Scientists Found a 1,700 Mile Crack Across the USA. Here’s What You Need to Know


Fig 1. 1,700 mile to 2,200 mile "Crack Across America", "Crack Through America", and Midcontinental Rift (MCR)

Is America at risk for Great earthquakes spanning across the full United States? “Cracks Across America”, in Rift zones, may conceal large fracture type faults where scientists may not be able to identify where these hidden fractures may unleash catastrophic earthquakes.

LOS ANGELES, CA (California Network) – In Nov 1981, a study was published that rocked the scientific world, and sparked concern in FEMA circles, in which a 1,700 mile “Crack Across America” was discovered. Worse yet, this crack cuts through the New Madrid Seismic Zone, where in 1811 and 1812 three giant earthquakes devastatingly struck the center of America. Scientists have been struggling, since then, to answer the question of what risk this mega feature may pose to our heartland today. Recently, and less known, is a study from an independent geologic research set of work [2], that has identified a possible second “Crack Through America” that crosses into and through the same volatile New Madrid Seismic Zone.

The original 1,700 mile “Crack Across America” was found using modern day gravity mapping satellite data, and using computers, to process the measurements [1]. In 1981, Dr. Raymond E. Arvidson of Washington University in St. Louis used data processing techniques where 600,000 discrete gravity measurements, from 20 years of scientific data gathering, to synthesize a map. The results revealed an astonishing ancient rift in the North American crust that extends some 1,700 miles from Idaho to the southern Appalachian Mountains. New discoveries, from more recent research, has extended this “Crack” anomaly in where it combines with a MegaShear [3] zone to the middle of Washington State and possibly with the Olympic-Wallowa Lineament (OWL) [2] – which reaches to the Pacific Ocean near Port Angeles Washington. Thus the total length may total nearly 2,200 miles.

This ancient rift, estimated to be a billion years old, was dubbed the “Missouri Gravity Low” in the eastern most section of the “Crack Across America”. Another rift, 60 miles by 30 miles, underlying the Mississippi river valley, called the “Reelfoot Rift”, was found to cross through the Missouri Gravity Low and head to the northeast/southwest. These two rift zones intersect at the New Madrid Seismic Zone. Over 4,000 small earthquakes have been mapped within these intersecting “rift” regions since 1974.

A maverick geologist, Jack Reed, performed a study in mapping the frequency and location of larger magnitude earthquakes trending along the northeast trending lineament of the “ReelFoot Rift”. The resulting data indicated another concerning revelation – that a possible second “Crack Through America” connects the Reelfoot Rift with the well known St. Lawrence rift zone in Canada. Just as the New Madrid Seismic zone revealed its active potential in its “rift zones”, a magnitude 7.9 earthquake, in 1663, struck near Charlevoix and revealed its power in the St. Lawrence rift zone.

Perhaps a partial clue to what may link to the existence and nature of the “Crack Across America” and the “Crack Through America” is the Midcontinential Rift (MCR) System. Research has identified that a movement direction of the MCR, from tremendous intraplate pressure, forced a southern expansion of this large rift, where the southern edge traversed directly towards the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The Midcontinental Rift thus forms a horseshoe that straddles and reaches, by its tips, at or near the two major “Crack” lineaments. Intraplate pressure could be intensified into these intersecting lineaments, including the resulting pressure(s) at the New Madrid Seismic Zone.

Fig 1. 1,700 mile to 2,200 mile "Crack Across America", "Crack Through America", and Midcontinental Rift (MCR)

What can make these – 70-90 mile wide and thousands of miles long – low gravity crack lineament features so dangerous is their hidden fractures, buried in the earth’s crust below. These low gravity areas are called “Rift zones” where the continental crust tried to pull itself apart, but failed. The thinning of the crust enabled lighter density young rock to intrude, thus resulting in the lower gravity characteristics in the rift zones. Other recent studies have suggested that the thinning of the crust may occur from the delamination of heavier crustal rock “falling” down into the earth’s mantle. However, in the case of linear features of these long distance “lineament rift zones”, the case of random delamination from “falling” into the mantle would not be able to explain these highly organized structures.

What is known, is that these linear rift zones have exhibited the ability to unleash very large earthquakes. This has been aptly demonstrated by the three 1811-1812 New Madrid M7-M8 earthquakes and the large 1663 M7.9 Charlevoix Earthquake. Since the regularity of such earthquakes are measured in centuries, scientists are unable to identify if any section of these linear rift zones may be at risk of a sudden large earthquake.

The bigger the length and depth of a buried fracture and its subsequent pressure induced release, the greater the chances for this rupture to unleash a giant earthquake. Indeed, the three 1811 to 1812 M7-M8 earthquakes had rupture release areas comparable to any single biggest locked segment of the San Andreas CA fault region could do – except in the New Madrid quakes, it did it all in the same location with each huge quake spaced only a month apart. With thousands of miles of possible buried fractures within these lineaments, it’s possible that changes in intraplate pressure may be all that is necessary to activate a segment. Another unanswered question is if Yellowstone Supervolcano is susceptible or interactive with this lineament. Indeed, in 2002, geologists observed distant triggering of earthquake swarming at Yellowstone from the M7.9 Denali Alaska earthquake [4]. As the Denali earthquake was 2,000 miles distant, what would happen if a large earthquake within a rift zone lineament was much closer to Yellowstone? Certainly it would be useful to know if there were any susceptible buried fractures in the nearby lineament that traverses near Yellowstone Supervolcano.

Fig 2. Reelfoot Rift zone image mapped via magnetometer data with overlay of thousands of small earthquakes (red dots). Map shows the northeast trending "Crack Through America" intersection at New Madrid Seismic Zone - follows line of earthquakes.

However, scientists are placed at a disadvantage, in earthquake risk assessment, since any hidden fractures are buried deep in what is called the “Midcontinental Basement”. Without having any data to the size, length, and number of any hidden fractures, it renders any risk analysis “blind”. Only a paleogeologic assessment of past locations, patterns, frequency, and magnitude of earthquakes are scientists able to form a type of a risk assessment. Compounding any risk assessment is understanding the rupture process of these hidden fractures. Scientists refer to these as “Intraplate earthquakes” as the quake occurs within the interior of a tectonic plate. Pressure, within the buried fracture (i.e. “fault”), may instigate an earthquake. GPS, strain sensors, and even inSAR (interferometric Synthetic Aperature Radar) are of no use to proffering answers to these questions as these fractures are inaccessible since they are deep below – while the sediment or crust above hides any telltale sign of crustal creep or stress.

Fig 3. Estimates of the severe impact from a study commissioned by FEMA if a New Madrid Earthquake of M7.7 were to occur.

Because of risk assessment uncertainty, FEMA and other emergency agencies are left to estimating the risk to America’s infrastructure based on a worst case paleogeologic history (i.e. the maximum at any moment). Indeed, in 1999, FEMA listed as one of the major top four hazards in the United States, as “catastrophic”, would be a giant earthquake striking the central U.S.

Because scientists are unable to predict the timing nor the location of the next large earthquake in these Rift zones, there is a difference of viewpoints, regarding cost tradeoffs of implementation and/or upgrades of rigorous seismic building codes, between the scientific community and the emergency management organizations. Complicating this situation is that earthquakes, that occur in the central or eastern United States, affect much larger areas than similar magnitudes in the western United States. The FEMA guide references that the 1906 M7.8 San Francisco CA earthquake was felt 350 miles away in the middle of Nevada. In contrast, the 1811 New Madrid Earthquake was reported to have rung church bells in Boston, Massachusetts, 1,000 miles away. Differences in the geologic makeup of the earth’s crust east and west of the Rocky Mountains are noted to be the cause of this stronger conduction of the earthquake’s P-waves and S-waves creating the distant shaking contrast.

As the rate of earthquakes have been increasing in the New Madrid Seismic Zone and in other parts of the Central United States, such as in Oklahoma, there are concerns that intraplate tectonic pressure may be driving these trends. Other areas, such as the Wabash Valley and East Tennessee Seismic zones also produce earthquakes on a regular basis. Quoting from the CUSEC – “Depending on earthquake magnitude and location, each of these zones could impact multiple states, causing major physical, social and economic disruption in a region that is home to more than forty million people.”… “On April 18, 2008, a magnitude 5.4 earthquake struck near Mt. Carmel, Illinois. This relatively minor earthquake was felt in 28 states and Canada and was responsible for an estimated $3 million in non-structural damages and damaged at least 240 structures in Illinois alone. The Mt. Carmel earthquake shows the widespread impact a larger earthquake might have on the region”

Scientists now believe the Eastern U.S. could have a major quake of its own, and events like the New Madrid Great quakes may happen again, but there is no way to guess where or when.

Fig4-CrackInAmerica

Fig 5. Mid Continental Rift System (MCRS) rotation movement & direction towards the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The direction of the blue arrows show the historical intraplate pressure & movement from the southern edge of the Midcontinental Rift System (MCRS) towards the New Madrid Seismic Zone. The MCRS is estimated to be 1.1 Billion years old.

 

SUPPORT OUR SITE – VISIT/LIKE OUR FACEBOOK PAGE…FOLLOW US ON TWITTER @bendedreality

2012 The Awakening is supported by donations from the generosity of readers honoring the “energetic exchange for value” concept. And, by supporting the merchant affiliate programs by purchasing goods with the links provided below.

If links are dead, please contact me at { ascendingstarseed at gmail dot com }.

Mahalo nui, Annette

AFFILIATE PROGRAMS

SD Bullion

  • Friday, June 30 Silver Prices Burst Through Critical Resistance
    Jumping Nearly 7%
  • Up over $2 in Two Days
  • Just Pennies From $20/oz ($19.75 oz 7/3/16)
  • Buy silver rounds for 49cents over spot while sale and supply’s lasts

Learn more here: Get the best deals on clearance items while supplies last at SDBullion.com!

NuMANNA The Industry Standard in Storable Food:

  • Standard Buckets are GMO-Free
  • Contain no: Aspartame, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Autolyzed Yeast Extract, Chemical Preservatives or Soy.
  • No Gluten Buckets contain no Wheat ingredients.

Learn more here: numanna.com/awakening

 

AquaNui Home Water Distillers

  • AquaNui home water distillers are made for the family who wants to drink the purest water available.
  • With over 45 years of experience, we offer the best counter-top water distiller around.
  • Your AquaNui distiller for water will protect you and your family from harmful contaminants like arsenic, chlorine, lead, mercury, pesticides and nitrates. In addition to that, it removes bacteria, viruses and any biologicals.

www.MyAquaNui.com
Water Made Wonderful

 

Advertisements

North American Continent Begins CRACKING in Wyoming, East of Yellowstone Volcano


cef09c4dc3d0d8d265ab7ea9482b510d_XL

Over the weekend an ENORMOUS crack in the earth developed in the southern foothills of the Big Horn Mountains.  The mountain range lies east of the Yellowstone super-volcano. Estimates by some put the crack at 750 yards long by 50 yards wide by 50 feet DEEP — and growing!

survive7

As shown in images taken by Randy Becker, this is not small event; and the US Geological Survey confirms there were NO earthquakes in the area before, during or after the crack developed. It appears the continent itself is shearing rather than shifting.  It is shifting and slipping that causes earthquakes, while shearing quietly takes place as the land tears.

crack-2

Local men, inspecting the situation, are dwarfed by the size of the crack as shown below:

crack-3

The crack is also lengthening and spreading . . . getting wider and longer . . . without explanation.  This took place overnight:

crack-4

It is not yet known if this is a precursor to an “event” by the Yellowstone Super Volcano, located miles to the west of this location, but according to the Dr. Stephen Ffolkes at the Society of Professional Geologists “the enormity of the super volcano, and its ability to impact things hundreds of miles from its massive underground magma chamber, makes this a situation that bears close watching.”

http://www.theprepperdome.com/north-american-continent-begins-cracking-in-wyoming-east-of-yellowstone-volcano/

 

This report shows data indicating magma movement going east from Yellowstone, they also point out an area just east of Yellowstone that was getting ready to open up – wonder if this is the area they were talking about.

JAPAN Developing Story: Aso Supervolcano Eruption, Land Movement and Soil Containing Volcanic Ash Has Spread Across Area #Japan #JapanQuake


There’s major seismic and volcanic unrest in the Pacific Ring of Fire over the last few days, here are the latest updates on Earth Changes unfolding in Japan and a seismic update from Dutchsince.

Developing: Mount Aso Erupts Amid Earthquake Swarm in Kyushu, Japan #Aso #Volcano

4/16/2016 — Large Earthquakes PUSH JAPAN 3 FEET Southwest + 9 INCH RISE
dutchsinse

Big Cracks Forms Near Tensleep, Wyo and foot hills Of Bighorn Mountains WY


Note: Typical response from officials “Don’t pay attention to massive sinkholes appearing around the world, they don’t matter. This was jus’ a little spring-water – nuthin to see here folks, move along now….”

More uncensored news at Mary Greeley News
http://www.marygreeley.com

Thank you to
http://sweetwaternow.com/large-crack-…

http://basinreboot.com/2015/10/27/sna…

Wall of rock rises out of the ground in the Philippines: new fault triggered large quake


 

 

 
Residents stand next to a long earthen wall which formed following the Oct. 15 earthquake in Barangay Anonang in Inabanga, Bohol. Phivolcs scientists said the wall is the face of a previously unknown fault line which caused the magnitude 7.2 quake
October 24, 2013PHILIPPINESAs the magnitude 7.2 earthquake ended on Oct. 15, residents of Sitio Kumayot in Barangay Anonang heard an explosive sound like a thunderclap. Villagers watched in horrified disbelief as the ground cracked open and, with smoke and the stench of sulphur spreading, one side started to rise. The emerging wall of rock and earth missed by a hairline the toilet of baker Menecia Bautista Aparecio, 43. “We will be living forever in fear, being so close to the fault line,” said Aparecio, who fears returning to her home and now bakes her “pan Bisaya” or “pan kinamot,” a local bread, in the village chapel. The rock face, about three meters high and two kilometers long, raised fears among villagers that more cracks would appear on the ground and swallow them up. Scientists, who may declare a 300-meter permanent danger zone around the fault, described the appearance of the ground rupture as a “eureka” moment in their search for what they have long suspected was an active earthquake fault in the area. Government scientists said the appearance of the yet unnamed fault, which does not exist on the country’s map of fault lines, triggered the powerful earthquake in Central Visayas. “We are 100 percent sure that this is the generator (of the earthquake),” Teresito Bacolcol told GMA 7 as he noted that the rock face appeared near the quake’s epicenter at the boundary of Sagbayan and Catigbian towns. “When we saw (the fault), eureka! This is it.” Bacolcol led a team from the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs), which inspected the rock face last Monday. “We recommend that no structures should be built on top of a fault and within the five-meter buffer zone on both sides of the fault,” Phivolcs director Renato Solidum told The STAR. He also urged the local government of Bohol to revise its land use policy around the fault. –Philstar
Geologists from the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (Phivolcs) found “ground zero” or the fault that triggered the devastating magnitude 7.2 earthquake. The discovery on Monday confirmed the existence of a previously unknown fault in western Bohol. The Oct. 15 earthquake claimed around 200 lives and caused major infrastructure damage, including Spanish-era churches in Bohol and Cebu. Immediately after the earthquake, Phivolcs said the tremor was caused by the movement of the East Bohol Fault. The epicenter, first reported as Carmen town, was later adjusted to the general area between Sagbayan and Catigbian towns in north central Bohol based on the distribution of aftershocks. Geologists found a 5-kilometer surface rupture that extended from barangay Anonang in Inabanga town to barangay New Anonang in Buenavista town. “That fault motion caused the earthquake,” Renato Solidum, director of Phivolcs told ABS-CBN News Channel’s Talkback yesterday morning. The ground rupture pushed the ground upward from two to three meters, cutting through mountains, roads and possibly settlement areas. Phivolcs teams are still studying the extent of the fault line which could extend 100 kilometers or longer.

Meanwhile, aftershocks recorded by Phivolcs indicate a general distribution from north Bohol to the offshores of Dalaguete, Alcoy and Boljoon towns in southern Cebu. The data was plotted on a map by Jessie Alaivar Floren, a private Geographic Informatino System expert in Cebu. Aside from structural damage, residents in southern Cebu towns of Alegria and Badian and Carcar City have complained that ground water turned to “milo” brown. “The earthquake may have disturbed the clay-limestone land formations in these areas, affecting their water table and underground water channels,” said Jun Lucero, senior geologist of the DENR Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MGB). Lucero told Cebu Daily News that they are now checking reports of possible liquefaction in several areas in Cebu and Bohol. Severe liquefaction could result in the sinking or submersion of lands, he  said. Areas near the river and those reclaimed from the sea are more prone to liquefaction, Lucero said. Structures in reclaimed areas, he said, should have stronger foundations and must use materials that can withstand strong ground shaking and liquefaction.  –Inquirer

 

Posted in | Leave a comment

 

Mysterious earthquake swarm and big earth cracks reported in Galati, Eastern Romania


 

 

 

ER reports that for a couple of weeks, an unusual earthquake swarm is going on in Eastern Romania, Galati province, close to Moldovia border. Additionally, a constant sound like boiling water, a strange water smell like sulfur and big cracks in the ground are reported.

 

The quakes have an extremely shallow depth, have a relatively high shaking intensity and are causing a lot of damage in the villages near the epicenter areas.

 

Residents and seismologists are very surprised and are trying to understand what is happening. Oil extraction and flooding where initially mentioned as possible triggers but these reasons cannot explain why some other phenomenon like: a constant sound like “boiling water” (coming from the ground) and a strange water smell (like sulfur) is being noticed.

 

Some people are not waiting for more earthquakes and left their houses due do the damage, fearing a collapse if further quakes would strike.

 

Another reason the people are scared of are the big cracks appearing in the ground.

 

 

 

 

Earthquake epicenters. Imagery ©2013 TerraMetrics, Map data ©2013 Google

 

There is no question that the seismic activity is caused by flood or oil exploitation,” said Mihnea Costoiu, Minister for Higher Education, Scientific Research and Technological Development. Scientists are saying that there was surely no big historic earthquake in the Galati area.

 

Although scientists are absolutely not sure about what will happening in the near future, they are trying to prevent panic in the affected villages.

 

The affected population are upset about the lack of information from the authorities and the scientists. Romanian TV stations are reporting on the phenoments with a number of LIVE reports.

 

Source: Earthquake-Report

http://thewatchers.adorraeli.com/2013/10/04/mysterious-earthquake-swarm-and-big-earth-cracks-reported-in-galati-eastern-romania/

Unexplained ground cracks, tear earth in Arizona and Officials investigate cause behind massive earth-split in Brazil


Two related stories on Earth changes…

Unexplained ground cracks, tear earth in Arizona

March 25, 2013LUEPP, ARIZONA – It’s not something you see every day on the Navajo Nation, but a crack in the earth has been forming for a long time now and no one seems to have a clear answer. It just sits east of Flagstaff on Luepp Rd and about one mile west of Leupp gas station. It’s gotten so big, that they had to fence it in. According to the U.S. geological survey, they say earthquakes come and go in the northern parts of Arizona, which also covers the reservation, it’s not big enough to rattle down buildings but with the recent collapse of highway 89 near Page, some local residences wonder what mother nature has in mind for the vast reservation. On March 18, we reached out to the Navajo Nation land and geology department, they did not have a particular person to give us an answer, so no one was readily available to explain what that huge gash was in the earth. –Navajo Post
Geologic event collapses highway: U.S. 89 is the main road connecting Page to Flagstaff and the Valley. More than 120 feet of the highway has sunk nearly 4 feet just south of Page in the Navajo Nation, according to Dustin Krugel of ADOT.  – February 2013

Officials investigate cause behind massive earth-split in Brazil

March 26, 2013BRAZIL – The cause of massive land collapse in Brazil is being investigated. The prosecutor Douglas Roberto Ribeiro de Magalhaes Chegury is investigating responsibility for environmental disasters in the cities of Santo Domingo and Campos Belos, Goias in the Northeast. Since yesterday (14/3), and surveys are being carried out by the technical-skills expert prosecutors in places, where there were the disasters generated by the collapse of land. This information will educate the public civil inquiries which proceed through the Prosecutor’s Office and Justice of São Domingos Campos Belos to liability for damages. According Chegury in early February, shortly after becoming aware of the environmental disaster in the Serra Geral, which divides the states of Goiás, Tocantins and Bahia, the civil investigation was initiated public. The prosecutor even been to the crash site and collected samples of water and land that could be contaminated with chemicals and pesticides. With the collapse, the flood of mud, stones and earth opened up a crater approximately 7 km, changing in almost 200 meters to the east of the Mosquito River, a major Northeastern Goiás and Tocantins Southeast. The prosecutor also informed that another investigation was initiated in Santo Domingo for determining liability for environmental damage over the Serra Geral, similar to what happened in Upper Landing. On site, there was a landslide that hit the east of the São Vicente, which passes Terra Ronca State Park, the most extensive areas of environmental preservation of Goiás, with approximately 60 000 hectares, endangering fish species endangered and Sao Vicente cave complex. – Mp.gov (translated)

Nuked #100 Sonic Booms and Crustal Shifts: The United Knowledge


Published on Mar 15, 2013

ichicax4ichicax4

Episode 100 air date March 14th, 2013

The United Knowledge from youtube (aka Bending Light on GLP) joins us for a discussion of boom events from a historical perspective, relations to other booms via news reports, birds dropping from the sky, buoy data, earthquakes, and sun activity all occurring around the same time each year. What does it mean? In a nutshell, a possible New Madrid adjustment could be in the works. There are key indicators that will likely increase prior to such an event.

Recent event March 13, 2013: http://tiverton.patch.com/articles/ne…

“An earthquake in upstate New York could be to blame for the mysterious house-shaking boom that residents across Tiverton, Little Compton and Westport reported feeling on Wednesday night. At approximately 8:40 p.m. on Wednesday, March 13, residents across the region dialed 911 to inform their local police station of a strange, earth-shaking phenomenon. Homeowners from Crandall Road in Tiverton down to the Little Compton Commons reported feeling a brief earth-shaking boom. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS) a 2.3 magnitude earthquake was recorded in Indian Lake, New York – a short distance from the Vermont-New York state line.
On the government website, readers as far as Tiverton, Little Compton and Westport reported feeling after shocks from the quake.”
<iframe width=”853″ height=”480″ src=”http://www.youtube.com/embed/mFSewkZNcyU&#8221; frameborder=”0″ allowfullscreen>
Links to everything talked about during the show:

Science Magazine booms, PDF link: http://library.worldtracker.org/Scien…
HTML version: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com…

Huge Earthquake Triggered Other Quakes Worldwide, with quotes from officials: http://news.yahoo.com/huge-earthquake…

Earth cracking up under Indian Ocean, with quotes from officials: http://www.newscientist.com/article/m…

President Obama signs Executive Order allowing for control over all US resources (three days after magnetic field reversal): http://www.examiner.com/article/presi…

Bullets: http://rt.com/usa/dhs-ammo-rounds-sec…
http://www.presstv.com/usdetail/25602…
https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportuni…

FEMA food and body bags for New Madrid: http://scottbytes.com/archives/369

New Madrid overdue for large earthquake, newspaper 1987: http://news.google.com/newspapers?nid…
more recent: http://blogs.riverfronttimes.com/dail…

USGS earthquake hazard map: http://earthquake.usgs.gov/regional/c…

Booms map covering all media reports of booms from Dec/Jan ans quakes 2.0+ from Jan: https://maps.google.com/maps/ms?msid=…

Lance’s Facebook page: http://www.facebook.com/pages/RadChic…

Lance’s Youtube channel:
http://www.youtube.com/user/TheUnited…

Nuked Radio archive: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=…

 

How Average Quakes May Turn Into Giants


 

Charles Q. Choi, OurAmazingPlanet Contributor
Date: 29 August 2012 Time: 01:24 PM ET

View looking southeast along the surface trace of the San Andreas fault in the Carrizo Plain, north of Wallace Creek. Elkhorn Rd. meets the fault near the top of the photo.
CREDIT: Scott Haefner, USGS

Average earthquakes may turn into mega-quakes when rock in a fault weakens much the same way ice does under ice skates, researchers say.

The finding by two researchers at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography at the University of California, San Diego, is based on past research on the friction between rocks in an earthquake fault. Their study confirmed that rock can develop weak points under pressure and suggests that the consequent drop in friction could help release energy.

Previous research suggested that during earthquakes, friction between rocks in specific areas of fault zones rapidly lessens, much the way ice skate blades reduce friction by melting icy surfaces as they glide over them. Such a phenomenon could help solve a longstanding mystery: why major fault zones such as the San Andreas Fault generate so little heat from the grinding of rocks compared with the magnitude of the earthquakes they produce.

 

Improve memory with scientifically designed brain exercises.
A shocking secret coffee co’s don’t want you to know
1 simple trick & my credit score jumped 217 pts. Banks hate this!

“The process allows highly stressed areas to rapidly break down, acting like the weakest links in the chain,” said researcher Kevin Brown. “Even initially stable regions of a fault can experience runaway slip by this process if they are pushed at velocities above a key tipping point.”

This drop in friction also could help faults release energy. “This may be relevant for how you get from large earthquakes to giant earthquakes,” Brown said.

For instance, when it came to the magnitude 9.0 earthquake that devastated Japan in 2011, “we thought that large patches of the fault were just creeping along at a constant rate. Then, all of a sudden, they were activated and slipped to produce a mega-earthquake that produced a giant tsunami.”

To learn more about these locations of weakness, the researchers conducted lab experiments mimicking earthquake processes, in which they ground rock samples in a lathe and monitored the amount of friction and heating it produced. They discovered that at specific temperatures, “melt welts” — points of weakness in the rock — could indeed form, causing extreme drops in friction.

“The onset of weakening was found to be associated with formation of small but visible streaks of molten rock,” said researcher Yuri Fialko, a geophysicist at Scripps. “It was surprising because previous studies have suggested just the opposite — namely, that the melt streaks begin to form when the sliding surface becomes stronger, rather than weaker.

“Understanding the mechanism of extreme weakening during high-speed sliding will advance our understanding of physics of earthquake ruptures and help design more realistic rupture models,” Fialko told OurAmazingPlanet. Those models “can in turn be used for predictions of peak ground motion, shaking intensity, damage to buildings and infrastructure, and potential losses due to destructive earthquakes.”

Future research can explore whether melt welt weakening applies to most materials common in fault zones, and lead to fieldwork to locate melt welts along fault zones.

Brown and Fialko detailed their findings in the Aug. 30 issue of the journal Nature.

http://www.livescience.com/22797-earthquake-fault-weak-spots.html

This story was provided by OurAmazingPlanet, a sister site to LiveScience.

 

Are earthquakes destabilizing tectonic plates across the globe?


Well duh!! If the seismic pace continues to increase unabated through December 21st, what happens when Earth hits the massive energy wave at the galactic equator?  Hopi legend says the planet will go in to what they call the Great Shaking where the entire world experiences the equivalent of 9-10 magnitude, basically enough to shake us back to the stone age.  IMHO spiritual preparation and the elimination of fear from our minds, is the most important element to whatever is heading our way as 2012 unfolds.  By eliminating fear you also allow for your ability to Co-Create and manifest that which you need for your survival.

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Posted on April 16, 2012
April 16, 2012WORLD – A leading earthquake scientist has warned that the planet could be cracking up after a series of massive quakes in just 48 hours. Expert Gheorghe Marmureanu – from Romania’s National Institute of Earth Physics – says 39 quakes had hit the globe within two days. The series started with two massive quakes in Indonesia measuring 8.6 and 8.2 on the Richter scale rapidly followed by three more only slightly smaller in Mexico within hours. “There is no doubt that something is seriously wrong. There have been too many strong earthquakes,” said Marmureanu. He added: “The quakes are a surprise that cannot be easily explained by current scientific knowledge. With the Indonesian quake for example, statistically, there should be one big earthquake in this part of Asia every 500 years. However, since 2004, there were already three quakes with a magnitude of over 8, which is not normal. –Croatian Times

Dutchsinse: 3/5/2012 — ENTIRE SOUTH and MIDWEST ! Steaming Plume event = be alert and aware


Uploaded by on Mar 5, 2012

Check the charts for the region.. THERE IT IS… same time as the plumes are appearing.. and stopping before the early AM !!! http://folkworm.ceri.memphis.edu/heli/heli_sp_mkta/

website post with multiple screenshots : http://sincedutch.wordpress.com/2012/03/06/352012-entire-south-and-midwest-st…

Today.. in Missouri, Arkansas, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas, Oklahoma, and Kansas…..once again.. in the late afternoon…PLUMES APPEARING on Visible satellite — viewable from space — All erupting from the ground at the same time in the afternoon — yesterday only one or two — and now today we see WELL OVER 50 !!

The chances of “wildfires” all erupting AT THE SAME TIME over multiple states.. would either mean a network of arsonists, or a fairly well timed wildfire EACH DAY .. which then magically goes out overnight and half the day.. and then at sunset fires up again. Also, the chances of “control burns” all at the same time across multiple states .. again are minimal…

If its NOT a fire.. then what does that leave us with as an option for a plume from the ground visible from space that is NOT man made??

view it on the GOES visible satellite (1km or 2km product view)… http://weather.cod.edu/satrad/index.php

I have already formed my personal opinion on what I think may be causing these plumes — I believe the north american craton is in a state of unrest — that these plumes could EASILY be caused by the plate pressure … magma pressure underneath an already earthquake prone area ( and a long dormant volcanic chain in Arkansas extending into OK, TX, LA, MS, AL… even as far east as Georgia )

I am doubting official reports that these are ALL WILDFIRES… since early reports came in that these were ALL CONTROL BURNS DONE AT ONCE… then some other skeptics came to my prior videos and claimed these are “weather convenctions of moisture which just LOOKS like steam/smoke”…

I personally think this is the sign of an imminent geologic event of larger proportions. I HOPE I AM WRONG — but the last time THIS MANY plumes appeared (on the west coast from dormant volcanic sites).. we saw a 6.0M to the north.. and a 6.0M to the south of the area that was showing plume activity.

Past experience say to me, this!!

be prepared JUST IN CASE I’m right…. and lets hope that I’m totally wrong on thislocation of plumes seen in the 3/3 video:

35 14 21.13 N , 93 28 53.62 W location of the most current plume appearing on visible satellite = west of Sulphur Springs AR.

34°46’11.98″N , 94°11’33.94″W location of the 2nd plume (central west Arkansas) near the state line .

Here are the past two videos on the subject:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FcJjTQyZW5s&feature=channel_video_title

Original Video from 3/1/2012 showing multiple plumes, multiple areas at the same time erupting(appearing):

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dEMR2BSgBwg&feature=channel_video_title

Here are my past videos on all the different plumes appearing on the west coast :

http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=dutchsinse+pisgah+volcano+volcano…

Here are my past videos on fracking/earthquakes:

http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=dutchsinse+frack+fracking+frac+we…

Here are my past videos on dormant / extinct volcano recent uptick in earthquake in activity:

http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=dutchsinse+dormant+volcano+volcan…

Appearance of Giant Fissures and Cracks Everywhere


Here are a couple giant fissures and cracks  for the archives that were initially overlooked. the first one appears to be in India the day after an eclipse. Unfortunately it needs translated, it appears the villagers got spooked after making that connection.

<iframe width=”420″ height=”315″ src=”http://www.youtube.com/embed/ZbMQXbC_Hp4&#8243; frameborder=”0″ allowfullscreen>

Uploaded by on Jun 18, 2011

Land cracks the next day after eclipse in Hamirpur districts in Uttar Pradesh, Land cracks due to rains after the sum

1/4 mile long crack in earth splits open an Arizona road

Mountain explodes violently in Vietnam as earth cracks- scientist warn of a coming quake


December 5, 2011VIETNAM – Strange geologic activity has residents on edge in Bac Tra. Residents of the town cannot help but feel anxious, as the intensity of the quakes keeps increasing. The nearby mountain of the Truong Son chain explodes ever more loudly every night. Lu Quang Lai, nearly 70, says he has never witnessed such strange phenomenon in Tra My in the past decades. “About 10 months ago, when the new hydroelectricity power plant started to conserve water, the water level in the lake got higher every day. The land here seemed to change. Every night exploding sounds would emanate from the earth, followed by a rumbling sound. Recently the explosions and quakes have become more violent. Glasses and cups fall down like leaves, everything tilts”, Lai speaks in a tremble. Nguyen Phuoc Danh, a motorbike mechanic, lives in a house 300km from Song Tranh 2 hydroelectricity plant’s dam. His home is the worst affected in the area, suffering from three tremors. “Two nights ago, the mountain exploded with a deafening sound. Although I’ve become used to the noise caused by TNT explosives during the dam’s construction, nothing compared to the recent explosion. “A few seconds later, the earth shook. The roof and the windows rattled. Things started to fall. The wall creaked, and then cracked. I took my wife and kids out to the street. A chill crept up from my heels to my head just like electricity,” Danh says in disbelief. Le Van Tuan, Chief of Administration at Bac Tra My District’s People’s Committee, says these strange events began with the filling of the hydroelectricity plant’s reservoir in January, when the mountain first started to explode. “If an earthquake were to occur, over 730 million cubic meters of water would rush down that distance, wiping out not only our town, but other districts towards the end of the Thu Bon River as well.”
Hoards of frogs: While the tremors await an explanation from scientists, residents continue to witness bizarre phenomenon. People of Bac Tra My District recall the story of Ho Van Thoi, 54, who brought back a load of frogs and toads caught in Nuoc Vin creek’s headwaters one day before the quake. Thoi says, “That afternoon, while trying to quench my thirst, I saw an army of frogs and toads swimming upstream. There were so many of them that they climbed on top of one another, all I had to do was reach down and pick them up.” Thoi, along with other villagers, asserts that such an odd event has never happened before in this area. “The frogs must have heard the tremors before us humans!” Thoi postulates. After the strong earth tremor at Bac Tra My on November 17th, Associate Prof. Dr. Cao Dinh Trieu – vice chairman and secretary-general of Vietnam’s Geophysical association – asserted that the event was a phenomenon known as “earthquake excitation.” The nearest seismic station is in Thua Thien-Hue, where a tremor of a 3.5 magnitude on the Richter scale was recorded. On November 28, the station recorded earthquakes in Bac Tra My and Nam Tra My districts with a magnitude lower than 3 on the Richter scale. There was also a cracking sound heard from Tra Bong (Quang Ngai) all the way to Quang Nam. –Tuoitrenews Vietnam

El Hierro Geologist José Morate Says Government Playing Dangerous Game, Foolish 11/30/2011


From: MaryGreeley  | Nov 30, 2011

El Hierro Geologist José Morate Says Government Playing Dangerous Game, Foolish 11/30/2011

Track ships
http://www.marinetraffic.com/ais/default.aspx?centerx=30

Air quality
http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/cmayot/calidadaire/tiem…

Live stream cameras
http://www.meteolaspuntas.es/

Earthquakes
http://www.01.ign.es/ign/resources/volcanologia/txt/bolet…

El Hierro Volcano report/spin
http://earthquake-report.com/2011/09/25/el-hierro-canary-…

BETWEEN+THE+CRACKS


Disturbing look at a Mexicali village that suffered catastrophic damage from last years 3.5 mag earthquake, which appears to have been downgraded.  Eye  witnesses saw huge cracks open up in the ground, one lady fell in waist deep before being rescued and a young boy was swallowed up. Approx. 35,000 people were left homeless and many residents are still living in tents with no assistance from the Mexican government.

http://www.dailymotion.com/video/xd3dmv_between-the-cracks_news

Video is courtesy of Kevin one of our readers, great find thank you!

Lithospheric fracturing continues: Gigantic cracks appear in Mexico


July 21, 2011MEXICO – The crack which appeared on 13 July in Santa Maria Huejoculco in Chalco, State Mexico, has now reached 1500 meters long and the authorities have not taken preventive measures, warned James Espinoza Hilario, responsible for planning Social of the project Sierra Nevada of the Autonomous Metropolitan University. In addition, after survey work was detected in Santa Maria Huejoculco yet another gap of about four km which reaches La Candelaria Tlapala, was found in the community of Miraflores, in Chalco, explained Professor in interview with Martín Espinosa. According to the some, these fissures are part of a family of cracks that exist in the region and threaten to spread across the entire area east of the Valley of Mexico, result in the over-exploitation of water table and the proliferation of housing. This event began back 2009 in a small area of this region but since that time, it has grown and opened to devour everything around it. –Translated Spanish – Before its News

Another oil spill at Yellowstone, so what’s really going on?


Alright we have another oil spill in the Yellowstone area which begs the question whats going on with seismic activity in the area? The article below talks about problems resulting from  land shifting,  this looks like something we need to watch for further developments.

Enviroment Pollution in USA on Tuesday, 19 July, 2011 at 03:01 (03:01 AM) UTC.

Description
A new oil spill involving hundreds of gallons of crude has been discovered in Montana 350 miles from where cleanup crews are mopping up a larger one on the Yellowstone River. The amount spilled at the FX Drilling Co. oil field in a remote corner of the Blackfeet Indian Reservation appears to be much less than the estimated 42,000 gallons that emptied into the Yellowstone River earlier this month. But the northwestern Montana spill comes at a time when all pipeline and oil operations in the state are under scrutiny as a result of the larger Exxon Mobil Corp. pipeline break. Andy Pierce, vice president of FX Energy Inc., the Salt Lake-based parent company of FX Drilling, estimated that between 10 to 15 barrels, or 420 to 630 gallons, leaked from a broken line as a result of the earth shifting during flooding in the area. Indian Country Environmental Associates, the organization heading the cleanup, put the amount between 15 and 20 barrels, or up to 840 gallons. The broken flow line between two oil wells may have been leaking for 10 to 14 days before a neighboring landowner reported it last Tuesday. “You get flow line leaks from time to time, but they generally get spotted right away,” Pierce said. “The reason this went on as long as it did is because the surface is tough to get around on right now.” A response crew hired by the tribe and paid for by the oil company is cleaning up the oil that has flowed nearly a mile down a ravine to where the Cut Bank Creek runs. Pierce said he doesn’t believe oil contaminated the creek, which connects to the Marias River, but the head of the cleanup crew said that at least some crude escaped to the water.

Gabe Renville, the senior environmental scientist for Indian Country Environmental Associates, said whatever oil made it to Cut Bank Creek has washed away and there are no visible signs of the spill on the shoreline. A 4-foot berm was built where the coulee meets the Cut Bank Creek and a 50-foot boom skirt with liner has been looped around the area to prevent any further contamination, his agency said. Oil has coated the soil and vegetation in and around the ravine, and there are 11 standing pools of water slicked with oil. The coulee is steep and treacherous, with rattlesnakes and scorpions hiding under rocks. The dozen workers are unable to get any heavy equipment into the area to carry the oil out, meaning the excavating and transport has to be done by hand and all-terrain vehicles, Renville said. “When you first look, you wonder how you’re going to get it out of the coulee,” Renville said. “One thing’s for certain, we’ll get it out.” There has been no public notice of the leak since it was discovered July 12. A response plan by Renville’s organization said a meeting between the tribe, the Environmental Protection Agency and the federal Bureau of Land Management was held the next day. The state of Montana was not notified until Friday, according to the state Department of Environmental Quality. Because the spill happened on tribal land, the state has no jurisdiction, DEQ spokeswoman Lisa Peterson said. EPA spokeswoman Wendy Thomi referred calls to the agency’s Helena office, where messages weren’t immediately returned. A message left with the Blackfeet tribe’s environmental department also wasn’t immediately returned.

Most of FX Energy’s operations are concentrated on natural gas exploration and production in Poland, but the company says on its website that 94 percent of its total oil production comes from the 10,000-acre Cut Bank field. Some 350 miles away in south-central Montana, workers removed about 100 barrels of oil from the broken Exxon Mobil pipeline in the Yellowstone River and EPA officials say they believe the pipe no longer poses a threat to releasing any more oil.

http://hisz.rsoe.hu/alertmap/site/?pageid=event_desc&edis_id=ED-20110719-31632-USA

Drifting apart: Amazing underwater photos that show the growing gap between two tectonic plates


By Daily Mail Reporter

Last updated at 10:40 AM on 11th May 2011

Swimming through an area of extreme natural beauty, this diver surveys the underwater canyons on his either side.

But this British scuba diver is actually between two tectonic plates.

Alex Mustard, 36, dived 80ft into the crevice between the North American and Eurasian plates near Iceland to capture these spectacular photos.

Growing gap: Alex Mustard, dived 80ft into the crevice between the North American and Eurasian plates near Iceland to capture these spectacular photosGrowing gap: Alex Mustard, dived 80ft into the crevice between the North American and Eurasian plates near Iceland to capture these spectacular photos

The area is riddled with faults, valleys, volcanoes and hot springs, caused by the plates pulling apart at about one inch per year.

 

Mr Mustard snapped away as he and his dive partners swam through fresh water canyons Silfra, Nes and Nikulasargja, which are up to 200ft deep.

He also took photos of the Arnarnes Strytur chimney, which forms a cloudy plume as 80C water is ejected from Earth’s crust and hits the cool 4C seawater.

Ripe for exploration: The area is riddled with faults, valleys, volcanoes and hot springs, caused by the plates pulling apart at about one inch per yearRipe for exploration: The area is riddled with faults, valleys, volcanoes and hot springs, caused by the plates pulling apart at about one inch per year

Inspiration: Mr Mustard wanted to capture Iceland's underwater volcanic features on filmInspiration: Mr Mustard wanted to capture Iceland’s underwater volcanic features on film

 

Mr Mustard, from Southampton, said: ‘The photos show diving in the unique underwater world of Iceland which, like on land, is formed by the volcanic landscape of the country.

‘Many people visit Iceland to see these features on land but they also continue underwater.

‘For a scuba diver these are spectacular places to visit – being able to fly through the clear water and explore the fault lines in three dimensions.

‘I have dived all around the world and this is almost certainly the clearest water I have ever been in.

‘Many people have an experience of vertigo from the sheer walls and clear water.’

Mr Mustard swam through fresh water canyons Silfra, Nes and Nikulasargja, which are up to 200ft deep

 

Enlarge   Movements of the earth: Tectonic plate movement could be sped up as a result of the weather Movements of the earth: Mr Mustard took his photos between the North American and Eurasian tectonic plates at Iceland

Sinkholes, Massive Cracks and Fissures Galore, the Earth Appears to be Busting-Out at the Seams!


After posting several video’s with footage of sinkholes appearing all over the country, I stumbled upon someone else who took notice of all the sinkholes that took place over a relatively short period of time in May.  Uploading seven video’s in total, the YouTube poster is ascribing them to the New Madrid fault line. Which I don’t necessarily agree with, especially when one of the sinkholes appeared in Spokane, WA and there was also a massive crack that appeared in Spain as well.

on 27 May 2011 Bystanders check out a large sinkhole that opened up Tuesday in downtown Saskatoon. The hole is approximately 1.5 meters deeps and a little over one meter in diameter.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QzXYdYLOD2Q&feature=related

I actually posted a video below of this one on 12 May 2011 when a large sinkhole developed at the corner of Downing and S. Edsel in Detroit.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SWUspOBXyn0&feature=related

Here’s the Spokane water main break posted below

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PFILBbgPbs4&feature=related

The Kansas City publics works crew unlucky encounter with a sinkhole also posted below

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bR9EmJLXbq8&feature=related

MAY 22 2011,  Sinkhole in the road on the floodway side of the levee behind Anniston.

Video in French about the Quebec neighborhood plagued with sinkholes, forcing some residents to evacuate. More posted in below as well.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTiI9eeIDqY&feature=related