Don’t Believe the Numbers: Indian Tigers Still Face Extinction Threat


Experts warn that the Indian tiger, despite figures showing the population has stabilized, faces an increasing threat of extinction due to a lack of genetic diversity.

Researchers from the UK’s Cardiff University, in collaboration with the National Centre for Biological Sciences in Bangalore, have issued a warning that, based on their research, they believe that up to 93% of genetic diversity in India’s tiger population has been lost.

The research team, aware of the massive threat posed by humans in terms of both habitat loss and hunting, sort to compare the genetic data from modern tigers with animals from the London Natural History Museum’s tiger collection shot during the time of the British Raj (1858-1947).

They found a high level of genetic variants in those historic specimens that is no longer present in today’s tiger population, something that for India’s tigers points to an ever increasing threat of extinction.

“A lot of the diversity has gone because the population has collapsed as a result of the threat to habitat,” Professor Mike Buford of the School of Biosciences at Britain’s Cardiff University is quoted as saying. “What genetic diversity is left only exists in pockets. The Indian government is saying things are reasonably all right because the population has stabilized. But we are saying that is only part of the story.”

Late last year, the Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) came out with good news that tiger populations in India had increased significantly and that in places like Nagarahole and Bandipur National Parks, tigers were actually at what is known as saturation level, where young tigers are forced to seek wider territories beyond the protected national park spaces.

The last census of tigers in India, which was carried out in 2011, suggested a population of around 1,700 tigers. That’s a dramatic reduction from a century ago when the numbers were more like 100,000, but represents a stabilization or even slight increase on previous recent estimates. Yet the Cardiff research team say that while population number decline has tailed off, a fact lauded by the Indian government, it is wrong to think that numbers alone reflect the health of a species’ population.

In fact, what appears to be happening is that habitat isolation is resulting in an increased risk of the tigers becoming inbred and that this could ultimately make them more prone to disease and may increase the threat of extinction severely if the problem isn’t tackled soon.

Indeed this latest research, published in the Proceedings of The Royal Society B journal, estimates that the territory the tigers now occupy has declined more than 50% during the population’s last three generations. They estimate that mating only occurs in 7% of the tiger’s historical territory.

So what to do?

India’s current strategy for tiger conservation, detailed here, centers on the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Wildlife (Protection) Act of 1972 and concerns itself with managing the populations in specially cultivated areas. The 1972 act established 66 national parks and 421 wildlife sanctuaries, including large tracts of tiger habitat. These were later increased to 102 national parks, 515 wildlife sanctuaries and 44 conservation reserves and four community reserves. When poaching led to population collapse, India’s government also took steps to prevent this.

However, the research team concludes that continuing the current strategy will not work, writing in the research summary:

We conclude that ongoing strategies to maximize the size of some tiger populations, at the expense of losing others, is an inadequate conservation strategy, as it could result in a loss of genetic diversity that may be of adaptive significance for this emblematic species.

This is a sentiment echoed by tiger expert Valmik Thapar, who told the Independent that the Indian government’s preoccupation with establishing population corridors, linking one group of tigers to another, won’t work. “We don’t have the political will or the governance,” he is quoted as saying.

An emphasis, then, has to be placed not on individual population corridors but on allowing forest reserves to spread. This in turn will encourage genetic trading between the population groups, the researchers say, and is the only way that the population will begin to support itself and recover from its brush with extinction.

It is estimated that India contains up to 60% of the world’s tigers, so action to keep that population healthy is incredibly important.

Tiger populations the world over face an increasing risk of extinction with total numbers having fallen by 97% in the past century.

 

The Four Occupations of Planet Earth


 

By Tom Engelhardt

On the streets of Moscow in the tens of thousands, the protesters chanted: “We exist!”  Taking into account the comments of statesmen, scientists, politicians, military officials, bankers, artists, all the important and attended to figures on this planet, nothing caught the year more strikingly than those two words shouted by massed Russian demonstrators.

“We exist!”  Think of it as a simple statement of fact, an implicit demand to be taken seriously (or else), and undoubtedly an expression of wonder, verging on a question: “We exist?”

And who could blame them for shouting it?  Or for the wonder?  How miraculous it was.  Yet another country long immersed in a kind of popular silence suddenly finds voice, and the demonstrators promptly declare themselves not about to leave  the stage when the day — and the demonstration — ends.  Who guessed beforehand that perhaps 50,000 Muscovites would turn out to protest a rigged electoral process in a suddenly restive country, along with crowds in St. Petersburg, Tomsk, and elsewhere from the south to Siberia?

In Tahrir Square in Cairo, they swore: “This time we’re here to stay!”  Everywhere this year, it seemed that they — “we” — were here to stay.  In New York City, when forced out of Zuccotti Park by the police, protesters returned carrying signs that said, “You cannot evict an idea whose time has come.”

And so it seems, globally speaking.  Tunis, Cairo, Madrid, Madison, New York, Santiago, Homs.  So many cities, towns, places.  London, Sana’a, Athens, Oakland, Berlin, Rabat, Boston, Vancouver… it could take your breath away.  And as for the places that aren’t yet bubbling — Japan, China, and elsewhere — watch out in 2012 because, let’s face it, “we exist.”

Everywhere, the “we” couldn’t be broader, often remarkably, even strategically, ill defined: 99% of humanity containing so many potentially conflicting strains of thought and being: liberals and fundamentalists, left-wing radicals and right-wing nationalists, the middle class and the dismally poor, pensioners and high-school students.  But the “we” couldn’t be more real.

This “we” is something that hasn’t been seen on this planet for a long time, and perhaps never quite so globally.  And here’s what should take your breath away, and that of the other 1%, too: “we” were never supposed to exist.  Everyone, even we, counted us out.

Until last December, when a young Tunisian vegetable vendor set himself alight to protest his own humiliation, that “we” seemed to consist of the non-actors of the twenty-first century and much of the previous one as well.  We’re talking about all those shunted aside, whose lives only weeks, months or, at most, a year ago, simply didn’t matter; all those the powerful absolutely knew they could ride roughshod over as they solidified their control of the planet’s wealth, resources, property, as, in fact, they drove this planet down.

For them, “we” was just a mass of subprime humanity that hardly existed.  So of all the statements of 2011, the simplest of them — “We exist!” — has been by far the most powerful.

Name of the Year: Occupy Wall Street

Every year since 1927, when it chose Charles Lindbergh for his famed flight across the Atlantic, Time magazine has picked a “man” (even when, on rare occasions, it was a woman like Queen Elizabeth II) or, after 1999, a “person” of the year (though sometimes it’s been an inanimate object like “the computer” or a group or an idea).  If you want a gauge of how “we” have changed the global conversation in just months, those in the running this year included “Arab Youth Protestors,”  “Anonymous,” “the 99%,” and “the 1%.”  Admittedly, so were Kim Kardashian, Casey Anthony, Michele Bachman, Kate Middleton, and Rupert Murdoch.  In the end, the magazine’s winner of 2011 was “the protester.”

Continued here:

http://2012theawakeningrevolutionows.blogspot.com/2011/12/four-occupations-of-planet-earth.html

Featured stories you may have missed at our sister sites


 

The 2012 Awakening

UN: Syria now in a civil war with 4,000 dead  This sounds just like Libya before they bombed it back to the stone age.

Iranian Students Storm UK Embassy : 11/ 29/2011

Scott Walker Wants to Charge Protesters to Protest in State Capitol | Mother Jones Just when you thought they couldn’t stoop any lower

AlterNet: 5,000 Military Families Illegally Foreclosed On — How We Can Prosecute Bank Crimes

6 Shocking Revelations About Wall Street’s “Secret Government” | Economy | AlterNet

75 Years in Prison For Videotaping Police – YouTube

 Trends Show Women Losing Access to Jobs | Truthout

Bachmann: Gays ‘can marry a woman if they’re a man’ | The Raw Story The title alone is enough to make your brain hurt!

Stephen Colbert On ‘Testy’ Bret Baier Interview: Mitt Romney May Soon Be Your Fox News Co-Worker | Mediaite

NHK: Over half of fuel has melted out at Reactors No. 2 and 3, says Tepco’s assumed worst scenario (VIDEO) « ENENEWS.COM

AP reveals doubts by nuclear experts: “The fuel is no longer there” — Measuring temps of empty cores “meaningless” — “Nobody knows where and how hot the melted fuel really is” « ENENEWS.COM

NHK: “This is a very severe accident” — Nuclear fuel at Reactor No. 1 may have melted through 65 cm of concrete… Only 37 cm at thinnest point (PHOTOS) « ENENEWS.COM

 

2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS

 

Crossing Police Lines: US cops defect to OWS – YouTube 

Pizza Brutality: Police Devour Protesters’ Pies – NYTimes.com Brutal story! Read with caution! 

Occupy Seattle swoops in around JPMorgan Chase executive – latimes.com 

The 99 Percent Takes Office: Lessons From a Rhode Island Special Election | Truthout 

Occupy Philly and LA Camps Raided, Evicted at Midnight, Hundreds Arrested: Photos, Videos

 

 

 

 

Featured stories you may have missed at the Sister Sites


2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS

No Longer Laughing, but Still Clueless — In These Times: The mainstream media’s narrow and formulaic approach damages its Occupy coverage.

How Do We Know OWS Is Winning? Elites Are Desperate to Suppress It

Ten Things You Should Know About the UC Davis Police Violence

Keith Olbermann, Dorli Rainey Talk Pepper Spray Incident, Occupy Movement (VIDEO)

As Egypt Holds Vote, Journalist Mona Eltahawy Recounts Beating, Sexual Assault By Egyptian Forces

“It’s a fraud problem, not a business cycle problem” Everything you ever wanted to know about the meltdown but the bullshit news media will never tell you

Marine Vet at #OccupyWallStreet Tells Sean Hannity to “F**k Off”

Jose Pimentel – ‘Lone Wolf’ – Scare Tactics To Distract From The ‘Occupy’ Movement

Senate Moves To Allow Military To Intern Americans Without Trial, Turn America in to a Battlefield

Occupy Aloha!! Obama at APEC dinner gets Occupied by…a musician?

Occupy UC Davis: Bob Ostertag looks at the militarization of police forces in the US, Kieth Olberman November 21, 2011

Occupy Wall Street: Retired Police Captain Ray Lewis on his arrest and why he supports the movement

Pregnant Seattle protester miscarries after being kicked, pepper sprayed

David Icke Talks With Luke Rudkowski At Occupy Wall Street

The 2012 Awakening

Kasich, Koch and Big-Industry Bucks: Why Ohio Is the Next Fracking Frontier

Marine Who Received Medal of Honor Fights Allegations He is Mentally Unstable

Sgt. Dakota Meyer Grabs a Beer With President Obama

Indefinite Military Detention of Citizens on US Soil Still in Pentagon Spending Bill | News & Politics | AlterNet

Media lies are pretext for another ‘humanitarian war’: Protest in Syria – Who Counts the Dead?

Koch-Fueled Americans for Prosperity Spends $2.4 Million on Solyndra Attack

PressTV – Pakistan orders US to vacate airbase

Bush, Blair Found Guilty of War Crimes by Tribunal — Puppet Masters — Sott.net

No End in Sight to Military Violence in Cairo

Thank You, Grover Norquist The super committee’s failure is rooted in a clash of visions.

Featured stories you may have missed at our sister sites


 

Aloha!!

Just a note to let you know that over the Thanksgiving Holiday I’ll be attempting to move “2012 The Awakening” to another server and with any luck it’ll be a smooth transition without much downtime.  Once I initiate the move, it could take up to 48hrs to get back online at the new address and when that happens there will be an automatic redirect taking you from here to the new address. Which, will most likely be AscendingStarseed.com since 2012TheAwakening.com isn’t available at this time.

In the mean time during the transfer you can check with both sister sites for new posts and on Facebook at Facebook.com/AscendingStarseed/

Have a blessed holiday weekend!

Much love, Annette

 

2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS

 

Spray Anything: Marketing Crowd Control to Cops Pepper spray machines, monster Tasers, “pain compliance rounds,” and other toys to make occupiers obey.

 

Mike Luckovich cartoon: Occupy movement – Look What they Left Behind!!

 

UC Davis Chancellor Apologizes, Students Continue to Call for Resignation

 

Rep. Joe Walsh: Media protecting ‘Occupy Wall Street’

 

‘Occupy Chicago’ protesters ‘mic check’ city alderman

 

Pregnant Seattle protester miscarries after being kicked, pepper sprayed

 

David Icke Talks With Luke Rudkowski At Occupy Wall Street

 

Bronx Students Occupy Public Education, Release 10-Point Plan

 

Caught on Camera: 10 Shockingly Violent Police Assaults on Occupy Protesters

 

Video of Cop Viciously Pepper-Spraying Sitting Students Goes Viral

 

 

With expulsion from Zuccotti Park and numbers dwindling, Occupy Wall Street movement looks old

Experts think protesters should take their show on the road

 

The Banks and New York City and the Media

 

Pancho’s Message to the 100% After protesters rally to his defense, ICE releases undocumented Oakland occupier who was arrested while meditating

 

The bizarre history of the OWS counter-protesters A Fox contributor and failed talk radio host with a penchant for publicity-seeking takes to the streets against OWS\

 

November 17: Historic Day of Action for the 99%

 

Alarming Photo Shows Demonstrator Receiving Faceful of Pepper Spray at Occupy Portland March U.S. now a Police State? Or fully weaponized Military State?…

 

PHOTOS: Elderly woman, pregnant woman hit with pepper spray at Occupy Seattle

 

 

The 2012 Awakening

 

Why are Right-Wing Christians Obsessed with Paranoid Notions of Liberal Politicians as the Antichrist? Alleged would-be presidential assassin Ortega-Hernandez reportedly called Obama ‘the Antichrist’. So who put that idea in his head?

Thank You, Grover Norquist The super committee’s failure is rooted in a clash of visions.

 

Super Committee Member Sen. Kerry: Grover Norquist Is ‘The 13th Member Of This Committee’ | ThinkProgress

 

The Richest 0.1 Percent Of Americans Make Half Of All Capital Gains

 

Rep Don Young Bullies Witness: ‘I Can Call You Anything I Want!’ ‘You Be Quiet!’ ‘Pontifigurds!’

Don Young needs a good reminder that he’s a public servant…

 

How Republican Tax Intransigence Sank The Super Committee: A Timeline

 

Giant Tesla tower spawns big bolts

 

Youth Living Without Electricity in California

 

Mark Boyle – Living without money

 

Threatened With Arrest For Filming Empty Grocery Store Shelves

 

U.S. Bridges, Roads Being Built by Chinese Firms

 

How to convert a washing machine into a water powered generator – enough power to live off the grid

 

Why Carbon is a Threat to the Eastbalishment., the Future of Free Energy is here NOW!!

 

Penn State and the Culture of Rape

 

Asia-Pacific: US Ramps Up Global War Agenda

 

The horrific hazards of spent nuclear fuel” by Helen Caldicott & Robert Alvarez

 

Randi Rhodes Homework Friday, November 18, 2011

 

Privatization Nightmare: 5 Public Services That Should Never Be Handed Over to Greedy Corporations

 

The GOP’s victim-blaming strategy: From Iraq to OWS, Republicans are going to increasingly absurd measures to protect the wealthy

 

 

Featured stories at our sister sites for 11-11-11


The 2012 Awakening

The Story of Broke and The Story of Stuff Project

Afghanistan’s Suffering Civilians

Republican Strategery…Cain Sex Scandal, Bachmans Med’s

 


2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS

WoW! – Occupy Canada – Occupies Breakfast TV – Occupy Corrupted Media:)

We are the 1% … And We Stand with the 99%

 

 

Featured stories at the sister sites November 8, 2011


2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS

We May Be Witnessing the First Large Global Conflict Where People Are Aligned by Consciousness and Not Nation State or Religion  by Naomi Wolf

We Are the Change (video)

Police State in Oakland? One Reporter’s Arrest Contradicts Official Story

Pew Report on Young-Old Wealth Gap is Misleading and Divisive; Could Fuel Intergenerational Class War

RAW VIDEO: Chopper footage of 100,000+ Occupy Oakland Takes back Highway

 

 

The 2012 Awakening

“We are all ONE” Please Spread This Message

Reefer Madness: The Feds Seem Intent on Destroying Medical Pot

Activists Gather to Protest Koch Brothers Gala

CDC Preparedness 101: Zombie Apocalypse

Steve Jobs’ sister: ‘Death didn’t happen to Steve, he achieved it…Wow, Wow, Wow!’

PROJECT CAMELOT : ED LAUGHRIN : KENNEDY BALLISTICS & THE CHALLENGER DISASTER

2012 The Awakening – The MothershipTaken Down…temporarily!?

 

 

 

Featured stories at our sister sites for November 6, 2011


The 2012 Awakening

Angry Ventura has no more Patriotism left, thinks about running for President!

Why Rush Limbaugh Is Freaking Out About Occupy Wall Street

2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS

Occupy Oakland struggles with provocative fringe

Featured Stories at our Sister Sites for November 4, 2011


 
Josh Shepard OWS Vet’s “Scott Olsen Urges Non-Violent response to brutality” on Keith Olberman
 
Copwatch at Occupy Oakland: Beware of Police Infiltrators and Provocateurs – Must see!!
 
CHART: Thanks To The 99 Percent Movement, Media Finally Covering Jobs Crisis And Marginalizing Deficit Hysteria
 
St Paul’s and Corporation of London halt legal action against Occupy camp
 
Send SCOTT OLSEN a Card
 
#OWS Injured Vet Scott Olsen Urges Non-violence in the Face of Police Brutality
 
Occupy Oakland, who’s REALLY responsible for the violence?

 

New Website!! Visit 2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS dedicated to the Occupy Wall St “Revolution”


Aloha!

Last week after witnessing veterans join forces to protect OWS protestors it became clear we’re witnessing the renaissance of an American revolution synchronizing with the evolution of a global revolution.  It’s too bad everyone’s under so much stress because it’s getting interesting and would certainly be more enjoyable to watch develop in a better mood.  On the other hand, if we weren’t all so unhappy, the energy wouldn’t be alive to spark a revolution!

So when you have a moment please check-out the new website 2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS,  focused entirely on the OWS revolution as it continues to grow and evolve.  Also please keep in mind this is a resource for everyone, if you have a link to a video or article of interest please leave it in the comment field for consideration to be posted.

Thanks again for your readership and continued support! Mahalo, Annette

2012 The Awakening Revolution OWS