SOTT Earth Changes Summary – February 2017: Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, Meteor Fireballs


SOTT ‘Earth Changes’ video summary for February 2017: extreme weather events, environmental indicators of ‘planetary upheaval’ (seismic, volcanic, etc) and Near-Earth Objects in the form of meteor fireballs.

Februrary 2017 continued on as January started. Massive flooding in California due to “atmospheric rivers” dumping large amounts of rain on coastal areas and snow on the Sierra Nevada. The snow melt from this caused further flooding in Nevada. Eastern Canada also experienced record snowfall, as did Iran, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan and Japan.

Wildfires broke out in Eastern Australia and New Zealand while record rainfall inundated Western Australia. Major flooding also hit several South American nations including Chile, Peru and Colombia.

There are at least 30 active volcanoes around the world right now, including a really impressive one in Guatemala. Massive earth cracks opened in Pakistan and Italy.

These are just some of the chaotic events we present in this month’s Sott ‘Earth Changes’ video compilation.

If you like this video, please share!

Visit our website: http://sott.net

Like us on Facebook: http://facebook.com/SOTT.NET

Follow us on Twitter: http://twitter.com/SOTTnet

Send us your photos and videos to sott@sott.net

Consider a donation to keep the SOTT.net lighthouse shining: http://www.sott.net/page/3-Support

Music used: ‘Escape from the Temple’ by Per Kiilstofte: http://www.machinimasound.com/music/e…

Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International: http://www.creativecommons.org/licens…

FAIR USE NOTICE: We do not claim ownership of the footage contained in this mash-up video. We are making such material available in an effort to advance understanding of environmental, political, human rights, economic, scientific, and social justice issues, etc. We believe this constitutes a ‘fair use’ of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law. In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. Section 107, the material on this video and SOTT Media channel is distributed without profit to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving the included information for research and educational purposes.

Not withstanding the provisions of sections 106 and 106A, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phono-records or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright.

DMCA Takedowns and other copyright claims are HARASSMENT when initiated by a copyright holder for the purpose of using their copyright to infringe upon the Constitutional Rights of others (see also: Bill of Rights, US Constitution) by way of malicious attacks and are in direct violation of Fair Use Law.

Siberia’s ‘doorway to the Underworld’ Is Getting So Big It’s Uncovering Ancient Forests


 

 A doorway to 200,000 years ago.

Alexander Gabyshev, Research Institute of Applied Ecology of the North
FIONA MACDONALD
25 FEB 2017
It’s no secret that Siberia’s permafrost has been on thin ice lately. Conditions are varying so much that huge holes are appearing out of nowhere, and, in some places, tundra is quite literally bubbling underneath people’s feet.

But new research has revealed that one of the biggest craters in the region, known by the local Yakutian people as the ‘doorway to the underworld’, is growing so rapidly that it’s uncovering long-buried forests, carcasses, and up to 200,000 years of historical climate records.

Known as the Batagaika crater, it’s what’s officially called a ‘megaslump‘ or ‘thermokarst‘.

Many of these megaslumps have been appearing across Siberia in recent years, but researchers think Batagaika could be something of an anomaly in the region, located around 660 km (410 miles) north-east of the region’s capital city of Yakutsk.

Not only is the crater already the largest of its kind, almost 1 km (0.6 miles) long and 86 metres (282 feet) deep, but it’s getting bigger all the time.

1465917994453669Alexander Gabyshev, Research Institute of Applied Ecology of the North

Research presented last year by Frank Günther from the Alfred Wegener Institute in Germany revealed that the head wall of the crater has grown by an average of 10 metres (33 feet) per year over the past decade of observations. And in warmer years, the growth has been up to 30 metres (98 feet) per year.

The team also suspects that the side wall of the crater will reach a neighbouring valley in the coming months as temperatures heat up in the Northern Hemisphere, which could lead to even more land collapse.

“On average over many years, we have seen that there’s not so much acceleration or deceleration of these rates, it’s continuously growing,” Günther told Melissa Hogenboom from the BBC. “And continuous growth means that the crater gets deeper and deeper every year.”

That’s not great news for climate change. The crater formation first started after a large chunk of forest was cleared nearby in the 1960s.

Because the ground was no longer shaded in the warm, summer months, it heated up more rapidly than it had in the past, eventually causing the permafrost to melt and the ground to collapse. Major flooding in 2008 made the melting even worse, and contributed to the size of the crater.

inside batagaika closeupAlexander Gabyshev, Research Institute of Applied Ecology of the North

The instability of the region isn’t just dangerous for locals, there are also concerns that as the hole gets deeper and larger, it will expose carbon stores that have been locked away for thousands of years.

“Global estimations of carbon stored in permafrost is [the] same amount as what’s in the atmosphere,” Günther told the BBC.

As the crater continues to melt, these greenhouse gases could be released into the atmosphere, triggering more warming.

“This is what we call positive feedback,” added Günther. “Warming accelerates warming, and these features may develop in other places.

But it’s not all terrible news. A study published this month in the journal Quaternary Research has shown that the layers exposed by the crater could now reveal 200,000 years of climate data.

That’s in addition to the preserved remains of long-buried forests, ancient pollen samples, and even the frozen remains of a musk ox, mammoth, and a 4,400-year-old horse.

Here’s some ancient tree remains in the melting permafrost:

p04tmg72Julian Murton

The research was led by Julian Murton from the University of Sussex, who says the exposed sediment could be useful for understanding how the climate of Siberia changed in the past, and predicting how it will change in the future.

While most of the planet went through periods of cooling and warming over the past 200,000 years, the climate history of Siberia is vastly unknown.

But according to Murton, the last time Siberia saw this kind of slumping occur was around 10,000 years ago, as Earth transitioned out of its last Ice Age.

And today greenhouse gas levels in our atmosphere are much higher than they were back then – we’re now at 400 parts per million CO2, compared to 280 parts per million when the last Ice Age ended.

“The Batagaika site contains a remarkably thick sequence of permafrost deposits, which include two wood-rich layers interpreted as forest beds that indicate past climates about as warm or warmer than today’s climate,” Murton told Sarah Emerson over at Motherboard last year.

“The upper forest bed overlies an old land surface that was eroded, probably when permafrost thawed in a past episode of climate warming.”

If the researchers can use this information to understand exactly what happened to Siberia last time the permafrost melted, we might be able to better prepare for when it happens again.

But there’s more research that needs to be done – the exact dates of the sediment that have been exposed in the crater still aren’t known, Murton told Hogenboom.

He’s now planning to drill bore holes in the region to analyse more sediment and get a more accurate understanding of what happened in the past.

“Ultimately, we’re trying to see if climate change during the last Ice Age [in Siberia] was characterised by a lot of variability: warming and cooling, warming and cooling as occurred in the North Atlantic region,” says Murton.

The research has been published in Quaternary Research.

http://www.sciencealert.com/siberia-s-huge-doorway-to-the-underworld-is-getting-so-big-it-s-uncovering-millennia-old-forests-and-carcasses

North American Continent Begins CRACKING in Wyoming, East of Yellowstone Volcano


cef09c4dc3d0d8d265ab7ea9482b510d_XL

Over the weekend an ENORMOUS crack in the earth developed in the southern foothills of the Big Horn Mountains.  The mountain range lies east of the Yellowstone super-volcano. Estimates by some put the crack at 750 yards long by 50 yards wide by 50 feet DEEP — and growing!

survive7

As shown in images taken by Randy Becker, this is not small event; and the US Geological Survey confirms there were NO earthquakes in the area before, during or after the crack developed. It appears the continent itself is shearing rather than shifting.  It is shifting and slipping that causes earthquakes, while shearing quietly takes place as the land tears.

crack-2

Local men, inspecting the situation, are dwarfed by the size of the crack as shown below:

crack-3

The crack is also lengthening and spreading . . . getting wider and longer . . . without explanation.  This took place overnight:

crack-4

It is not yet known if this is a precursor to an “event” by the Yellowstone Super Volcano, located miles to the west of this location, but according to the Dr. Stephen Ffolkes at the Society of Professional Geologists “the enormity of the super volcano, and its ability to impact things hundreds of miles from its massive underground magma chamber, makes this a situation that bears close watching.”

http://www.theprepperdome.com/north-american-continent-begins-cracking-in-wyoming-east-of-yellowstone-volcano/

 

This report shows data indicating magma movement going east from Yellowstone, they also point out an area just east of Yellowstone that was getting ready to open up – wonder if this is the area they were talking about.