Space Weather: The next frontier for the human race ~ Susan Joy Rennison


Ed. Note: With all the recent news on the impact from incoming Space Weather from Corey Goode, Barak Obama and others; it’s a great time to re-post and re-visit these highly informative presentations on cosmic energy, by world re-knowned physicist Susan Rennison. What I love about Susan is, unlike most scientist’s, in addition to the data she also offers a metaphysical perspective on what’s unfolding energetically, in and around our solar system and how this cosmic soup of energy is anticipated to affect our DNA, our consciousness and our technology. IMO all three lectures are 5-Star presentations highly worthy of your time. Much love to all, Annette

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Magnificent CME Erupts on the Sun - August 31

Susan Joy Rennison was in Delft in 2011. With over 50.000 hits, her lecture is the best one viewed online of Studium Generale ever. Now she returns with the latest views on this very challenging but still little understood topic.

According to Richard Fisher, head of NASA’s Heliophysics Division: “Earth and space are about to come into contact in a way that’s new to human history. I believe we’re on the threshold of a new era in which space weather can be as influential in our daily lives as ordinary terrestrial weather. We take this very seriously indeed.”

For a long time, we believed that we inhabited a gravity-driven universe. But according to Rennison, among others, it is more accurate to say that we live in an electromagnetic universe.

Thousands of scientists are currently studying the behaviour of the sun to predict space weather. Plasma and particle bursts can and have disrupted satellites, high-frequency radio communications, GPS systems and power grids, etc., and looking at the rather turbulent life our sun is presently leading, more is on the way.

Most textbooks and literature about cosmology are completely out of date, so Rennison is informing people about why scientists studying space weather have had to abandon many of their former ideas. But the concept of an electromagnetic universe is already over a hundred years old, having been promoted by great Nobel Prize-winning minds like Hannes Alfvén.

Rennison thinks it is essential to realise that during severe space weather events, uncontrolled electric currents will flow through virtually everything on the planet. It will not help to discuss quantum mechanics. It is more important for people to realise that in the bombardment of planet Earth we are also receiving ‘dark energy’ and ‘dark matter’.

Although scientists have tried to understand how this will affect the Earth, Rennison claims that the discussion of the astronomical impact is still based on an outdated point of view. Furthermore, Rennison is convinced, based not only on traditional views, but also on scientific evidence, that the Sun’s outbursts also effect our bodies and minds.

In that respect, are all the world’s crises a sign that something really has to change in our way of thinking and acting? Susan Joy Rennison will discuss the latest press releases from NASA and ESA and other books and articles published since she wrote her book “Tuning the Diamonds” in 2006, on the relation between electromagnetism and spirituality.

Since then, many of her ideas have become reality as Space Weather is becoming more and more of an issue in everyday life. Although hardly discussed in the media, Space Weather is strongly affecting our life. Both in the technology we use and in our bodies, which are after all electromagnetic systems as well. There is, Rennison states, a serious problem with the electromagnetic understanding of the human body. Most scientist prefer people to think of themselves in terms of chemicals. Yet DNA is a nanotube that obeys quantum mechanical laws. Progress in DNA research has shown that DNA behaves in a much more adaptable way than earlier assumed. The sun has an enormous influence on our technology as well as on our bodies and minds!

In-Joy!

Topics: Space weather gets serious, protecting our planet, space weather defined, CME’s, soar x-ray flux, solar wind/cme shockwaves, magnetars – solar flares on steroids, imapcts on aviation, space weather impacts on critical infrastructure, Van Allen belts, Carrington Event, increase in electrical fires, how space weather affects real time technology,space weather observing systems, local interstellar environment in the Milky Way galaxy, energetic neurtal atom emission, stardust, changes in the solar system, NASA says moon is electric, dark matter, metaphysical expression, ultraviolet vision, etherial solar particles shooting thru earth, Chi, dark matters impact on human tissue, rivers turning blood red, esoteric historical perspectives, mystics warnings, Ophiucus Constellation, integrating and ingiting the Diamond Ray Flame and much more!! 

2+ hour presentation at Delft Technical University, The Netherlands on Wednesday 5th February, 2014.

Topics: Incoming cosmic rays, Lloyd’s of London warning to business owners, equatorial electrojet, zombie satellites, lightning storm gamma rays, Milky Way galaxy, structure of local interstellar medium, cosmic dust, spiral and daylight aurora’s, noctilucent clouds, truhin/trumpet pillars of light, surreal columns of light, cosmic radiation striking earth like laser beams, sinkholes, venus transit, earths magnetic poles, fire in the sky, terrestrial gamma ray flashes & antimatter, CArl Jungs warning on the transformation of the collective psyche, the Tulli papyrus, magnetic fields, shadow bioshpere, noosphere, global consciousness project, the rainbow bridge, changes in placebo effect, Golden energy, synesthesia, light codes and more….

3 hour evening presentation organised by Delft Technical University, The Netherlands on Monday 31st January, 2011.

Topics: The sun, solar cycles, magnetosphere anomalies, solar winds, heliospheric current, cosmic rays, gamma ray bursts,  magnetar candidates, geomagneitc storms, social and economic impacts, transformation of the solar system, space junk, electromagnetic universe and much more!

Student 1 hour presentation at Delft Technical University,
The Netherlands on Monday 31st January, 2011.

Executive Order — Coordinating Efforts to Prepare the Nation for Space Weather Events


Image result for white house

EXECUTIVE ORDER
– – – – – – –
COORDINATING EFFORTS TO PREPARE
THE NATION FOR SPACE WEATHER EVENTS

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and to prepare the Nation for space weather events, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Policy. Space weather events, in the form of solar flares, solar energetic particles, and geomagnetic disturbances, occur regularly, some with measurable effects on critical infrastructure systems and technologies, such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), satellite operations and communication, aviation, and the electrical power grid. Extreme space weather events — those that could significantly degrade critical infrastructure — could disable large portions of the electrical power grid, resulting in cascading failures that would affect key services such as water supply, healthcare, and transportation. Space weather has the potential to simultaneously affect and disrupt health and safety across entire continents. Successfully preparing for space weather events is an all-of-nation endeavor that requires partnerships across governments, emergency managers, academia, the media, the insurance industry, non-profits, and the private sector.

It is the policy of the United States to prepare for space weather events to minimize the extent of economic loss and human hardship. The Federal Government must have (1) the capability to predict and detect a space weather event, (2) the plans and programs necessary to alert the public and private sectors to enable mitigating actions for an impending space weather event, (3) the protection and mitigation plans, protocols, and standards required to reduce risks to critical infrastructure prior to and during a credible threat, and (4) the ability to respond to and recover from the effects of space weather. Executive departments and agencies (agencies) must coordinate their efforts to prepare for the effects of space weather events.

Sec. 2. Objectives. This order defines agency roles and responsibilities and directs agencies to take specific actions to prepare the Nation for the hazardous effects of space weather. These activities are to be implemented in conjunction with those identified in the 2015 National Space Weather Action Plan (Action Plan) and any subsequent updates. Implementing this order and the Action Plan will require the Federal Government to work across agencies and to develop, as appropriate, enhanced and innovative partnerships with State, tribal, and local governments; academia; non-profits; the private sector; and international partners. These efforts will enhance national preparedness and speed the creation of a space-weather-ready Nation.

Sec. 3. Coordination. (a) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), in consultation with the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), shall coordinate the development and implementation of Federal Government activities to prepare the Nation for space weather events, including the activities established in section 5 of this order and the recommendations of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), established by Executive Order 12881 of November 23, 1993 (Establishment of the National Science and Technology Council).

(b) To ensure accountability for and coordination of research, development, and implementation of activities identified in this order and in the Action Plan, the NSTC shall establish a Space Weather Operations, Research, and Mitigation Subcommittee (Subcommittee). The Subcommittee member agencies shall conduct activities to advance the implementation of this order, to achieve the goals identified in the 2015 National Space Weather Strategy and any subsequent updates, and to coordinate and monitor the implementation of the activities specified in the Action Plan and provide subsequent updates.

Sec. 4. Roles and Responsibilities. To the extent permitted by law, the agencies below shall adopt the following roles and responsibilities, which are key to ensuring enhanced space weather forecasting, situational awareness, space weather preparedness, and continuous Federal Government operations during and after space weather events.

(a) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure the timely provision of operational space weather observations, analyses, forecasts, and other products to support the mission of the Department of Defense and coalition partners, including the provision of alerts and warnings for space weather phenomena that may affect weapons systems, military operations, or the defense of the United States.

(b) The Secretary of the Interior shall support the research, development, deployment, and operation of capabilities that enhance the understanding of variations of the Earth’s magnetic field associated with solar-terrestrial interactions.

(c) The Secretary of Commerce shall:

(i) provide timely and accurate operational space weather forecasts, watches, warnings, alerts, and real-time space weather monitoring for the government, civilian, and commercial sectors, exclusive of the responsibilities of the Secretary of Defense; and

(ii) ensure the continuous improvement of operational space weather services, utilizing partnerships, as appropriate, with the research community, including academia and the private sector, and relevant agencies to develop, validate, test, and transition space weather observation platforms and models from research to operations and from operations to research.

(d) The Secretary of Energy shall facilitate the protection and restoration of the reliability of the electrical power grid during a presidentially declared grid security emergency associated with a geomagnetic disturbance pursuant to 16 U.S.C. 824o-1.

(e) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall:

(i) ensure the timely redistribution of space weather alerts and warnings that support national preparedness, continuity of government, and continuity of operations; and

(ii) coordinate response and recovery from the effects of space weather events on critical infrastructure and the broader community.

(f) The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) shall:

(i) implement and support a national research program to understand the Sun and its interactions with Earth and the solar system to advance space weather modeling and prediction capabilities applicable to space weather forecasting;

(ii) develop and operate space-weather-related research missions, instrument capabilities, and models; and

(iii) support the transition of space weather models and technology from research to operations and from operations to research.

(g) The Director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) shall support fundamental research linked to societal needs for space weather information through investments and partnerships, as appropriate.

(h) The Secretary of State, in consultation with the heads of relevant agencies, shall carry out diplomatic and public diplomacy efforts to strengthen global capacity to respond to space weather events.

(i) The Secretaries of Defense, the Interior, Commerce, Transportation, Energy, and Homeland Security, along with the Administrator of NASA and the Director of NSF, shall work together, consistent with their ongoing activities, to develop models, observation systems, technologies, and approaches that inform and enhance national preparedness for the effects of space weather events, including how space weather events may affect critical infrastructure and change the threat landscape with respect to other hazards.

(j) The heads of all agencies that support National Essential Functions, defined by Presidential Policy Directive 40 (PPD-40) of July 15, 2016 (National Continuity Policy), shall ensure that space weather events are adequately addressed in their all-hazards preparedness planning, including mitigation, response, and recovery, as directed by PPD-8 of March 30, 2011 (National Preparedness).

(k) NSTC member agencies shall coordinate through the NSTC to establish roles and responsibilities beyond those identified in section 4 of this order to enhance space weather preparedness, consistent with each agency’s legal authority.

Sec. 5. Implementation. (a) Within 120 days of the date of this order, the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall develop a plan to test and evaluate available devices that mitigate the effects of geomagnetic disturbances on the electrical power grid through the development of a pilot program that deploys such devices, in situ, in the electrical power grid. After the development of the plan, the Secretary shall implement the plan in collaboration with industry. In taking action pursuant to this subsection, the Secretaries of Energy and Homeland Security shall consult with the Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

(b) Within 120 days of the date of this order, the heads of the sector-specific agencies that oversee the lifeline critical infrastructure functions as defined by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan of 2013 — including communications, energy, transportation, and water and wastewater systems — as well as the Nuclear Reactors, Materials, and Waste Sector, shall assess their executive and statutory authority, and limits of that authority, to direct, suspend, or control critical infrastructure operations, functions, and services before, during, and after a space weather event. The heads of each sector-specific agency shall provide a summary of these assessments to the Subcommittee.

(c) Within 90 days of receipt of the assessments ordered in section 5(b) of this order, the Subcommittee shall provide a report on the findings of these assessments with recommendations to the Director of OSTP, the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism, and the Director of OMB. The assessments may be used to inform the development and implementation of policy establishing authorities and responsibilities for agencies in response to a space weather event.

(d) Within 60 days of the date of this order, the Secretaries of Defense and Commerce, the Administrator of NASA, and the Director of NSF, in collaboration with other agencies as appropriate, shall identify mechanisms for advancing space weather observations, models, and predictions, and for sustaining and transitioning appropriate capabilities from research to operations and operations to research, collaborating with industry and academia to the extent possible.

(e) Within 120 days of the date of this order, the Secretaries of Defense and Commerce shall make historical data from the GPS constellation and other U.S. Government satellites publicly available, in accordance with Executive Order 13642 of May 9, 2013 (Making Open and Machine Readable the New Default for Government Information), to enhance model validation and improvements in space weather forecasting and situational awareness.

(f) Within 120 days of the date of this order, the Secretary of Homeland Security, through the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and in coordination with relevant agencies, shall lead the development of a coordinated Federal operating concept and associated checklist to coordinate Federal assets and activities to respond to notification of, and protect against, impending space weather events. Within 180 days of the publication of the operating concept and checklist, agencies shall develop operational plans documenting their procedures and responsibilities to prepare for, protect against, and mitigate the effects of impending space weather events, in support of the Federal operating concept and compatible with the National Preparedness System described in PPD-8.

Sec. 6. Stakeholder Engagement. The agencies identified in this order shall seek public-private and international collaborations to enhance observation networks, conduct research, develop prediction models and mitigation approaches, enhance community resilience and preparedness, and supply the services necessary to protect life and property and promote economic prosperity, as consistent with law.

Sec. 7. Definitions. As used in this order:

(a) “Prepare” and “preparedness” have the same meaning they have in PPD-8. They refer to the actions taken to plan, organize, equip, train, and exercise to build and sustain the capabilities necessary to prevent, protect against, mitigate the effects of, respond to, and recover from those threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the Nation. This includes the prediction and notification of space weather events.

(b) “Space weather” means variations in the space environment between the Sun and Earth (and throughout the solar system) that can affect technologies in space and on Earth. The primary types of space weather events are solar flares, solar energetic particles, and geomagnetic disturbances.

(c) “Solar flare” means a brief eruption of intense energy on or near the Sun’s surface that is typically associated with sunspots.

(d) “Solar energetic particles” means ions and electrons ejected from the Sun that are typically associated with solar eruptions.

(e) “Geomagnetic disturbance” means a temporary disturbance of Earth’s magnetic field resulting from solar activity.

(f) “Critical infrastructure” has the meaning provided in section 1016(e) of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 (42 U.S.C. 5195c(e)), namely systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters.

(g) “Sector-Specific Agency” means the agencies designated under PPD-21 of February 12, 2013 (Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience), or any successor directive, to be responsible for providing institutional knowledge and specialized expertise as well as leading, facilitating, or supporting the security and resilience programs and associated activities of its designated critical infrastructure sector in the all-hazards environment. Sec. 8. General Provisions.

(a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an agency, or the head thereof; or (ii) the functions of the Director of OMB relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

 

BARACK OBAMA

 

THE WHITE HOUSE,
October 13, 2016.

 

https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/10/13/executive-order-coordinating-efforts-prepare-nation-space-weather-events

NASA Speechless! ENORMOUS Mystery Space Object Outshines Galaxy! 6/16/16


Secureteam10 is your source for reporting the best in new UFO sighting news, information on the government coverup, and the alien activity happening on and off of our planet. Send us YOUR footage by visiting the contact links below, and help us continue the good fight for disclosure!
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ALL footage used is either done under the express permission of the original owner, or is public domain and falls under Fair Use for commentary/research/news reporting purposes under current copyright rules.

Second gravitational wave detected from ancient black hole collision


 

Following February’s historic announcement, LIGO has again spotted ripples in the fabric of spacetime, from the collision of a second set of black holes

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This image depicts two black holes just moments before they collided and merged with each other, releasing energy in the form of gravitational waves. Illustration: Numerical Simulations: S. Ossokine/A. Buonanno/Max Planck Institute/SXS project. Visualization: T. Dietrich/R. Haas/Max Planck Institute

 

Ian Sample Science editor
@iansample

Wednesday 15 June 2016 13.15 EDT

Physicists have detected ripples in the fabric of spacetime that were set in motion by the collision of two black holes far across the universe more than a billion years ago.

The event marks only the second time that scientists have spotted gravitational waves, the tenuous stretching and squeezing of spacetime predicted by Einstein more a century ago.

The faint signal received by the twin instruments of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory (LIGO) in the US revealed two black holes circling one another 27 times before finally smashing together at half the speed of light.

The cataclysmic event saw the black holes, one eight times more massive than the sun, the other 14 times more massive, merge into one about 21 times heavier than the sun. In the process, energy equivalent to the mass of the sun radiated into space as gravitational waves.

An animated gravitational waves explainer from the University of Birmingham.

“This is confirmation that there’s a real population of black holes out there waiting to be detected in the future,” said John Veitch, an astrophysicist on the LIGO team at the University of Birmingham.

In February, researchers on the instrument made the historic announcement that they had picked up gravitational waves for the first time. The twin pieces of equipment, one in Hanford, Washington state, the other in Livingston, Louisiana, recorded the ripples in September 2015 as minuscule distortions in laser beams sent down 4km-long tubes. The detectors are so sensitive they can pick up changes in length one thousandth the diameter of a proton.

Writing in the journal Physical Review Letters on Wednesday, the LIGO team describes how a second rush of gravitational waves showed up in their instrument a few months after the first, at 3.38am UK time on Boxing Day morning 2015. An automatic search detected the signals and emailed the LIGO scientists within minutes to alert them.

“Everyone was still flabbergasted by the first discovery. We were writing up papers and preparing for them to be released when we had this second one. We thought ‘phew!’, it’s definitely real!” said Veitch. Another apparent signal received in October has not yet been verified.

The latest signals arrived at the Livingston detector 1.1milliseconds before they hit the Hanford detector, allowing scientists on the team to roughly work out the position of the collision in the sky. At least one of the black holes was spinning.

Closed for upgrade work in January this year, LIGO is expected to switch back on in the autumn with improvements that will nearly double the amount of the universe it can observe.

According to Will Farr, another LIGO researcher at Birmingham, pairs of black holes slam into one another on average once every 15 minutes in the observable universe.

“For me, the first detection broke everything wide open, but there was always the possibility that we had got phenomenally lucky. With the second signal it’s clear we are starting to see a population. We are going to see many of more of these in the next run,” he said.

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2016/jun/15/gravitational-waves-detected-from-collision-of-second-set-of-black-holes-ligo?CMP=Share_iOSApp_Other

Corey Goode and Cobra Joint Interview Part 1 & 2


This is a joint Cobra and Corey interview by Rob Potter. This video is the original and contains many amazing photos of the secret space program. You can see the transcript and the links to a wonderful amount of knowledge on http://www.ThePromiseRevealed.com These is also info from Corey that I thought was incorrect. Corey has corrected me and the transcript is clear on that. You can also see pictures of the bush Nazi connection as well as links in the introduction which is expanded in the intro. This video is copyrighted and ripoffs will be flagged and in social media content will be removed.

In the first interview they discussed the need for uniting the alternative news community in a major push for FULL Disclosure, so I’m still a bit dismayed with Rob for disabling the embedding functions for Part One and not allowing the free flow of information. For that reason, it was not published here when the interview was released on May 13, 2016. Go HERE if you wish to listen to Part One.

Corey Goode and Cobra Joint Interview Part 2
Source: http://thepromiserevealed.com

“Rods from God”METEOR – Mysterious Roar And Light In The Sky Wake Mexican City 21 May 2016


Note: This “bolide meteor” appears to be military weapon called the “Rod from God”, as described at the link below by physicist Jim McCanney where he explains how to tell the difference between a real meteor and a fake meteor launched from space based weaponry. Carol Rosen also talked about the “asteroid threat” that would be followed by the alien threat, and at this point it looks like they’ve begun to launch “the program” because I’ve seen several of these RoG’s in other video’s recently. Jim claims the 2013 bolide that exploded over Russia was a RoG.

There are several “real meteors” peppered thru the compilation video from SOTT below, which show the contrast between a military bolide and a cosmic based bolide meteor. The real ones don’t have a tail that looks like a rod, the tail is short and dissipates quickly. Have a great week, blessings {~A~}

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METEOR – Mysterious Roar And Light In The Sky Wake Mexican City 21 May 2016

PUEBLA, MEXICO: Residents in a Mexican city woke in fright before dawn on Saturday to bright light in the sky and then a thunderous noise, fearing a nearby volcano had suddenly erupted.

But officials said Popocatepetl volcano had not stirred and no earthquake had registered.

Instead, the phenomena witnessed by the inhabitants of Puebla de Zaragoza, a city of three million people 50 kilometers (30 miles) from Mexico City, was “most likely a meteor,” the local Astronomic Society tweeted.

The rock from space probably burned up in the atmosphere and no impact was detected, it explained.

“It was horrible, we thought it was the volcano, but it wasn’t,” said one resident, Emma Chavez.

“There was a light that shone for a couple of seconds like it was daytime and then there was tremendous thunder.”

Another resident, Alvaro Morales, said: “It was really strong. Windows were shaking. We thought it was an earthquake, but it wasn’t. There was a sound like an explosion. We were truly terrified.”

Jim McCanney Science Hour May 19, 2016 – Rods from God

 

SOTT Earth Changes Summary – April 2016: Extreme Weather, Planetary Upheaval, Meteor Fireballs

An Important and Quick Look at What is Going on Over Our Heads!! PROJECT INCENSION


PROJECT INCENSION: Interviewing: Miq’mac elder, former sgt. pattie l brassard, US Army Freedom Team/ NASA Contractor Black Projects Contractor, Computer Communications and karen ann lucyk macdonald, her grace thirteenth white bear klan mother on (An Important and Quick Look at What is Going on Over Our Heads)!!

Latest 2016 Nibiru, Pole Shift, Military DUMBS, Vatican Leaks, SOHO Spaceships, Bob Evans


Bob Evans brings a treasure trove of information during this podcast. Photographs, Documents, History, all weaved together, from the Summerian tablets to SOHO images of what looks like enormous space craft parked next to the sun. Information about leaks from the Vatican about Nibiru and high ranking Politicians. Check out Bobs work at http://www.starshipsaroundthesun.com

A source accelerating Galactic cosmic rays to unprecedented energy discovered at the center of the Milky Way


Date:
March 17, 2016
Source:
CEA
Summary:
For more than ten years the H.E.S.S. observatory in Namibia, run by an international collaboration of 42 institutions in 12 countries, has been mapping the center of our galaxy in very-high-energy gamma rays. These gamma rays are produced by cosmic rays from the innermost region of the Galaxy. A detailed analysis of the latest H.E.S.S. data reveals for the first time a source of this cosmic radiation at energies never observed before in the Milky Way: the supermassive black hole at the center of the Galaxy, likely to accelerate cosmic rays to energies 100 times larger than those achieved at the largest terrestrial particle accelerator

The centre of our galaxy is home to many objects capable of producing cosmic rays of high energy, including, in particular, a supernova remnant, a pulsar wind nebula, and a compact cluster of massive stars.
Credit: Image courtesy of CEA

For more than ten years the H.E.S.S. observatory in Namibia, run by an international collaboration of 42 institutions in 12 countries, has been mapping the centre of our galaxy in very-high-energy gamma rays. These gamma rays are produced by cosmic rays from the innermost region of the Galaxy. A detailed analysis of the latest H.E.S.S. data, published on 16th March 2016 in Nature, reveals for the first time a source of this cosmic radiation at energies never observed before in the Milky Way: the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Galaxy, likely to accelerate cosmic rays to energies 100 times larger than those achieved at the largest terrestrial particle accelerator, the LHC at CERN.

The Earth is constantly bombarded by high energy particles (protons, electrons and atomic nuclei) of cosmic origin, particles that comprise the so-called “cosmic radiation.” These “cosmic rays” are electrically charged, and are hence strongly deflected by the interstellar magnetic fields that pervade our galaxy. Their path through the cosmos is randomised by these deflections, making it impossible to directly identify the astrophysical sources responsible for their production. Thus, for more than a century, the origin of the cosmic rays remains one of the most enduring mysteries of science.

Fortunately, cosmic rays interact with light and gas in the neighbourhood of their sources, producing gamma rays. These gamma rays travel in straight lines, undeflected by magnetic fields, and can therefore be traced back to their origin. When a very-high-energy gamma ray reaches the Earth, it interacts with a molecule in the upper atmosphere, producing a shower of secondary particles that emit a short pulse of “Cherenkov light.” By detecting these flashes of light using telescopes equipped with large mirrors, sensitive photo-detectors, and fast electronics, more than 100 sources of very-high-energy gamma rays have been identified over the past three decades. The H.E..S.S. (High Energy Stereoscopic System) observatory in Namibia represents the latest generation of such telescope arrays. It is operated by scientists from 42 institutions in 12 countries, with major contributions by MPIK Heidelberg, Germany, CEA and CNRS, France.

Today we know that cosmic rays with energies up to approximately 100 teraelectronvolts (TeV)1 are produced in our galaxy, by objects such as supernova remnants and pulsar wind nebulae. Theoretical arguments and direct measurements of cosmic rays reaching the Earth indicate, however, that the cosmic-ray factories in our galaxy should be able to provide particles up to one petaelectronvolt (PeV)2 at least. While many multi-TeV accelerators have been discovered in recent years, so far the search for the sources of the highest energy Galactic cosmic rays has, so far, been unsuccessful.

Detailed observations of the Galactic centre region, made by H.E.S.S. over the past ten years, and published today in the journal Nature, finally provide direct indications for such PeV cosmic-ray acceleration. During the first three years of observations, H.E.S.S. uncovered a very powerful point source of gamma rays in the galactic-centre region, as well as diffuse gamma-ray emission from the giant molecular clouds that surround it in a region approximately 500 light years across. These molecular clouds are bombarded by cosmic rays moving at close to the speed of light, which produce gamma rays through their interactions with the matter in the clouds. A remarkably good spatial coincidence between the observed gamma rays and the density of material in the clouds indicated the presence of one or more accelerators of cosmic rays in that region. However, the nature of the source remained a mystery.

Deeper observations obtained by H.E.S.S. between 2004 and 2013 shed new light on the processes powering the cosmic rays in this region. According to Aion Viana (MPIK, Heidelberg), “the unprecedented amount of data and progress made in analysis methodologies enables us to measure simultaneously the spatial distribution and the energy of the cosmic rays.” With these unique measurements, H.E.S.S. scientists are for the first time able to pinpoint the source of these particles: “Somewhere within the central 33 light years of the Milky Way there is an astrophysical source capable of accelerating protons to energies of about one petaelectronvolt, continuously for at least 1,000 years,” says Emmanuel Moulin (CEA, Saclay). In analogy to the “Tevatron,” the first human-built accelerator that reached energies of 1 TeV, this new class of cosmic accelerator has been dubbed a “Pevatron.” “With H.E.S.S. we are now able to trace the propagation of PeV protons in the central region of the Galaxy,” adds Stefano Gabici (CNRS, Paris).

The centre of our galaxy is home to many objects capable of producing cosmic rays of high energy, including, in particular, a supernova remnant, a pulsar wind nebula, and a compact cluster of massive stars. However, “the supermassive black hole located at the centre of the Galaxy, called Sgr A*, is the most plausible source of the PeV protons,” says Felix Aharonian (MPIK, Heidelberg and DIAS, Dublin), adding that, “several possible acceleration regions can be considered, either in the immediate vicinity of the black hole, or further away, where a fraction of the material falling into the black hole is ejected back into the environment, thereby initiating the acceleration of particles.”

The H.E.S.S. measurement of the gamma-ray emission can be used to infer the spectrum of the protons that have been accelerated by the central black hole — revealing that Sgr A* is very likely accelerating protons to PeV energies. Currently, these protons cannot account for the total flux of cosmic rays detected at the Earth. “If, however, our central black hole was more active in the past,” the scientists argue, “then it could indeed be responsible for the bulk of the Galactic cosmic rays that are observed today at the Earth.” If true, this would dramatically influence the century old debate concerning the origin of these enigmatic particles.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by CEA. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. A. Abramowski, F. Aharonian, F. Ait Benkhali, A. G. Akhperjanian, E. O. Angüner, M. Backes, A. Balzer, Y. Becherini, J. Becker Tjus, D. Berge, S. Bernhard, K. Bernlöhr, E. Birsin, R. Blackwell, M. Böttcher, C. Boisson, J. Bolmont, P. Bordas, J. Bregeon, F. Brun, P. Brun, M. Bryan, T. Bulik, J. Carr, S. Casanova, N. Chakraborty, R. Chalme-Calvet, R. C. G. Chaves, A. Chen, M. Chrétien, S. Colafrancesco, G. Cologna, J. Conrad, C. Couturier, Y. Cui, I. D. Davids, B. Degrange, C. Deil, P. deWilt, A. Djannati-Ataï, W. Domainko, A. Donath, L. O’C. Drury, G. Dubus, K. Dutson, J. Dyks, M. Dyrda, T. Edwards, K. Egberts, P. Eger, J.-P. Ernenwein, P. Espigat, C. Farnier, S. Fegan, F. Feinstein, M. V. Fernandes, D. Fernandez, A. Fiasson, G. Fontaine, A. Förster, M. Füßling, S. Gabici, M. Gajdus, Y. A. Gallant, T. Garrigoux, G. Giavitto, B. Giebels, J. F. Glicenstein, D. Gottschall, A. Goyal, M.-H. Grondin, M. Grudzińska, D. Hadasch, S. Häffner, J. Hahn, J. Hawkes, G. Heinzelmann, G. Henri, G. Hermann, O. Hervet, A. Hillert, J. A. Hinton, W. Hofmann, P. Hofverberg, C. Hoischen, M. Holler, D. Horns, A. Ivascenko, A. Jacholkowska, M. Jamrozy, M. Janiak, F. Jankowsky, I. Jung-Richardt, M. A. Kastendieck, K. Katarzyński, U. Katz, D. Kerszberg, B. Khélifi, M. Kieffer, S. Klepser, D. Klochkov, W. Kluźniak, D. Kolitzus, Nu. Komin, K. Kosack, S. Krakau, F. Krayzel, P. P. Krüger, H. Laffon, G. Lamanna, J. Lau, J. Lefaucheur, V. Lefranc, A. Lemiére, M. Lemoine-Goumard, J.-P. Lenain, T. Lohse, A. Lopatin, C.-C. Lu, R. Lui, V. Marandon, A. Marcowith, C. Mariaud, R. Marx, G. Maurin, N. Maxted, M. Mayer, P. J. Meintjes, U. Menzler, M. Meyer, A. M. W. Mitchell, R. Moderski, M. Mohamed, K. Morå, E. Moulin, T. Murach, M. de Naurois, J. Niemiec, L. Oakes, H. Odaka, S. Öttl, S. Ohm, B. Opitz, M. Ostrowski, I. Oya, M. Panter, R. D. Parsons, M. Paz Arribas, N. W. Pekeur, G. Pelletier, P.-O. Petrucci, B. Peyaud, S. Pita, H. Poon, H. Prokoph, G. Pühlhofer, M. Punch, A. Quirrenbach, S. Raab, I. Reichardt, A. Reimer, O. Reimer, M. Renaud, R. de los Reyes, F. Rieger, C. Romoli, S. Rosier-Lees, G. Rowell, B. Rudak, C. B. Rulten, V. Sahakian, D. Salek, D. A. Sanchez, A. Santangelo, M. Sasaki, R. Schlickeiser, F. Schüssler, A. Schulz, U. Schwanke, S. Schwemmer, A. S. Seyffert, R. Simoni, H. Sol, F. Spanier, G. Spengler, F. Spies, Ł. Stawarz, R. Steenkamp, C. Stegmann, F. Stinzing, K. Stycz, I. Sushch, J.-P. Tavernet, T. Tavernier, A. M. Taylor, R. Terrier, M. Tluczykont, C. Trichard, R. Tuffs, K. Valerius, J. van der Walt, C. van Eldik, B. van Soelen, G. Vasileiadis, J. Veh, C. Venter, A. Viana, P. Vincent, J. Vink, F. Voisin, H. J. Völk, T. Vuillaume, S. J. Wagner, P. Wagner, R. M. Wagner, M. Weidinger, Q. Weitzel, R. White, A. Wierzcholska, P. Willmann, A. Wörnlein, D. Wouters, R. Yang, V. Zabalza, D. Zaborov, M. Zacharias, A. A. Zdziarski, A. Zech, F. Zefi, N. Żywucka, HESS Collaboration. Acceleration of petaelectronvolt protons in the Galactic Centre. Nature, 2016; DOI: 10.1038/nature17147

Cite This Page:

CEA. “A source accelerating Galactic cosmic rays to unprecedented energy discovered at the center of the Milky Way.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 March 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160317095013.htm>.

Feb 18, 2016 WSO UPDATE – Electrical Discharges Hawaii and ANOMALY UPDATES from ALL OVER WORLD


New footage from Hawaii showing electrical discharge. It is getting easier to see from South Pole! Also, new link for seeing NASA surveys, where we saw the winged planet! We have images never before seen from subscribers around the world, and more pouring in.

Links:
https://sandcastlesforall.wordpress.c… Earth is Tipsy

https://sandcastlesforall.wordpress.c…

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8ez7… Teresa Large panet in west

http://www.sciencechannel.com/tv-show…

http://www.addicted-sports.com/webcam…

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0oA6G…

Sun Freak in Hawaii

http://strangesounds.org/2016/02/myst…

Link to NASA sky surveys: http://skyview.gsfc.nasa.gov/current/…

Incoming dwarf star system, news brief, information, clarification.


Note: Alex Collier recently gave us the same feedback on an incoming planetary body…along with many other reports and sightings of what appears to be a second sun appearing next to the sun at dusk and dawn. Not to mention all the incoming meteors and fireballs whizzing by and falling to earth over the last several years. It’s beginning to look like there’s something big in the solar system that will cause perturbations on Earth, so as we move forward into March and beyond…be spiritually and physically prepared for the expected unexpected.

Much love, {~A~}

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

X-1204-1X

http://www.andromedacouncil.com

NASA space data supports citizens’ observations: Meteor fireballs are increasing exponentially


© Sott.net
Another spectacular meteor fireball explodes high above Bangkok, Thailand on November 2nd, 2015

SOTT.net last looked in detail at the frequency of meteor fireballs in 2013, using the data garnered by the American Meteor Society (AMS). SOTT.net pointed out the increasing frequency of fireballs1, and asked the question: “What does 2014 have in store?

Well, the results are in, and the answer is simple: comparing 2014 to 2013, the frequency of fireballs increased by 120%. Comparing 2015 to 2014, fireballs increased by 20%. That is a significant increase, and it should be generating a lot of attention. If it is, then it’s being done very quietly behind closed doors.

Since October 2013, the web site spaceweather.com has published daily data from NASA’s All-Sky Fireball Network, which observes, and daily reports, fireball activity over the US.2

I have collated both sets of data – from NASA and the AMS – to produce the following graphs, taking into account that each dataset relies on different definitions of ‘meteor fireball’. Click on the graphs to view them at full size.

© Dr M.A. Rose
Overall increase in meteor fireballs over the US in the last decade

Because we are using two datasets, there can be some incongruity for the 2013-2014 data. Nevertheless, the pattern is congruent: from 2010 onwards, the frequency of fireballs has been increasing each year in an exponential fashion. Such a change is significant and should be generating a lot of media attention and a lot of activity in near space observation.

The most significant way to plot the data is via a 12-month rolling average, which smooths out ‘noise’ and demonstrates any significant changes that have occurred. From mid-2010, the average number of fireballs significantly increased, until late 2015 when the rolling average stabilised.

Collating the data into a 6-month rolling average reveals the asymmetric distribution across the year. Fireballs are occurring at higher numbers in the latter part of the year. This difference in distribution significantly increased after 2013. That is, one part of space is becoming dense with dust and rocks, and Earth (and other planets in the inner solar system) are moving through this area of space every year.

© Dr M.A. Rose
12-month rolling average of meteor fireballs over the US in the last decade

© Dr. M.A. Rose
6-month rolling average of meteor fireballs over the US in the last decade

Looking at NASA’s data month by month, we see that the fireball frequency is most concentrated in the months August to December. However, the numbers for June and July are also increasing significantly, suggesting that the area of space from which asteroid and comet debris is reaching Earth (or, alternatively, into which the solar system is moving), is increasing in size:

© Dr. M.A. Rose
NASA-observed fireballs increasing over the last three years

Where there is meteor smoke, there are asteroids

NASA has also published data for near-Earth asteroid (NEA) discoveries since 1995.3 Their data shows a consistent increase in asteroid numbers from 1998-2013, and significant increases for 2014 and 2015, which shadows the big increases in fireballs observed over those two years.

© Dr M.A. Rose
Increase in Near Earth Asteroids in last two decades

Another remarkable change is the increase, since 2000, in the outer planets’ new moons/satellites.4 Jupiter and Saturn appear to have effectively shielded the planets in the inner solar system by trapping the larger ‘rocks’ in their gravitational fields, in the process gaining new moons:

© Dr. M.A. Rose
Increase in the number of satellites acquired by the outer planets of the solar system

This might be related to the decline, since 2000, in new discoveries of large NEAs (rocks greater than 1km in diameter):

© Dr. M.A. Rose

To summarize, here’s what we can deduce from these datasets:

  1. The number of fireballs being observed has slowly increased over the years 2000-2011. Thereafter, their numbers increased rapidly, and moreover, the very rapid increase came from a specific area of space. Most occurred during the period August to December. 2014 and 2015 saw major increases in fireball numbers
  2. NEA numbers have been observed since 1995. From 1998-2013 the number of new NEAs discovered has relentlessly increased, with major increases in 2014 and 2015. The pattern matches that of the recorded fireballs
  3. The number of discoveries of large NEAs peaked in 2000, then declined to 2010, and plateaued out thereafter
  4. Saturn and Jupiter began increasing their number of moons circa 2000/2001, and the numbers stabilized around 2010

It would be interesting to plot the positions of the large outer planets relative to Earth over this time period, and determine whether the decrease in large NEAs in 2000 is connected to the increase of moons around the outer planets – that is, whether the outer planets, when in the right part of space, capture the larger rocks/asteroids.

More intense meteor showers and more sporadics

We have a limited database from NASA, but the following meteor showers revealed significantly increased fireball numbers for 2015 as compared with 2014:

  • Perseids – from Comet 109P Swift-Tuttle
  • Northern Taurids – Debris from Comet Encke. The Taurids and Encke are thought to be part of a much larger comet that disintegrated over the past 20,000-30,000 years. Planetary perturbations have split the debris stream into two observable showers (Northern & Southern).

The 2013 data only covers the latter part of the year. The following meteor showers showed significant increasing fireball numbers for 2014 as compared with 2013, but showed no significant increase for 2015 vs 2014:

  • Geminids – Unlike most meteor showers, the Geminids are not associated with a comet but with Asteroid 3200 Phaethon
  • Perseids – Comet 109P Swift Tuttle
  • Orionids – Debris from Comet 1P Halley
  • Sigma Hydrids – Showed increasing Fireball numbers across each year
  • Sigma Hydrids – Faint shower. The meteors are said to have a “Perseid-type velocity.” It is assumed that the source was a long-period comet and these are the last remnants of its tail

Keep in mind, however, that the vast majority of fireballs are classed as ‘sporadics’, i.e. they are not identified with any known meteor shower. They may occur during the same time period as a named meteor shower, but travel in different directions and occur in different parts of the sky.

© Dr. M.A. Rose
NASA’s identification of fireballs since
October 2013. Note that the vast majority of them could not be associated with known meteor streams…

© Dr. M.A. Rose
From 2014 to 2015 NASA registered a more than 3-fold increase in fireballs identified as Perseids

© Dr. M.A. Rose
From 2013 to 2014 NASA registered a more than 2-fold increase in fireballs identified as Geminids and Leonids

© Dr. M.A. Rose
From 2013 to 2014 NASA registered a 2-fold increase in fireballs identified as Taurids. From 2014 to 2015 there was a more then 3-fold increase

© Dr. M.A. Rose

2015 finished with about 20% more fireballs compared to 2014:

© Dr. M.A. Rose

What’s up (in space)?

So it appears that one of a couple of things is happening:

  • The solar system is moving into an area of space where it is encountering a higher density of rocks/asteroids, along with the debris trails of some comets, e.g. Encke
  • Or something a la ‘Nemesis’5 is approaching the inner solar system and perturbing comets/asteroids from the Kuiper Belt and/or the Oort Cloud.
  • The two scenarios are not mutually exclusive: the first scenario could also trigger the second.

The ‘Nemesis’ hypothesis6,7 proposes that the Sun has a companion star – a brown or red dwarf – in a highly elliptical orbit that periodically disturbs comets/asteroids in the Oort Cloud, causing a large increase in the number of comets visiting the inner solar system, and a consequential increase in impact events on Earth.

No ‘Nemesis’ twin sun has yet been detected by NASA’s WISE (Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer) telescope – or so we’re told – but WISE has discovered several brown dwarfs in neighboring star systems.8

More recently, Napier et.al.9 published a paper highlighting the significance of Centaurs in the Oort Cloud. Centaurs are giant comets in the trans-Neptunian region, which if displaced into the main solar system, could disintegrate and lead to intermittent but prolonged bombardment of inner solar system planets, for up to 100,000 years. Their opening paragraph is worth reproducing here:

Do we live in dangerous times? The risks to civilization from impacts by asteroids and comets have been appreciated only in the past few decades. Programmes such as NASA’s Spaceguard observations seek to map near-Earth objects (NEOs) as a way to quantify the risk to Earth. But does the current count of NEOs reflect the population over time? We argue that the population is variable and that assessments of the extraterrestrial impact risk based solely on near-Earth asteroid counts underestimate its nature and magnitude for timescales of order 10,000 years, i.e. the interval of interest and concern to our civilization.

A more variable but significant threat comes from Centaurs, giant comets derived from the trans-Neptunian region that reach the inner solar system generally via short-term, dynamically unstable residence periods in the outer planetary region. The disintegration of such giant comets would produce intermittent but prolonged periods of bombardment lasting up to 100,000 years. Mass extinction/geological boundary events on Earth show such a pattern, as do levels of dust and meteoroids in the upper atmosphere. Over the past 10,000 years, Earth has been experiencing the intermittent arrival of dust, meteoroids and comet fragments from the disintegration of comet 2P/Encke, trapped within the orbit of Jupiter.

Napier et al further noted that, “All three major 20th-century impacts (Tunguska, British Guiana, Curuca River) coincided with our passage through major meteoroid streams (respectively, the Beta Taurids, Geminids and Perseids).” We currently have significant increases in fireballs among the Perseids and Northern Taurids.

I guess we shall just have to see what 2016 has in store, but so far, in early January, the pattern already appears to be… continued increase in fireballs:

© Dr. M.A. Rose

References

  1. ‘2013 saw a dramatic increase in meteor fireballs – What does 2014 have in store?’, Philipos Moustaki, SOTT.net, 12 January 2014
  2. NASA’s All Sky Fireball Network
  3. NASA’s Near Earth Object Program
  4. ‘Planetary Satellite Discovery Circumstances’ at NASA’s JPL
  5. ‘Nemesis: Does the Sun Have a ‘Companion’?’ Space.com, 25 March 2010
  6. Whitmire, D.P. & Jackson, A.A. (1984), ‘Are periodic mass extinctions driven by a distant solar companion?’. Nature 308 (5961): 713 – 715
  7. Davis M., Hut P., Muller R.A. (1984), ‘Extinction of species by periodic comet showers’. Nature 308 (5961): 715 – 717
  8. ‘NASA Discovers Coldest Brown Dwarf Neighbor of the Sun’, space.com, 28 April 2014
  9. Bill Napier, David Asher, Mark Bailey & Duncan Steel, ‘Centaurs as a hazard to civilisation’, Astronomy & Geophysics 56.6 (2015), 18-23

http://sott.net/en309988

Solar Storms Target Earth: Two Earth-Directed CME Events


A pair of CMEs billowed away from the sun on Dec. 16th, and at least one of them appears to be heading for Earth. Propelled in our direction by an erupting filament of magnetism, the storm cloud could produce G1-class geomagnetic storms when it arrives on Dec. 19th. http://spaceweather.com/

Storm Watch Added: The WSA-ENLIL Solar Wind Prediction model released by the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center has been updated to include a pair of coronal mass ejections observed on Wednesday. An impact to our geomagnetic field is forecast for late Friday night (UTC) and into early Saturday morning. A minor (G1) geomagnetic storm watch has been added for the next 48 hours. Sky watchers at higher latitudes should be alert for visual aurora displays this weekend.
http://www.solarham.net/

G1 (MINOR) – G2 (MODERATE) GEOMAGNETIC STORMS LIKELY ON 18-19 DECEMBER
http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/news/g1-mino…

NOAA: TWO POSSIBLE EARTH-DIRECTED CME EVENTS ON 16 DECEMBER
Two coronal mass ejection (CME) events took place on 16 December. The first was associated with a C6 x-ray flare at 0903 UTC (0403 ET). The second was from a coronal disruption from the southeast quadrant of the Sun. The second CME was first seen in available coronagraph imagery at 1424 UTC (0924 ET).

Both CMEs have been analyzed as assymetric full-halo events and are expected to have Earth-directed components. Analysis and modeling is currently underway by SWPC forecasters to determine the geo-effectiveness of the CME events and adjust the forecast accordingly. http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/news/two-pos…
http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/
Solar Storms Target Earth: Two Earth-Directed CME Events

A pair of CMEs billowed away from the sun on Dec. 16th, and at least one of them appears to be heading for Earth. Propelled in our direction by an erupting filament of magnetism, the storm cloud could produce G1-class geomagnetic storms when it arrives on Dec. 19th. http://spaceweather.com/

Storm Watch Added: The WSA-ENLIL Solar Wind Prediction model released by the NOAA Space Weather Prediction Center has been updated to include a pair of coronal mass ejections observed on Wednesday. An impact to our geomagnetic field is forecast for late Friday night (UTC) and into early Saturday morning. A minor (G1) geomagnetic storm watch has been added for the next 48 hours. Sky watchers at higher latitudes should be alert for visual aurora displays this weekend.
http://www.solarham.net/

G1 (MINOR) – G2 (MODERATE) GEOMAGNETIC STORMS LIKELY ON 18-19 DECEMBER
http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/news/g1-mino&#8230;

NOAA: TWO POSSIBLE EARTH-DIRECTED CME EVENTS ON 16 DECEMBER
Two coronal mass ejection (CME) events took place on 16 December. The first was associated with a C6 x-ray flare at 0903 UTC (0403 ET). The second was from a coronal disruption from the southeast quadrant of the Sun. The second CME was first seen in available coronagraph imagery at 1424 UTC (0924 ET).

Both CMEs have been analyzed as assymetric full-halo events and are expected to have Earth-directed components. Analysis and modeling is currently underway by SWPC forecasters to determine the geo-effectiveness of the CME events and adjust the forecast accordingly. http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/news/two-pos&#8230;
http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/

Music credit: Lightning on a Blue Sky by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/&#8230;)
Artist: http://www.twinmusicom.org/
Music credit: Lightning on a Blue Sky by Twin Musicom is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution licence (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/…)
Artist: http://www.twinmusicom.org/

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