton’s key point is this: where Cowtan claims that all NOAA’s adjustments have done is increased warming by a modest 3 per cent, in actuality they have increased it by 35 per cent. So, far from Cowtan’s assessment that these adjustments are “inconsequentially tiny”, they are in fact quite massively distorting.
Might it be that they reached such wildly different conclusions by using different data? Er, no. Burton reached his conclusions by creating a spreadsheet with decadal data digitized from the exact graph used in Cowtan’s video.
Now I appreciate that in the context of the broader climate debate this might seem a trivial dispute. But I’ve been at this game long enough to be able to assure you that these faux rebuttals like the one offered by Cowtan are absolutely integral to the ongoing survival of the alarmist ‘consensus.’
As far as the warmist propaganda machine is concerned it really doesn’t matter two hoots whether or not Cowtan has got his facts right. What matters is that whenever the inconvenient subject of doctored temperature data crops up again, the alarmists have their ready-made get out. From a proper actual scientist. So he must know – right?
You can be sure that, if it hasn’t already, Cowtan’s dodgy rebuttal video will soon be linked to by the usual warmist sockpuppeteers in the comment threads below every relevant article. What none of them will mention, of course, is the Burton counter-rebuttal to the Cowtan rebuttal. Integrity has never been these people’s strong point. It’s winning the propaganda war that counts.
Meanwhile, in the real world, the case for a fraud trial against the climate data record gatekeepers seems to be getting stronger and stronger.
Paul Homewood, the blogger who noticed the discrepancies with the Paraguay temperature records, has now turned his attention to the Arctic region. His conclusion after studying the charts before and after is that the scale and geographic range of these adjustments is “breathtaking.”
In nearly every Arctic station from Greenland in the West to Siberia in the East, the data has been adjusted to make the warm period in the 1930s look cooler than it actually was. This, of course, has the effect of making the Twentieth Century warming look much more dramatic than the raw data would suggest.
Will this scandalous apparent evidence-tampering ever get much coverage in the mainstream media? It certainly ought to. Think about it: if Homewood (and Anthony Watts and Steven Goddard, et al) are correct, then what it essentially means is that the entire global warming scare has been sold to us on a false prospectus.
But it won’t, of course, because the mainstream media – in large part, at least – remains wedded to the Man Made Global Warming orthodoxy and therefore only really likes to run stories that prove how totally wrong, evil, and swivel-eyed climate change deniers are.
For example, this story in Nature, which sought to explain away one of the most embarrassing problems the warmist camp has been suffering of late: the abject failure of their fancy computer models to have predicted the planet’s failure to warm since 1998.
According to the lead author of this widely reported study, one Jochem Marotzke of the Max Planck Institute, it dealt a fatal blow to the sceptics’ case that the warmists’ computer models were a waste of space.
Unfortunately for Marotzke, his case has now, in turn, been demolished in this article by Nic Lewis.
Professor Gordon Hughes, one of the statisticians who reviewed and confirmed Lewis’s findings has commented thus:
“The statistical methods used in the [Marotzke] paper are so bad as to merit use in a class on how not to do applied statistics. All this paper demonstrates is that climate scientists should take some basic courses in statistics and Nature should get some competent referees.”
But here’s a prediction. The rebuttal won’t receive nearly the coverage that Marotzke’s original inept paper did.
Submitted by Andre, mahalo!
Published time: February 09, 2015 10:46
Edited time: February 09, 2015 14:16
Edited time: February 09, 2015 14:16
A new investigation exposes HSBC’s Swiss private banking arm of helping royalty, criminals, terrorists, drug dealers, and even music stars such as Tina Turner and David Bowie to conceal their identities to dodge taxes.
The Washington-based International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ), which obtained the documents from French paper Le Monde, found over 100,000 account holders in 200 countries listed in the data leak.
The documents shed light on the bank’s practice of courting rich depositors in exchange for protection from taxes from 2005 until 2007. During this period, the private banking armed controlled $100 billion in assets, according to Bloomberg.
HSBC reportedly reassured client that its bank was a safe haven for secrets, and that it would not disclosure details of accounts to national authorities or taxmen. Files also reveal that several clients were allowed to quietly transfer bricks of cash in foreign currencies.
A recorded example in the files is the case of Richard Caring, British retail tycoon and restaurateur, who walked out of the bank with 5 million Swiss francs in a suitcase.
This is the cancer that is destroying our society. The rich dodge tax with impunity while the poor are hounded for every last penny. #HSBC
Seven hundred and forty Russian clients are on the list with combined assets of $1.7 billion, according to Vedomosti. Sanctioned businessman Gennady Timchenko, the former president of Russia’s state-owned Rosneft Sergey Bogdanchikov and the children of Boris Yeltsin’s Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin are among them. Several civil servants appear on the list, despite Russia’s 2008 law that forces officials to declare foreign bank accounts and property.
The leak began in 2008 when Herve Falciani, a former HSBC computer technician turned whistleblower, left the company with troves of confidential information which he then turned over to the then French Finance Minister Christine Lagarde.
So, #HSBC has colluded in tax avoidance? ‘Surprising.’ Let’s remember that when they inevitably screw up and need another taxpayer bailout.
“We acknowledge that the compliance culture and standards of due diligence in HSBC’s Swiss private bank, as well as the industry in general, were significantly lower than they are today,” the bank told ICIJ. HSBC said that since 2007, it has gone through a “radical transformation.”
HSBC is just one of more than a dozen Swiss banks under fire for nontransparent banking and aiding tax evasion.
The European Commission, along with the G20, has made it a goal to get rid of secret banking regimes, and in October signed an agreement to end tax evasion and money laundering.
There has been mounting pressure on several European banks that provide cover for illicit money. Switzerland’s largest bank UBS admitted to helping 52,000 American clients evade taxes in 2009, and paid a $780 million fine to the US Justice Department.
In February 2014, Credit Suisse was accused by the US Senate of holding more than 12 billion Swiss francs for more than 22,000 American clients.
More than $2 trillion in assets is held in more than 300 private Swiss banks.
The United Dead Zone Of North America: A very disturbing situation is unfolding on the western coast of Mexico, US and Canada
The First Mag 6+ Quake Of February 2015 http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/t…
Flood hits dams in Macedonia’s capital: A whole town has been evacuated http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/f…
One of the biggest ever! Chicago hit by one of its heaviest snowstorms ever http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/o…
Pyrenees homes without power as more than a meter of snow falls on resorts http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/p…
Avian cholera: Unfolding event kills thousands of birds in Nevada, some birds die within 6 hours of contamination http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/a…
Thousands of dead starfish wash up on Welsh beach http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/t…
Boston: Record for the snowiest seven-day period in the city’s history at least 10 deaths http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/b…
Twelve dead as plane crashes into Taiwan river http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/t…
Mount Etna: Europe’s highest volcano still dangerously spewing ash and lava into the sky. http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/m…
A killer disease which is capable of killing more than 5% of humans is dangerously on the rise in recent months! http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/a…
Albanian declares a state of emergency after the worst floods the country has ever seen! http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/a…
Avian Flu: Nearly two and a half million birds culled in Taiwan and the virus is still spreading! http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/a…
Spectacular volcanic eruptions in Mexico http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/s…
Europe and US breaking all snow and cold records this winter http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/e…
80 centimeters of snow in Croatia as Zagreb residents without power http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/8…
Village which can’t stop falling asleep poisoned by Soviet-era uranium mines http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/v…
Meteor’ caught on Devon beach camera http://www.thebigwobble.org/2015/02/m…
Official figures reveal that the death rate related to cold snaps in England and Wales is over 30% higher than normal for this time of year.
According to the Office for National Statistics (ONS) some 28,800 people died in the fortnight ending January 23.
ONS said the flu virus and the cold snap are the main reasons behind the recent spike in winter deaths.
More than 25,000 people aged over 65 lost their lives due to the cold snap. 11,102 men and 14,129 women lost their lives in the fortnight to 23 January. The death toll among the elderly was 18,154 in the same period last year.
Medical experts blame the flu- the H3N2 sub-type in particular – for most of the winter deaths.
“The main type of flu that has been circulating this winter so far (influenza A/H3N2) is well recognized to particularly impact groups, such as the elderly and those with underlying chronic health problems, resulting in increases in hospitalizations and deaths. That is why we recommend these groups receive flu vaccine each year, ideally before the flu season starts,” the Guardian quoted Dr Richard Pebody, PHE’s head of seasonal flu surveillance, as saying.
Fuel poverty scandal
Meanwhile, the Daily Telegraph reported that the winter death tall is expected to exceed 40,000, the highest figure for the past 15 years.
Fuel poverty, particularly among the pensioners, is believed to be a contributing factor. Nearly one million senior citizens are estimated to be living in fuel poverty across the UK.
Campaigners believe that many of the deaths can be prevented if the government improves the energy efficiency of homes across the country.
Ed. Note: Sounds like this weather related event is being underplayed, 29,000 deaths is A LOT of people dying in one night.
I survive winters by abiding by these three simple rules: enjoy the white snow, drive carefully in the grey snow and don’t eat the yellow snow. I don’t know what to do if orange snow falls and neither did the residents of the Russian city of Saratov when it was blanketed this week with a deep covering of orange flakes.
Saratov is a major port (population over 800,000) on the Volga River, 858 km (533 miles) from Moscow, and has a moderate (for Russia) climate with an annual snowfall of about 163 centimeters (64 inches) which, until now, has never been orange.
The orange snow was widespread and of various shades of orange along with patches of yellow and brown. Saratov’s residents were rightly skeptical to avoid eating snowflakes or jumping in the juice-colored banks until finding out what caused it. The most likely reason, according to Saratov weather forecast service director Mikhail Boltukhin, was a cyclone that blew colored sand from Africa’s Sahara desert into Siberian snow clouds.
The air coming from the West contains tiny particles of sand, which give the falling snow an orange hue. Similar phenomena have been observed recently in various districts of the region and in other parts of the country, particularly in Crimea.
Well, the second part is true. In 2007, an orange snow covered over 1500 sq km (570 sq miles) in the Omsk region of Russia. That stuff was oily and smelled rotten and was blamed on the area’s oil industry, although it also contained four times the normal level of iron ore.
Colored snow can have other causes. Red-and-pink watermelon snow is common in alpine regions and gets its colors and telltale smell of watermelon from an algae (Chlamydomonas nivalis). So-called blood snow falls near Blood Falls in Antarctica’s Taylor Glacier for a different reason. Iron-rich saltwater leaking from an ancient reservoir under the glacier oxidizes when it hits the air and turns the waterfall and snow blood red.
Saharan sand, algae, oxidation … or something else. What do you think was the real cause of Saratov’s orange snow?
January 23, 2015: An explosive nighttime eruption of Sakurajima Volcano in Japan was captured by the webcams monitoring this active region of South Japan. 地震火山噴火溶岩日本 (as seen on http://webcams.volcanodiscovery.com )
Sakurajima volcano has been active in the past (2011 especially), and has since calmed down over the past year.
Recently, a few larger eruptions of ash have occurred, as well as a few minor lavic eruptions, however today’s most recent eruption really lets us know that the Pacific activity is increasing.
The 7.0 magnitude earthquake which occurred in the West Pacific yesterday (january 23 2015), as well as the dozens of 5.0M+ earthquakes which occurred from Japan, South to New Guniea proves the West Pacific is in a state of flux.
In 2011, before the Japan 9.0M “mega-quake”, there were a series of new eruptions which occurred around the Pacific, as well as multiple impressive eruptions of Sakurajima.
In my most recent earthquake forecast, specifically named out the area around Japan to watch for increased volcanic eruption activity (in the near term) due to this new earthquake unrest showing across the entire region.
See the most recent international earthquake forecast here (Jan 22 2015):
and here (Jan 19 2015):
See the most recent earthquake forecast followup results (Jan 23 2015):
See the most recent United States earthquake forecast results here:
Since the entire region is being displaced by seismic activity, it is logical to assume that the seismic unrest happening anywhere from 350 miles depth (asthenosphere) to near surface levels, will also displace the magma chambers of sever volcanoes across the Pacific whose magma chambers reside in the area between the surface and 350 miles deep.
The area 350 miles down is showing movement, therefore everything above the area, and the adjacent areas on either flank of the deep movement will be moved as well.
Move a magma chamber, and you get an eruption.
I’d expect much more to happen in the near term , not only in Japan, but several areas around the Pacific MUST compensate either volcanically, or via larger earthquakes.
Sorry for the lack of posts over the last few days, but over the last week Kauai’s been hit hard with volcanic “vog” brought here by the tradewinds, many local residents have been hit hard with respiratory problems – including “yours truly”.
Now, after taking a look below at all the volcanic activity on the Big Isand, it’s no wonder we’re suffering.
Thankfully, I’m starting to feel better today :)
Why would officials downplay, and deliberately ignore an obvious large outbreak of lava flowing from Pu’u O’o in Hawaii?
#punalavaflow #puna #kilauea #volcano #eruption #pahoa #hawaii #usgs
See the outbreak for yourself, then listen to the civil defense update… and THEN read the USGS post made today basically saying all is quiet on the outbreak front (which is true), then they skip over the obvious huge new flow captured on helicopter flyover.
Here is the most recent flyover as of January 19-20 2015:
Here is another version from today, January 21 2015 with their own music added and multiple distant views showing the new large flow:
Here is a close up HD view of the new up slope flow from January 18th 2015:
Now that you’ve seen the actual activity evidence yourself (in the above recent videos), be sure to listen to the civil defense update issued the same day as this flyover was done!
Civil defense saying everything is stalled, with no new developments in the flow!
Do they not have access to the helicopter views? How could they NOT know? How could the USGS leave the new flow up slope out of their most recent update?
Below is the USGS update issued today (January 21 2015) , after I put out the flyover video, the USGS responded with this post saying everything is calm on the flow front.
Technically this is true, the flow front has stalled. However, the truth is that 1.5 – 2 miles up slope, a new outbreak has occurred that is fairly large (as seen in the above videos and screenshots).
USGS being deliberately oblivious. Civil Defense not giving the public information that is clearly available to them.
“January 21, 2015 — Kīlauea
Sluggish activity at leading tip of the flow
The leading tip of the most distal active portion of the June 27th lava flow remains active, but consists of small, sluggish breakouts that have not advanced a significant distance during the past two days. The leading tip of the flow remains approximately 600 meters (0.4 miles) from Highway 130.
Worldwide volcano activity ..
Credit: Armand Vervaeck and Janine Krippner
Puna Lava Flow heading towards Highway, Civil Defense Eruption Update – January 18, 2015
A rare ‘ice halo’ was seen above New Mexico has as the arctic blast continued to make its way across the country, causing temperatures to plummet below freezing in dozens of cities.
The optical phenomenon was captured by Texan photographer Joshua Thomas above the town of Red River – which has experienced sub-zero temperatures throughout the last few days.
The variety of rings and arcs in the sky are formed by light interacting with ice crystals suspended in the atmosphere during the cold weather.
It comes as weather forecasters predict the cold snap will continue into next week and could even reach parts of southern Texas.
A spate of mysterious booms that has been shaking central Oklahoma returned for a second day Friday, again rattling houses and frightening livestock.
Oklahoma Geological Survey research seismologist Austin Holland said a series of booms, much like a sonic boom, rattled the Norman area starting at 11:19 a.m. Friday. Numerous others had been reported Thursday in the same area at about the same time.
Friday’s booms weren’t “quite as frequent” as Thursday’s, Holland said. “It’s quite interesting.”
The windows of Anthony Young’s home in the town that’s the outskirts of Oklahoma City rattled. “We thought some nut was out here, you know, with explosives,” Young told KOCO-TV. “It sounded like thunder, you could feel the ground shake, but it was nothing like an earthquake”
Both Holland and National Weather Service meteorologist Matthew Day didn’t have an explanation for the booms.
No earthquakes have been recorded in the area, Holland said, noting that “we would have seen them on our seismic stations in the area.” And it’s unlikely that it’s due to a drilling process known as fracking, he said, because the booms were heard and felt over a wide area including Norman, Edmond and Shawnee.
Holland’s best guess: It must have been something just above the surface of the earth or in the atmosphere.
Day, who’s based in Norman, said a phenomenon known as cryoseisms also isn’t likely. Cryoseisms, or “frost quakes,” occur when water quickly freezes in soil or rock, then expands and cracks.
“There are some stories going around that’s what it was, but based on the research we’ve done here, it doesn’t appear what people heard is related to the cryoseism phenomena,” Day told The Norman Transcript. “There’s not enough moisture, and the temperatures are not cold enough. That happens in areas where you have a lot of water flowing through a lot of rock,” Day said.
“We don’t know what it was, we just know what it is not,” according to Day.
Holland said the booms occurred on generally regular interval, initially occurring 40 to 60 seconds apart, then about 20 seconds apart.
“It’s a mystery to us as well,” he said.
(Reuters) – An underwater volcano off Tonga was spewing ash high into the air on Tuesday, causing several carriers to suspend air travel to the South Pacific island nation and turning the surrounding ocean blood red, residents and officials said.
The Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai underwater volcano, located about 65 km (40 miles) north of the capital Nuku‛alofa, was sending volcanic ash up to 4,500 meters (14,765 feet) into the air, the Wellington Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC) said.
The volcano, which first erupted in 2009, had been rumbling in recent weeks before exploding violently in the past few days, The New Zealand Herald newspaper reported.
An Air New Zealand flight between Auckland and Nuku‛alofa on Monday was diverted to Samoa and later returned to New Zealand because of the volcano, the airline said in a statement.
A return service had been scheduled to fly on Tuesday, the airline said, but had been canceled because of volcanic activity. The volcano was not disrupting flights to other regions, it said.
Regional carrier Fiji Airlines also turned around a flight to Tonga on Monday, citing safety concerns, and domestic flights were grounded in Tonga.
Residents in Tonga described a spectacular sight, with the enormous plume from the volcano shooting high into the sky and a muddy discharge underwater turning areas of the sea off the island blood red.
“I feel it is healthily letting off steam but it is growing … the base has doubled in size since December 24 when we first saw it again. And it’s getting higher,” resident Chris Egan told the Stuff.nz website.
“This one will not give up.”
There was no damage reported and New Zealand’s VAAC said the ash cloud was expected to dissipate by the end of Tuesday.
(Editing by Paul Tait)