ELECTROPOLLUTION: The Unseen And Silent Cofactor Of So Much Chronic Disease And Acute Illness


 

 

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EMF Pollution: Man-Made EMF, Dirty Power, and AC magnetic fields

Larry Bowers
Sott.net

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© (Richard Box’s ‘FIELD’ February 2004 Photo: Stuart Bunce, http://www.richardbox.com) [With permission – Henshaw 1] Fluorescent tubes lit by overhead power line

This article is part two in a series of articles on EMF pollution. Part one on the background to EMF pollution is available here. We’ll now proceed with a detailed description of man-made sources of EMF (Electromagnetic Field), discuss past study results, and finish up with some suggestions for gauging your EMF exposure, and steps you can take to minimize it.

Chronic diseases have many potential causes, including genetics, deficient diet, toxin exposure, and repressed emotional expression. Research has mounted over the past two decades in support of adding EMF exposure to the top-level list of causes of chronic disease (including genome/DNA damage). It’s likely that a chronic disease condition results from a unique and individual combination of these top-level stressors, so EMF exposure should be considered in the context of other source causes, as suggested in Figure 1.

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Figure 1 EMF health effects in the context of diet and toxin exposure

Man-Made EMF

The primary man-made EMFs that have been identified are AC (alternating current) ELF (extra low frequency) electric/magnetic fields associated with power distribution, ‘dirty power’ (a negative by-product of our switch to ‘energy-efficient’ appliances, which produces ‘transients’ – electrical ‘spikes’ and ‘sags’) associated with high frequency noise induced in the power grid, and wireless RF (radio frequency) signals originating from a host communication systems – both commercial and military. Every year volumes of studies are published by researchers attempting to quantify the health risks associated with these man-made EMFs. After several decades of concerted study (and much money), the general public perception remains that little of substance has been proven linking EMF exposure with serious negative health consequences. A good part of the responsibility for this lies with the news media and their lack of motivation to inform the public of what these studies really show. Instead, the media plays a role more akin to concealing the truth and delivering lies – the kind we, collectively, prefer to hear.

But there is a complicating factor that detracts from many of these studies. Suppose you are studying the health impacts of cell phone use. You find a cohort/control group consisting of people that have never had or used a cell phone (a tough job in itself these days). You are going to base the results of your study on the health of this cell-free group. But what if some members of this group are exposed to strong dirty power EMF in their home or work environment? The negative health consequences of one kind of EMF exposure (dirty power in this example) dilute the study results of another (cell phone use), making it very difficult to isolate and quantify effects. Throw in more unknowns associated with diet, lifestyle and toxin exposure, and we can see that the control and study groups may have to be very large in order to even detect an EMF signal in the data – let alone quantify the risk. So, in many of these studies, large uncertainties are built-in from the very start.

For these reasons, Dr Samuel Milham decided to take a closer look at data from the turn of the twentieth century to 1960 to see whether or not gradual electrification of the US showed a link to rising deaths from chronic diseases. His results were published in Medical Hypotheses2. He says this about the sources of his data:

“US vital statistics tabulations and census records for 1920 – 1960, and historical US vital statistics documents were examined. Residential electrification data was available in the US census of population for 1930, 1940 and 1950. Crude urban and rural death rates were calculated, and death rates by state were correlated with electrification rates by state for urban and rural areas for 1940 white resident deaths.”

He gives a snapshot of US electrification progress by 1940:

“Thomas Edison began electrifying New York City in 1880, but by 1920, only 34.7% of all US dwelling units and 1.6% of farms had electric service. By 1940, 78% of all dwelling units and 32% of farms had electric service. This means that in 1940 about three quarters of the US population lived in electrified residences and one quarter did not. By 1940, the US vital registration system was essentially complete, in that all the 48 contiguous United States were included. Most large US cities were electrified by the turn of the century, and by 1940, over 90% of all the residences in the northeastern states and California were electrified. In 1940 almost all urban residents in the US were exposed to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) in their residences and at work, while rural residents were exposed to varying levels of EMFs, depending on the progress of rural electrification in their states.”

Milham states his hypothesis as follows:

“The diseases of civilization or lifestyle diseases include cardiovascular disease, cancer and diabetes and are thought to be caused by changes in diet, exercise habits, and lifestyle which occur as countries industrialize. I think the critical variable which causes the radical changes in mortality accompanying industrialization is electrification. … I suggest that from the time that Thomas Edison started his direct current electrical distribution system in the 1880s in New York City until now, when most of the world is electrified, the electricity carried high frequency voltage transients which caused and continue to cause what are considered to be the normal diseases of civilization. Even today, many of these diseases are absent or have very low incidence in places without electricity.”

That is a strong statement, but his data supports it. I have extracted some data from his paper and present it here in slightly different form in order to better summarize his results for this article. Figure 4 shows both the US cancer rate and percent electrification of residences from 1900 to 1960. The blue diamonds are the cancer rate in 5 year increments in deaths per 100,000 population, and the red squares show the corresponding percent electrification of all residences at the time.

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Figure 4 US Cancer Rate and Percent Electrification from 1900-1960 [Adapted from Milham2]

Both the diamonds and the squares (cancer rate and percent electrification) share the same left vertical scale. Notice that the peak in electrification reaches nearly 100% in 1956 and the peak in cancer rate is still rising after 1960. This lagging behavior is what you would expect from EMF-related cancer since many years of exposure are required. Keep in mind that over the time-frame in Figure 4, there were no cell phones, no WiFi, no digital communication signals of any kind. Analog TV only appeared at the end of this period. So power grid electrification was the only significant (man-made) EMF source.

It would be impossible to generate or replicate this kind of data in today’s environment. Milham maintains that this correlation strongly suggests causation (see his paper2 for correlation statistics). He also maintains that the causative EMF is noise transients on the power grid (dirty power). I think it’s likely that in many homes/businesses, AC magnetic fields also played a role but the two factors are inseparable in this data.

The dashed vertical line in Figure 4 passes through 1940 when 78% of all residences in the US were electrified. By demographics, these were mostly urban. That leaves 22% un-electrified – still a sizeable group of the rural population. Milham broke out the data by disease in 1940 by computing the excess urban deaths over and above the rural population in percent. His results are shown in Figure 5 for various diseases, all deaths, and motor vehicle deaths (for reference) that were recorded in the year 1940.

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Figure 5 Percent excess urban deaths over rural deaths. In 1940 this approximated the electrified residences (urban) versus un-electrified residences (rural). [Adapted from Milham 2]

These percent excess disease deaths for the electrified urbanite are very significant. Notice the excess percent deaths for diabetes is 65%! I wonder if this is related to known, measured blood glucose variations in response to short duration EMF exposure in some diabetics6. Suicide, diabetes, heart disease, and cancer have all – separately, in modern studies – been associated with long-term EMF exposure, and the only significant EMF in 1940 was electrification by the grid. Notice that the excess deaths due to motor vehicles is only about 1% – as one might expect. Excess deaths due to all causes was still elevated by 20%. This excess percent deaths in 1940 in Milham’s data shows the same strong correlation with electrification when no other significant EMF is present.

In conclusion Milham states:

“It seems unbelievable that mortality differences of this magnitude could go unexplained for over 70 years after they were first reported and 40 years after they were noticed. I think that in the early part of the 20th century nobody was looking for answers. By the time EMF epidemiology got started in 1979 the entire population was exposed to EMFs. Cohort studies were therefore using EMF-exposed population statistics to compute expected values, and case-control studies were comparing more exposed cases to less exposed controls.”

And that would lead to underestimated risk in all subsequent studies. This has, no doubt, played a role in the understated message the public receives regarding the risks of high tech EMF.

It should be noted that Milham does not discuss the likelihood that urban diets (in this time frame) were deficient compared with the rural counterpart, and that this could be a confounding factor in his results. However, the chances that diet alone explains the urban/rural death rate differences in 1940 seems remote.

Dirty Power

Let’s back up for a second and take a closer look at ‘dirty power’, or ‘dirty electricity’. Figure 6 shows oscilloscope traces of two 60Hz AC waveforms; one appearing to be a clean sine wave – the other is a very noisy version with a high frequency hash blurring the otherwise smooth 60Hz wave. The two traces are slightly offset so that both can be seen. The high frequency hash is due to voltage/current transients induced on the grid when the grid energy is rapidly switched on and off to achieve variable input power to some device, motor, or appliance. This rapid switching causes transients at the switch rate and noise harmonics up and down the frequency spectrum. This noise is induced on the 60/50Hz grid and appears at every socket in the home (and your neighbor’s home). Most of this noise is contained in the 1-140KHz band. Most modern appliances make use of switching power supplies to provide us with variable speed options for convenience (and advertising purposes).

What is not so well known is that these modern devices can make a dirty mess out of our grid system. The more current draw the device demands, the more noise it will produce when the input power is switched. In today’s variable speed devices, this switching is accomplished digitally. Decades ago this was not an option and variable speed (in a motor for example) was accomplished via a mechanical switch between taps on a transformer – the point being that our older appliances were much safer and cleaner with respect to dirty power.

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Figure 6 Offset oscilloscope traces of clean 60Hz AC and one distorted by induced high frequency noise.

Dirty power also arises from any electronic device that requires AC-DC conversion from the grid. This is because the conversion process requires that the AC be rectified (no negative voltage swings), which induces transients and harmonics similar to switched power supplies. The more power the device demands, the higher the induced noise. This is why cell phone base towers produce so much dirty power on the grid – they require massive amounts of DC power for the digital electronics (digital signal processors) that support the cellular phone system. In fact, Milham maintains that the real threat from cell towers is the dirty power they induce on the grid in homes in the vicinity of the tower.

So, all those transformers that we plug into sockets to power various electronic boxes put noise on the grid even if the electronic device is turned off or not plugged in (these transformers are also a significant source of AC magnetic fields while they are plugged into a socket).

How does dirty power affect our health?

This noise in your wiring and at your sockets does not radiate (couple) to free space in the same way that a cell phone antenna radiates the RF cell signal3 – the frequencies are very different (100KHz versus 900-1800MHz). The mechanism is referred to as capacitive coupling and involves objects in the home (including the human body) and their electrical relationship to ground. Capacitive coupling occurs through the electric field where charge (electrons) at one conductor (the electric wires or socket) acts on the charge on another conductor (your body) through a dielectric medium (the air). It can be looked at as if the electrical grid field is always ‘seeking’ a path to ground.

For example, Figure 7 shows a trace from two EKG patches placed on the ankles of a man standing at his kitchen sink4. The time snapshot of the window is 250 millisec and the peak-to-peak voltage swing is about 18 millivolts. Both the noise and 60Hz components can be seen. It is estimated (by modeling) that 80% of the noise energy at frequencies below 1KHz is dissipated in the skin and 20% is dissipated internally; and at frequencies above 2KHz, all the energy is dissipated internally5, 6. This indicates that long-term exposure potential for EMF damage is much greater for the higher frequency components of the dirty power noise.

This may be consistent with the masking of the natural EMF discussed in Part 1 of this article. It may also have to do with disturbance of sensitive electro-chemical metabolic functions and signaling at the sub-cellular level. Even without grounding, the effect can vary depending on geometry and proximity of large metal objects (such as refrigerators, stoves, metal ducting, etc). Notice also in Figure 7 that the high frequency components of the noise (evident in Figure 6) are absent – apparently absorbed in the test subject’s body.

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Figure 7 “The waveform was recorded between two EKG patches placed on the ankles of a man standing in front of his kitchen sink … It shows a distorted 60 cycle sine wave containing high frequencies applied to each foot, allowing high frequency current to freely oscillate up one leg and down the other. … He was standing with feet shoulder width apart, wearing shoes at the time of the reading. The amplitude increased as the feet were placed farther apart”. [Adapted from Havas & Stetzer 4]

Some people have responded to the problem of dirty power EMF by embracing an off-grid lifestyle. Others have installed Graham-Stetzer (GS)7 or Greenwave filters8 in their home sockets to attempt to reduce this noise to acceptable levels. The efficacy of these filters has raised some controversy, however. For example, see this Health Canada report, and a response from Magda Havas. But more on that later, when we discuss all the things you can do to protect yourself from the sources of EMF.

Before leaving the subject of dirty power EMF, another study worth mentioning is one in which a dirty power EMF signal was clearly identified in the cancer statistics of a group of teachers at La Quinta Middle School, California. This case study is described by Milham and Morgan in their 2008 paper, published in the American Journal of Industrial Medicine9:

“In 2003 the teachers at La Quinta, California middle school complained that they had more cancers than would be expected. A consultant for the school district denied that there was a problem. … Sixteen school teachers in a cohort of 137 teachers hired in 1988 through 2005 were diagnosed with 18 cancers. The observed to expected (O/E) risk ratio for all cancers was 2.78 (P=0.000098), while the O/E risk ratio for malignant melanoma was 9.8 (P=0.0008). Thyroid cancer had a risk ratio of 13.3 (P=0.0098), and uterine cancer had a risk ratio of 9.2 (P=0.019). Sixty Hertz magnetic fields showed no association with cancer incidence. A new exposure metric, high frequency voltage transients, did show a positive correlation to cancer incidence. A cohort cancer incidence analysis of the teacher population showed a positive trend (P=7.1X10 -10) of increasing cancer risk with increasing cumulative exposure to high frequency voltage transients on the classroom’s electrical wiring measured with a Graham/Stetzer (G/S) meter. The attributable risk of cancer associated with this exposure was 64%. A single year of employment at this school increased a teacher’s cancer risk by 21%.”

For any teacher at this school assigned to one of the classrooms in which the GS meter hit maximum scale (>2000 GS units), her/his cancer risk increased 26% per year of employment!

The observed to expected risk ratio (O/E) in the above quote is simply the number of observed cancers in the group of teachers divided by the number of expected cancer cases (in the general population or control group). The P-value is the probability of obtaining a test statistic (by chance) at least as extreme as the one that was actually observed – the lower the P-value, the less likely the result is a chance occurrence, and the stronger the correlation with the measured EMF (in GS units). This study (and its results) are unique in that the EMF levels were so high as to swamp out any noise due to control group EMF exposure and other (unknown) exposure factors (diet, toxins, etc)! In all likelihood, the single-source risk of dirty power EMF exposure is much higher than that found in the study. At these levels of dirty power EMF, everyone should be included in the category of ‘electrosensitive’.

The authors conclude with:

“The cancer incidence in the teachers at this school is unusually high and is strongly associated with exposure to high frequency voltage transients. In the 28 years since electromagnetic fields (EMFs) were first associated with cancer, a number of exposure metrics have been suggested. If our findings are substantiated, high frequency voltage transients are a new and important exposure metric and a possible universal human carcinogen similar to ionizing radiation.”

AC Magnetic Fields

Another EMF associated with power lines and the power grid is AC magnetic fields. To understand the origin of these fields, we need a little basic physics. Figure 8 shows an AC power distribution system from power plant to home user.

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Figure 8 The AC power system consists of high voltage lines that are stepped down in voltage via transformers as they approach the end home user.

The current (i) that passes out from the power plant is always the same as the current that returns. This is true throughout the system since it is a closed circuit. A voltage drop occurs at the load (home), indicating that power is being consumed (P=v*i). The ‘hot’ line is associated with the input voltage + . The ‘neutral’ line is at the voltage . The current i in these lines is the same, but the voltage is very different. By the time these are transformed back up to the high voltage power lines, this difference between the ‘hot’ and ‘neutral’ wires can be hundreds of thousands of volts. This is why high voltage power lines suspend the wires so far apart; if they didn’t, this voltage difference would ionize the air between them causing an arc short between the lines. But there is a price to pay for separating these lines – AC magnetic fields.

Figure 9 shows a current on a long straight wire and the resulting magnetic field that will always accompany the current.

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Figure 9 Current on a wire and its associated magnetic field. Point your thumb in the direction
of the current(i) – the curl of the rest of your fingers shows the flow of the magnetic field.

Now picture two closely spaced wires that feed a load in closed circuit like the one in Figure 8. The current (i) in the two wires is equal and in opposite direction, and, since they are very close together, the magnetic field from one wire cancels the other, so no AC magnetic field will be measured in the space around the wires. This is why there is a very large AC magnetic field under high voltage power lines – the wires are widely spaced (due to the high voltage) and the magnetic fields do not cancel. The AC electric field (volts per meter) is high due to the high voltage suspended over ground. Take another look at the banner graphic at the start of this article. The photo shows an array of fluorescent lights mounted vertically – one end in the ground – under a high voltage power line in the UK10. This is a real photograph showing the whole array of tubes lit up simply due to the high voltage induced across the end of the tubes. Intuition would suggest that this is not a healthy environment for any animal.

Getting back to the magnetic field, the wire pairs for each home circuit can be run together because the voltage has been stepped down to 120/240V. As long as the wires remain together, there is no net current, and therefore no AC magnetic field. The US National Electric Code (NEC – or your country’s equivalent) is very carefully crafted to eliminate net current in all buildings. This is aptly demonstrated by Karl Riley in his book,Tracing EMFs in Building Wiring and Grounding11, in which he describes common wiring errors that can lead to unacceptable AC magnetic fields in the home/office building.

Electricians, just like everyone else, take shortcuts and make mistakes, but in the case of net current, they rarely consider the consequences of the resulting AC magnetic fields on the health of people in the environment – especially children. The majority of NEC inspectors are probably unaware of this as well, and the mistakes are rarely spotted. This is tragic because a simple gauss meter (which measures the magnetic field) and ammeter (which measures net current) can reveal the problem quickly before the wiring is encased in the building’s internal structure. Fixing these problems after the fact can be difficult and costly – and you may need a Karl Riley to diagnose, locate, and correct the problem. You can quickly determine if you have a problem with a cheap $40 gauss meter, but more on that later.

When the pair of wires begins to separate, AC magnetic fields develop in the vicinity. All wire pairs must separate widely at the panel box for connection to grid power. This makes the panel box a strong source of AC magnetic fields and explains why you do not want any living areas adjacent to or in the vicinity of the panel box. The wires must also separate at each socket, light fixture, and appliance in the home/office. In the case of appliances, the wires separate internal to the appliance in order to power circuit boards, transformers, heating elements, etc. The more current and separation of the wires, the higher the magnetic field.

Today it is generally and widely accepted that long-term exposure to AC magnetic fields in the range of 3-4 milligauss (0.3-0.4 mT) results in a doubling of the risk for childhood leukemia. It is, therefore, suggested that long-term exposure not exceed 2mG (0.2mT). Many scientists and health organizations suggest that a wider safety margin be applied, reducing this to 0.5-1.0mG (0.05-0.1mT). A healthy safety margin makes sense since there will undoubtedly be periods of much higher exposure, and the dose should be considered cumulative – much like ionizing radiation (radioactivity).

Riley11 relates an interesting (and sad) case study:

“The next case is unusual in that it involves a child who developed leukemia in the first year of his life. I was called in to measure the magnetic fields in his crib room since it was next to the service entrance [panel box] closet in a large Los Angeles estate. I found no unusual field level emanating from the service closet itself, since the equipment was not mounted adjacent to the wall to the child’s room, but a substantial magnetic field was coming from an under-floor source which angled out from the service closet location, ran under the crib and exited near the corner of the room. The field at the crib was 4mG and on the floor where the child crawled it was 12mG [1.2mT]. These values were measured during the day when the only loads were the washer and/or dryer. During the evening the field levels would have been much higher.

The field was due to a net current on the service lateral [circuit] which ran under the floor. I clamped the ammeter around the copper water supply pipe where it entered the building and found it was carrying amperage. Following my recommendation the owner had a plumber insert a dielectric [insulator] coupling in the water pipe down near the water meter near the curb, which was about 100′ from the house. This took the neutral current off the pipe and restored it to the neutral conductor in the service lateral and balanced the magnetic field, thus reducing the magnetic field in the crib room to tenths [of an mG].

The child underwent chemotherapy and for awhile was doing well. Before finishing this revision [of his book] I learned that sadly he had not survived. Was his leukemia due to having been exposed to 4+ mG in his crib and 12+ mG while crawling around on the carpet?”

I’ll include one more of Riley’s case studies because it involves a very common wiring error, with devastating results in this case:

“I was called in by a family living in a desert community north of Barstow, California, who had experienced a sudden onset of electrosensitivity [ES]. They were sure something was wrong with the house as they could feel burning sensations, etc and had rashes on their hands which puzzled their doctor. A child born while they lived in the house was born with three kinds of brain damage.

As this was the first case of electrical hypersensitivity I had come in contact with I was cautious if not a little skeptical. But when I measured the house with the lights on I found elevated fields in the master bedroom, the baby’s bedroom, and a field of 82mG at the couch the family gathered together on to watch TV.

After a couple of hours of tracing I found the point where GCs [neutrals] of two circuits had been connected [together]. As mentioned in the text, it was at a duplex receptacle in the master bedroom where one circuit was controlled by a wall switch and the other was always energized. In such receptacles one must break off the tabs connecting the two parts of the receptacle – both the hot tab and the neutral tab. In this case only the hot tab had been broken off. As soon as the receptacle was disconnected the field dropped from 82mG one foot from the wall to below a tenth of a mG at the couch. An 82mG field one foot from the wall is generated by a net current of approximately 12 amps; in this case due mainly to an electric heater used by the family in winter.

Whether the mother’s use of this couch for sleep during pregnancy was related to both the birth defects and hypersensitivity is up to medical specialists to sort out. The hypersensitivity was real, as I found by a careful experiment in which I found that the mother was able to tell if a 2mG field was on or off 11 times out of 12, with no external clues from me or the apparatus I used (a covered coil and a silent mercury switch, plus a predetermined randomized on-off sequence).”

The footprint of induced ES is very evident in this account. The effect seems very similar to what gluten does to the Celiac sufferer, and makes one wonder: what are these EMFs are doing to the rest of us? To answer that question with any degree of confidence, we may have to factor in toxin exposure and diet – but more on that later.

Figure 10 shows a tragedy unfolding in June of 2008 with the construction of a residential neighborhood directly under a high-voltage power line.

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Figure 10 Construction of a residential neighborhood directly under high-voltage transmission lines. [Courtesy of http://www.powerwatch.org12%5D

The health risks associated with this kind of exposure are well-known, yet this construction practice continues as if local and national authorities are completely unaware of the risks. These homes sell well to consumers, which simply means that the general public remains uninformed as to the health risks of EMF in its major manifestations. Our media, scientific community and governments are doing a dismal job of protecting public health. Glance back at that banner picture at the beginning of this article – would you choose to live in one of these homes? These residents might be able to light the interior of their homes with upright standing arrays of fluorescent tubes.

There is another EMF source in proximity to high voltage power lines that has received significant attention from researchers Henshaw et al13 due to the fact that epidemiological studies show increased leukemia incidence in areas of extended range from power lines that cannot be explained by direct electric and magnetic fields:

“Recent epidemiological studies have reported an increased risk of leukaemia in adults and children near overhead high voltage powerlines at distances beyond the measured range of the direct electric and magnetic fields. Corona ions are emitted by powerlines, forming a plume that is carried away from the line by the wind. The plume generates random disturbances in the atmospheric electric field of tens to a few hundred V m-1 on time scales from seconds to minutes. Such disturbances can be seen up to several hundred metres from powerlines. It is hypothesised that these random disturbances result in the disruption of nocturnal melatonin synthesis and related circadian rhythms, in turn leading to increased risk of a number of adverse health effects including leukaemia. In support of the hypothesis it is noted that melatonin is highly protective of oxidative damage to the human haemopoietic system. A review of electric field studies provides evidence that (i) diurnal variation in the natural atmospheric electric field may itself act as a weak zeitgeber; (ii) melatonin disruption by electric fields occurs in rats; (iii) in humans, disturbances in circadian rhythms have been observed with artificial fields as low at 2.5 V m-1“.

The high voltage lines will ionize some of the air particles, and when these waft over local neighborhoods, they cause variations in the electric field. Henshaw has done extensive field testing of this effect near power lines, and his theory explains why leukemia is still elevated so far away from the power lines. It may be that it is the variation of the electric field over time (as opposed to the absolute field value) that has such a marked effect on the biological system. Henshaw has also theorized that the ions can attach to other aerosols (pollution) and that these particles can then be taken into the lungs, with negative health effects.

Epidemiology/statistical studies associated with high voltage power line EMF should be expected to show a significant footprint (against a range of symptoms) since the magnetic and electric fields are so high. Such a study was performed in 2008 in France, by the Centre de Recherche et d’Information Indépendantes sur les Rayonnements Electromagnétiques, along 250km of existing 400KV power lines14. Figure 11 shows the study zone (pink) of the region in France, and three power line routes: 1) a proposed future 400KV line (green), 2) an existing 400KV line running at 75% average capacity (red), and 3) an existing 400KV line running at 40% average capacity (yellow). These three lines were chosen so that one would represent no exposure, a second would represent moderate exposure, and a third would represent high exposure. The zones of exposure for these existing lines were defined as 600 meters around the ground track of the lines (300 meters to either side). Figure 12 shows typical measured results for the electric and magnetic fields under the power lines, as a function of lateral offset. These values will vary depending on load conditions at the time of measurement.

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Figure 11 France study zone and 400KV power line routes. [Adapted from Gouhier 14]

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Figure 12 Typical electric and magnetic field measurements around the power line. [Adapted from Gouhier 14]

A total of 6,220 useable questionnaires associated with home, work, and farm environment (which took into account animal behavior) were used in the compilation of statistics. The data was compiled by power line zone to see if problems in animal behavior (on the farms) and human symptoms were correlated with power line EMF exposure. Figure 13 shows the results for animal behavior. Farmers reported serious divergence (from the norm) in behaviors of the animals within 300 meters of the power lines relative to the unexposed animals – up to 5 times the percent incidence. This incidence increase is clearly dominated by the high capacity exposure, but the low capacity exposure shows extreme deviation as well. Figure 14 shows the same percent incidence in each exposure group for a range of negative human symptoms.

Here we see the same trend – peak incidence occurs in the high capacity exposure group and is still significantly elevated in the low capacity group. Note that psychological depression is reported at nearly twice the incidence for high capacity power line exposure relative to the exposure-free group. Many of these symptoms are associated with ES as well as acute exposure in non-ES individuals. But the percent incidence increase over the unexposed group is not nearly as large as that in the animal groups.

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Figure 13 Percent incidence of the behavior in each exposure group. [Adapted from Gouhier 14]

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Figure 14 Percent incidence of human symptoms in each exposure group. [Adapted from Gouhier14]

This suggests the possibility of competing exposures to toxins, other EMF sources, and a deficient ‘standard Western diet’. Nevertheless, the EMF footprint is strong in this data due to the extreme nature of the exposure. These kinds of results have motivated many scientists to call for the application of the Precautionary Principle to legislate reductions in allowable public EMF exposure levels across all significant sources. [Note: the p-value indicated in Figures 13 and 14 is the approximated probability that the observed data could occur randomly and is based on the number observations or measurements – eg: p=.01 is a 1% chance and p=.0001 is a .01% chance.]

AC Magnetic Fields AND Dirty Power

Henshaw15 has suggested that the high frequency noise associated with dirty power may also act detrimentally through the AC magnetic field even though the field strength may be quite small (very little net current). He suggests that it is the pulsed nature of the transients acting through even a weak AC magnetic field that produces biological effects when exposure is chronic. This is partially based on findings that a patterned (pulsed) magnetic field causes cellular anomalies at levels as low as 0.9mG (.09 mT)16. Henshaw has also referenced epidemiology studies17, 18 that show increased odds ratio for miscarriage when the environmental magnetic field is characterized according to its pulse amplitude as opposed to the time-weighted average. Again, we see that it is the high frequency components of the noise associated with grid power transients that appears to have the greatest biological effect.

This is extremely important because it suggests that dirty power in conjunction with a net current problem may amplify the negative biological effects significantly over and above the effects of either in isolation. So, it is very important to characterize both the AC magnetic field (due to net current sources) as well as grid power noise – and reduce both as much as possible in the living environment.

References and Notes

1. Denis Henshaw, Professor Emeritus (retired), School of Physics, University of Bristol

2. Milham, Samuel, ‘Historical evidence that electrification caused the 20th century epidemic of ”diseases of civilization”‘, Medical Hypotheses 74 (2010) 337 – 345.

3. Radiation from a cell antenna is a transverse electromagnetic wave (TEM) propagating in free space. Both electric and magnetic field directions are orthogonal to the direction of propagation. Reactive EM coupling can involve a radial component to the field in the direction of propagation making it behave more as a sound or percussive wave phenomena (longitudinal wave propagation).

4. Havas M, Stetzer D. ‘Graham/Stetzer Filters Improve Power Quality in Homes and Schools, Reduce Blood Sugar Levels in Diabetics, Multiple Sclerosis Symptoms, and Headaches’, International Scientific Conference on Childhood Leukemia, London, 2004.

5. Reines, R.S., M. A. Cook, J.D. Loock. 2000. Cornell Cow Model, White Paper, Public Service of Wisconsin

6. Reilly, J.P. 1992. Applied Bioelectricity: From Electrical Stimulation to Electropathology, Cambridge University Press.

7. Graham-Stetzer socket filters are designed by Professor Graham and David Stetzer and offered for sale by Stetzer Electric, seestetzerelectric.com for more information on the GS meters and filters.

8. Greenwave filters are another option for home grid filtering, see here

9. Milham, S, Morgan, L, ‘A New Electromagnetic Exposure Metric: High Frequency Voltage Transients Associated With Increased Cancer Incidence in Teachers in a California School’, Am. J. Ind. Med. 2008.

10. Richard Box’s ‘FIELD’ (richardbox.com), February 2004 Photo: Stuart Bunce.

11. Riley, Karl, Tracing EMFs in Building Wiring And Grounding – A practical guide for reducing magnetic fields due to wiring errors as well as current grounding practices, 2nd Edition 2007 by ELF Magnetic Surveys.

12. Powerwatch.org

13. Henshaw, DL Ward, JP Matthews, JC, ‘Can disturbances in the atmospheric electric field created by powerline corona ions disrupt melatonin production in the pineal gland?’ Journal of Pineal Research 2008, vol 45, pages 341 – 350. (see also: electric-fields.bris.ac.uk/grouppublications.html)

14 Gouhier, Catherine, Le Ruz, Pierre, ‘Citizen’s Survey, Living with a Very High Voltage Power line?’, Centre de Recherche et d’Information Indépendantes sur les Rayonnements Electromagnétiques 2009 (see this [PDF]).

15 Ainsbury EA, Henshaw DL. 2006. ‘Observations on the relationship between magnetic field characteristics and exposure conditions’. Phys Med Biol 51:6113 – 6123.

16 St-Pierre, L.S. IJRB. 2008. 84(4): 325-335

17 Lee, GM. et al. Epidemiology. 2002; 13: 21-31.

18 Li, D. et al. Epidemiology. 2002; 13: 9-20.

http://themillenniumreport.com/2015/05/electropollution-the-unseen-and-silent-cofactor-of-so-much-chronic-disease-and-acute-illness/

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Return of the Dragon: Hazards of Manmade Magnetism, Parts 1 & 2


Parts 1 & 2 of 4

SEARCH FOR THE DRAGON
“…northern lights flashing in matchless power and beauty over the sky in all colours of the rainbow! Seldom had I seen colours so brilliant. Prevailing at first was yellow, but it gradually flickered to green, then sparkling ruby-red began on the arch’s underside.

“Now from the far west horizon a fiery serpent writhed up over the sky, shining brighter and brighter as it came. It split into three, all brilliantly glittering. Then the colours changed — the serpent to the south turned ruby-red with yellow spots; one in the middle yellow; to the north, greenish-white.
“Rays swept along the serpents’ sides, driven through the ether like waves before a storm wind. They swayed back and forth, now strong, now fainter as they reached and passed the zenith.
“Though thinly dressed and shivering with cold, I couldn’t tear away till the spectacle was only a faintly glowing fiery serpent on the east horizon.
“There is the supernatural for you. If one wants to read mystic meanings into nature, here, surely, is the opportunity.”

 

— Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian polar explorer
— in his 1904 diary
— an early portrayal of Aurora

In 1911 British explorer Robert Scott wrote of similar lights glowing in dark Antarctic winter sky. Polar explorers were entranced by these luminous heavenly displays, rarely seen outside Gaia’s frigid crystal ice caps. They resembled nothing ever seen on Earth, only in dreams. In Arctic North they’re called Aurora Borealis, from Greek Dawn of the North; at the South Pole, they’re Aurora Australis — Southern Dawn. Science was captivated by this new discovery that in sunless dark of polar winters ghostly lights danced in fantastic fluid tapestries. Theories were made to explain this profound mystery, but each was refuted.
Since 1904 a revolution in science has revealed much about this polar wreath of dancing rainbow glows. Artists and photographers captured these ethereal lights; satellites now photograph the entire northern hemisphere in auroral display. Surveys mapped Earth’s magnetic field, the chemistry of Earth’s atmosphere was analyzed and telescopes monitored pulsations of solar energy. Yet 20th century science remains mystified by these celestial visions.

Aurora are a manifestation of Gaia’s magnetism. Earth is wrapped in a magnetic field — a donut-shaped enclosure that extends hundreds of miles out into space; Earth itself is at the donut’s hole. Geomagnetism envelopes Earth with circular lines of flux which descend at the North Pole, penetrate through Earth’s center to emerge at the South Pole, then loop out through space in vast circles that return to the North.

Geomagnetism forms a protective shield to deflect dangerous radiations away from fragile lifeforms in Gaia’s biosphere. Solar winds of high energy particles sweep at our planet and are diverted by the geomagnetic field. Gaia’s magnetic cloak also shapes the ionsphere, a thin upper air layer ionized by ultraviolet radiation to form the now well-known ozone layer.

Meanwhile Sun erupts with flares — gigantic tongues of flaming plasma which shoot thousands of miles into space. These solar plumes emit bursts of charged particles to create shockwaves in the solar wind which bombards our planet. Geomagnetic turblence this generates interferes significantly with radio and satellite communications, as well as powerlines and defense systems.

During solar storms, gusts of charged particles captured in geomagnetism spiral along flux lines to ice capped poles. Only 20 years ago science found that as captive electron beams stream through polar air, they collide with gas molecules to ionize atoms, causing them to glow in momentary energy release. The invisible becomes visible — Gaia’s magnetic cloak revealed in luminous glory as solar storms stream energy pulses through Earth’s polar vortexes.

Thus Gaia’s twin auroral wreaths are children of heaven and earth. Both Gaia’s magnetic mantle and Sol’s bursts of electric particles are needed to ignite auroral displays. However, this explains the Aurora as effectively as a switch explains the workings of TV.

 

Transforming Civilization

Only 75 years before Nansen’s vision of serpents writhing in arctic heavens, Joseph Henry was teaching natural philosophy in Albany, NY, one block from the NY Capitol. In 1829 Henry built the first electric motor — a revolving machine driven by magnetic induction from electric current. Every dynamo and motor uses Henry’s exact design. In 1831 Henry published his Theory of Magnetic Induction and The Electric Age was born.

By the time Nansen logged his Auroral vision, across the Atlantic Ocean Westinghouse was building two 5,000 kilowatt generators to harness Niagara Falls. Civilization was being electrified; with oil and iron, electromagnetism (EM) transformed the world.

Today America is crisscrossed by spiderwebs supplying electricity to millions of factories and homes with dozens of lights, motors, appliances, and gadgets. At night billions of street lights, stop lights and neon ads drive back the dark. Radio, telephones, TV, and computers revolutionized science, business and communications. Microwaves cook fast food and beam wideband data channels to distant sites via orbiting satellite. Radar tracks movement on earth or in air, including electric cars with cellular phones and CB radios.

In 1982 Robert Becker and Andrew Marino, leading medical researchers in bioelectromagnetics, published Electromagnetism and Life, whose Preface stated: “But the coin has another side. The environment is now thoroughly polluted by man-made EM with frequencies and magnitudes never before present. Man’s activities probably changed earth’s EM background to a greater degree than any other natural attribute — whether land, water or atmosphere. Evidence indicates abnormal EM environments constitute a health risk. Today interest in all facets of this is at an unprecedented pitch.”

The pitch went up a full octave in June 1989 with publication of “Currents of Death” by Paul Brodeur in The New Yorker magazine.

 

Transforming Public Health

 

In spring 1974 Dr. Nancy Wertheimer began surveying homes in Denver, Colo. In 1954 she’d recieved a PhD from Harvard and Radcliffe in experimental psychology. In 1968 HEW awarded her a grant for an epidemiological study of childhood leukemia, but divorce and family forced her to turn the grant down. Six years later she resumed her study with the idea leukemia might be linked to environmental or infectious factors. Therefore, she searched for any clustering among victims.

Colo. Dept. of Vital Statistics supplied addresses of every Denver child who died of leukemia from 1950 to 1969. She visited each home to note a few environmental conditions: apartment or house; number of stories; building materials; proximity to highways and factories; etc. Her field survey detected no unusual clustering, but one day she noticed yet another black cylinder hanging on a pole beside a victim’s house. Nancy didn’t see any import to this until she saw a news photo of a farmboy holding a fluorescent tube under a 345 kilovolt (kv) powerline — the bulb lit by EM from the line.

Plotting leukemia victims on a map of Denver power substations showed only a faint correlation, so she returned to the field to note proximity of powerlines, transformers and substations. This revealed a definite pattern: with notable frequency, victims lived in the first or second house nearest a pole-mounted transformer.

In fall 1974 Nancy took her data to physicist Ed Leeper, who thought this wasn’t due to electric fields, which are uniform regardless of distance from a transformer, but maybe magnetic fields, which decrease rapidly with distance. Also, an electric field is easily insulated and shielded, but magnetism penetrates anything, including metal, lead, steel, concrete — and human skin.

In Dec. 1974, using a crude magnetic detector made by Leeper, Nancy determined magnetic fields drop off sharply after the second pole beyond a transformer, not the transformer itself. Ed Leeper reasoned high current in first span of lines generates this strong magnetic field.

In 1975 Nancy compared field measures of magnetism with addresses of childhood leukemia. Results showed disproportionate leukemias in homes near powerlines called secondaries. Later Ed made a gaussmeter to accurately measure 60 hertz (hz) magnetism, and Nancy found some primaries with fields as strong as secondaries.

In 1976 Nancy coded wire configurations near homes to study all childhood cancers in Denver from 1950 to 1973. This analysis upheld her prediction: children near high-current powerlines had twice the cancer death rate of those in low-current homes. Even more persuasive: kids who spent their entire life in high-current homes show the strongest association, and six who lived near power substations all died of cancer.

Not satisfied her findings weren’t accidental, she spent 1977-8 reanalyzing her data for co-factors such as pollution or traffic. Only then did she and Leeper publish Electrical Wiring Configurations and Childhood Cancer in the March 1979 Amer. Journal of Epidemiology. It began: “Domestic power lines are taken for granted and assumed harmless. However, this assumption has never been adequately tested. Low-level harmful effects could be missed, yet might be important for the population as a whole, since electric lines are so ubiquitous. [Our] study suggests, in fact, children who develop cancer are unduly often near high current electric lines.”

However, medicine and science dismissed their report, since no experimental evidence or known means shows powerline magnetism to alters cell metabolism or causes cancer. In Nancy’s own words, “One of four or five families live in what our study characterizes high-current. The very idea electric wiring in every American town and city may be hazardous seemed — well, unbelievable.”

Yet, Nancy Wertheimer had stumbled on the tail of the Dragon.

In Our ELF Defense

The U.S. Navy became interested in Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) in 1958 to communicate with submerged submarines, since ELF will penetrate seawater. In 1968 they buried 28 miles of insulated cable above granite bedrock near Clam Lake, Wisconsin to test an ELF radio antenna. Soon after Navy proposed Project Sanguine — a 22,500 square mile grid of 6,000 miles of cable buried in north Wisconsin and Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. This would create a global 76 hz ELF field extending up to the ionosphere to reflect ELF signals into the sea.

People living near the Clam Lake test site reported getting electric shocks from water faucets, telephones and ordinary wire fences. Claiming Navy’s ELF antenna generated these stray voltages, residents in the region opposed Project Sanguine.

Navy insisted ELF causes no harmful effects, and is no different than 60 hz powerlines, even though ELF research cast doubt on claims Sanguine’s high power ELF was safe. So in 1973 Navy’s Bureau of Medicine and Surgery formed a seven man Science Advisory Committee to review research on ELF biological effects. Dr. Robert Becker was appointed to the panel, and on Dec. 6, 1973 he learned:

  • Naval Aerospace Medical Research Lab found significant increases in serum triglycerides (stg), a warning of stress, in blood samples of nine of ten volunteers exposed to low intensity magnetism;.
  • abnormally high stg was found in six of eight Sanguine test site workers.
  • UCLA Brain Research Institute found monkeys exposed to ELF had decreased motor response, warning of adverse behavioral effects.
  • Naval Air Development Center found ELF exposed rats gain weight less readily.
  • One study showed longterm ELF exposure retarded chicken embryo growth.
  • Another with AC magnetic fields produced disorientation in gull chicks.

 


On Dec. 7 the panel strongly recommended “urgent and absolutely necessary” studies of ELF effects, and, “since the immune system is a critical defense mechanism, it behooves Project Sanguine to investigate immune mechanisms during and after ELF exposure.” They voted unanimously that the EMR Management Advisory Council (ERMAC) “be apprised of the findings and their possible significance to the large population at risk exposed to 60 hz fields from powerlines.” ERMAC was set up in 1968 by the President’s Office of Telecommunications to advise on biological hazards of radio-frequency radiation.

Navy compiled these recommendations in a 31 page report marked “For Official Use Only,” thus suppressing them. The warning to ERMAC of 60 hz power risks went undelivered.

Navy stubbed its toe on the Dragon — and chose to cover it up — the moral equivalent of shooting a patient in the spleen to avoid telling him he has cancer.

Becker left DC Dec. 7 for his Adirondack retreat near Lowville, NY. There the newspaper said the Power Authority of the State of NY (PASNY) planned a 765 kv powerline just a few miles from his lodge.

Powerline Politics

The same year Wertheimer began her study, farmers in New York and Minnesota were fighting construction of a new generation of powerlines. Utilities needed bigger transmission lines for their bigger — often nuclear — power plants, so they proposed lines to carry 765,000 volts. Previously the highest-voltage line was 345 kv. PASNY wanted to build several 150 mile long 765 kv powerlines from the NY-Canada border to central NY to carry power from north Quebec’s James Bay hydroelectric project. And Niagara Mohawk (NiMo) and Rochester Gas & Electric (RG&E) proposed a 765 kv line from nuclear plants near Oswego to Rochester 66 miles west.

The lines would pass through prime farmland. Landowners battled against them, concerned for negative health effects the giant lines might have, such as electric shocks and stray ground currents. To dramatize this, they stood under 345 kv lines holding fluorescent lights — bulbs lit from EM generated by the line. One such photo got Wertheimer’s eye to spark her interest in powerlines and leukemia.

Fate had it, too, the PASNY line would pass by Becker’s Adirondack retreat. After reading of the line on his return from the Navy ELF panel, Becker did the extraordinary: he wrote NY’s Environmental Conservation Commissioner and Public Service Commission (PSC) Chairman that the ELF panel concluded the public may be at risk from exposure to EM “lower than those along the proposed 765 kv line.”

Becker, a leading medical researcher of EM effects in living cells, got a medical degree from NYU, and in 1956 was appointed chief of orthopedics at the Syracuse V.A. Hospital. His 1960s work with salamanders revealed limb regeneration involves electric currents associated with nerves. He could increase or retard limb regeneration with external electric fields. In a dramatic study he used electricity to induce a rat to regenerate a severed limb. Becker became concerned if EM increases benign cell growth, it may affect malignancy, too.

Becker induced deep anesthesia in salamanders using strong magnetic fields, then added to discoveries that bone fractures heal with electric stimulation. He explored effects of external magnetic fields, including Earth’s, on brainwaves, and in 1963 showed a relation between psychiatric admissions and solar magnetic storms. In 1965 he exposed volunteers to pulsed magnetic fields similar to magnetic storms, and found significant changes in reaction time. Becker became concerned those fields are in the same ELF range as Earth’s, to which our human body is attuned by its long evolution. They’re also the same range used in electric power distribution.

By 1972 Becker had enough evidence to warn the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers of danger from “continuous exposure to EM able to induce currents or voltages comparable to those now known in biological control systems.” He called urgently for study of human exposure to ELF EM. In 1973 he was appointed to the Navy ELF advisory panel.

In July 1974 a PSC lawyer asked Becker and his associate Andrew Marino to testify at hearings. This meant they must prepare written reports and submit to cross-exams without compensation. Hearings dragged, and in Feb. 1976 PSC bowed to NY Gov. Carey and authorized construction of the PASNY line. That left how wide to make the right-of-way (ROW), and whether to approve the Oswego line. Finally, in June 1976 hearings began. Becker was the only medical doctor to appear as a witness. Experts for PASNY, NiMo and RG&E testified that EM presents no biological hazards.

Marino filed a brief urging PSC to protect not only against EM from proposed 765 kv powerlines, but also existing 345 kv lines. Research showed 1500 volts per meter (vpm) affects exposed animals, while electric fields at the edge of the 150 foot ROW of 345 kv lines is 1600 vpm. Marino felt a chronic human exposure limit should be 100 vpm — much lower — and warned strong pulsating magnetic fields of power lines are “totally new and unique with respect to evolution on earth.”

In Jan. 1978 judges decided “continuous long-term, repeated exposure to electric fields exceeding 2500 vpm might result in biological effects that might be harmful.” They set electric exposure limit at 1000 vpm at one meter above ground. Thus a 765 kv ROW would be 350 feet wide rather than the 250 feet proposed by utilities. They set no standard for magnetic fields.

PSC staff were critical, pointing to 32 studies cited by Marino — nine are “a solid body of evidence powerline electric fields cause biological effects in humans.” PSC staff urged a 400 vpm limit, required notice of risk to residents adjacent to a ROW, and purchase or relocation of any house within 275 feet of a ROW centerline.

In June 1978 PSC’s 74 page decision affirmed powerline EM creates “unrefuted inferences of possible risk we can’t ignore. Effects can’t be presumed harmless.” PSC criticized utilities for failing to replicate Marino’s experiments, but instead waging “vigorous efforts to discredit him more suitable to slander than science.”

PSC’s dilemma was an exposure level for 765 kv lines calls into question the ROW for existing 345 kv lines. Rather than challenge this, PSC set an electric field limit for 765 kv lines same as 345 kv lines — 1,600 vpm — reasoning this “assures risks, if any, of exposure to 765 kv lines will not be greater than those widely accepted of 345 kv lines.” A dubious rationale and bad compromise. Nonetheless, for the first time a regulatory agency questioned powerline effects on humans. But once again, no standard was set for magnetic exposure.

However, PSC noted the poor understanding of ELF biological effects, and called for utilities to fund research by independent scientists. PASNY sued, claiming PSC had no authority to require research as part of approving a powerline. In 1979 NY’s Supreme Court upheld PASNY, but in 1980 the utilities agreed to provide $5 million for a five year NYS Powerlines Project. In 1981 a ten member scientific advisory board was selected to oversee the Project.

Utilities became entangled in the Dragon’s invisible coils. Unwilling to face the deeper implications of these warnings, they struck out at the messengers who bore the bad news.

Military Sensors

Navy wasn’t the only military agency suppressing EM data. In May 1978 the Air Force had commissioned the National Academy of Sciences to evaluate PAVE PAWS radar to predict how much people living near radar would be irradiated. Two committees were formed: an engineering panel to evaluate radiation predictions, and another to evaluate biological effects.

Low-level EM studies showed changes in brain bio-electricity and chemistry, and immune systems at levels far below those able to heat tissue. One 1962 study found mice irradiated with microwave radar developed leukemia 3.5 times as often as controls. FDA’s Bureau of Radiological Health called this “the most discomfiting finding in available literature.” People living near radar were guinea pigs in an in vivo experiment.

In Jan. 1980 Dr. Ross Adey of UCLA’s Brain Research Institute spoke on biological effects of microwaves at the Amer. Assoc. for the Advancement of Science’s annual meeting. Studies showed magnetism pulsed at 15 or 72 hz altered parathroid hormone action to trigger adenylate cyclase, a cell membrane enzyme crucial to forming new bone. External EM is too weak to alter cell chemistry, so cell membranes must sense weak EM to trigger changes in cell behavior. Adey pointed out this EM is similar to radar, and blasted the Air Force for failure to honestly assess its EM emission risks.

By 1982 Adey showed how 450 MHz radar modulated at 60 hz greatly reduced T-lymphocyte activity to kill cultured cancer cells. Adey’s associate Daniel Lyle replicated the study using powerline 60 hz, and found major declines in T-lymphocyte activity. A 1983 report noted smaller effects occur at 40, 16 and three hz. This had serious implications for millions of people living near powerlines.

Under pressure, Air Force gave $4 million to study long-term effects of low-level microwaves. Profs. Guy and Chou, engineers at Univ. of Washington Bioelectromagnetics Lab, exposed 100 rats to continuous low level microwaves for two years to examine effects on blood chemistry, body weight and behavior. Results released in Aug. 1984 were shocking: 16 malignant tumors in exposed rats versus only four in controls; seven in exposed rats were endocrine, one in controls.

In 1983 Craig Byrus, biomedicine professor at U. of California at Riverside, exposed human tonsil lymphcytes to low level 450 MHz modulated at ELF from three to 100 hz for up to 60 minutes. He found protein-kinase enzymes became inacive at specific frequencies between 16 and 60 hz; protein-kinase C is a receptor for cancer-promoting substances. Printed in 1984 inBioelectromagnetics, this raised disturbing questions about effects of ELF and microwaves on the human immune system, our first line of defense against cancer. Our national defense’s EM sensing technology was now implicated in damage to our personal biological defenses.

Decade of Denial

New insight into the effects of high current magnetism provoked hefty undercurrents. Utilities, military and government reacted with harsh vindictiveness against evidence of ELF effects, and also scientists whose testimony shone light on this invisible enigma. Like the three monkeys, they could see, hear and speak no evil. Becker and Marino learned magnetism isn’t the only invisible force in our political society. In 1982 they wrote in Electromagnetics and Life, “This earned us the opposition of an impressive array of individuals and organizations who tried, like ancient King Canute, to command the tide of experimental studies to turn.” It was high tide; a trickle of research in the 70s became a flood in the 80s.

In 1980 Wertheimer applied for a National Institutes of Health grant to study adult cancer and high current magnetism. It was rejected, but on her own Nancy collected 1,179 cancer cases from 1967-75 in Boulder, Longmont, Denver, and suburbs. For two summers she visited each home to classify by a refined wire configuration code. As she plodded along, a host of others emerged.

In June 1982 Swedish medical officer Dr. Lennart Tomenius reported on 716 child cancers in Stockholm, where most power is delivered at 50 hz in 200 kv buried cables. He measured AC magnetism at each home’s door to find an average of 2.2 milligauss (mgs). Twice as many children with cancer lived near 200 kv lines, and where magnetism is over 3 mgs, cancer is twice as frequent. This was published in 1986 in Bioelectromagnetics.

July 1982 New England Journal of Medicine printed a letter from Dr. Milham, physician and epidemiologist in the Washington Dept. of Social & Health Services. He reviewed 430,000 deaths from 1950-79 to find leukemia more prevalent in occupations with EM exposure. Of 11 occupations with higher than normal leukemia, ten were linked to EM exposure.

In Nov. 1982 respected British medical journal The Lancet reported a U. of So. California School of Medicine study found acute leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia is significantly higher among power and telephone linemen in Los Angeles.

In Jan. 1983 The Lancet published a study of English and Welsh electrical workers by Michael MacDowell, epidemiologist in London’s Office of Population Census and Surveys, which found consistently higher death from acute myeloid leukemia among electrical occupations. The Lancet editorial, noting this supported findings by USC, Milham and Wertheimer, said, “All of us are exposed to low level EM. It’s important to know what risks, if any, are entailed.”

A 1984 Maryland brain tumor study from 1969-82 found greater occurence in electrical occupations. Other studies found excess leukemia in electric workers in New Zealand, Canada and southeast England, and U.S. coal miners. A 1988 brain cancer study in East Texas men from 1969-78 found much greater risk in communications and utilities; risk for utility workers was 13 times greater.

By 1986, when Wertheimer and Leeper published “Adult Cancer Related to Electric Wires Near Homes” in the International Journal of Epidemiology, 15 of 17 studies showed associations between cancer and EM exposure. Cancer of the nervous system, uterus, breast, lymphoma, and leukemia occur more frequently among people living near high current lines. Nancy wrote, “Homes of cancer patients outnumber controls most clearly in the very-high-current category. The association is clear and highly significant for cancer in adults before age 55. [Data] suggests a dose relationship may exist between alternating magnetic exposures and cancer.”

Clearly something was happening. Here was repeated, credible evidence of publlic health hazards associated with EM exposure, but the effect had an unknown cause. Fingers of evidence in this mystery pointed at magnetism, but no one could explain how low-level magnetism causes cell disorder or disease.

To be continued….

Part Two of four:
SPIN THE TALE ON THE DRAGON
http://netteandme.blogspot.com/2014/08/part-2-of-4-return-of-dragon-hazards-of.html
As of Sept 3, 2014 Part 3 & 4 have not been published…stay tuned for more!
Source: http://netteandme.blogspot.com/2014/08/part-1-of-4-return-of-dragon-hazards-of.html
Artwork
Energy Unit – Souls of Vengence
Dragon Age III: Inquisition Confirmed
Dragon Ball
Dragon Vs Horse
Battle for Dominance
Meditation EE Initiation
She Wolf Night: Time of the Water Dragon

She Wolf Night: Time of the Water Dragon

RETURN OF THE DRAGON: HAZARDS OF MAN-MADE MAGNETISM


SEARCH FOR THE DRAGON
“…northern lights flashing in matchless power and beauty over the sky in all colours of the rainbow! Seldom had I seen colours so brilliant. Prevailing at first was yellow, but it gradually flickered to green, then sparkling ruby-red began on the arch’s underside.

“Now from the far west horizon a fiery serpent writhed up over the sky, shining brighter and brighter as it came. It split into three, all brilliantly glittering. Then the colours changed — the serpent to the south turned ruby-red with yellow spots; one in the middle yellow; to the north, greenish-white.
“Rays swept along the serpents’ sides, driven through the ether like waves before a storm wind. They swayed back and forth, now strong, now fainter as they reached and passed the zenith.
“Though thinly dressed and shivering with cold, I couldn’t tear away till the spectacle was only a faintly glowing fiery serpent on the east horizon.
“There is the supernatural for you. If one wants to read mystic meanings into nature, here, surely, is the opportunity.”

— Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian polar explorer
— in his 1904 diary
— an early portrayal of Aurora

In 1911 British explorer Robert Scott wrote of similar lights glowing in dark Antarctic winter sky. Polar explorers were entranced by these luminous heavenly displays, rarely seen outside Gaia’s frigid crystal ice caps. They resembled nothing ever seen on Earth, only in dreams. In Arctic North they’re called Aurora Borealis, from Greek Dawn of the North; at the South Pole, they’re Aurora Australis — Southern Dawn. Science was captivated by this new discovery that in sunless dark of polar winters ghostly lights danced in fantastic fluid tapestries. Theories were made to explain this profound mystery, but each was refuted.
Since 1904 a revolution in science has revealed much about this polar wreath of dancing rainbow glows. Artists and photographers captured these ethereal lights; satellites now photograph the entire northern hemisphere in auroral display. Surveys mapped Earth’s magnetic field, the chemistry of Earth’s atmosphere was analyzed and telescopes monitored pulsations of solar energy. Yet 20th century science remains mystified by these celestial visions.

Aurora are a manifestation of Gaia’s magnetism. Earth is wrapped in a magnetic field — a donut-shaped enclosure that extends hundreds of miles out into space; Earth itself is at the donut’s hole. Geomagnetism envelopes Earth with circular lines of flux which descend at the North Pole, penetrate through Earth’s center to emerge at the South Pole, then loop out through space in vast circles that return to the North.

Geomagnetism forms a protective shield to deflect dangerous radiations away from fragile lifeforms in Gaia’s biosphere. Solar winds of high energy particles sweep at our planet and are diverted by the geomagnetic field. Gaia’s magnetic cloak also shapes the ionsphere, a thin upper air layer ionized by ultraviolet radiation to form the now well-known ozone layer.

Meanwhile Sun erupts with flares — gigantic tongues of flaming plasma which shoot thousands of miles into space. These solar plumes emit bursts of charged particles to create shockwaves in the solar wind which bombards our planet. Geomagnetic turblence this generates interferes significantly with radio and satellite communications, as well as powerlines and defense systems.

During solar storms, gusts of charged particles captured in geomagnetism spiral along flux lines to ice capped poles. Only 20 years ago science found that as captive electron beams stream through polar air, they collide with gas molecules to ionize atoms, causing them to glow in momentary energy release. The invisible becomes visible — Gaia’s magnetic cloak revealed in luminous glory as solar storms stream energy pulses through Earth’s polar vortexes.

Thus Gaia’s twin auroral wreaths are children of heaven and earth. Both Gaia’s magnetic mantle and Sol’s bursts of electric particles are needed to ignite auroral displays. However, this explains the Aurora as effectively as a switch explains the workings of TV.


Transforming Civilization

Only 75 years before Nansen’s vision of serpents writhing in arctic heavens, Joseph Henry was teaching natural philosophy in Albany, NY, one block from the NY Capitol. In 1829 Henry built the first electric motor — a revolving machine driven by magnetic induction from electric current. Every dynamo and motor uses Henry’s exact design. In 1831 Henry published his Theory of Magnetic Induction and The Electric Age was born.

By the time Nansen logged his Auroral vision, across the Atlantic Ocean Westinghouse was building two 5,000 kilowatt generators to harness Niagara Falls. Civilization was being electrified; with oil and iron, electromagnetism (EM) transformed the world.

Today America is crisscrossed by spiderwebs supplying electricity to millions of factories and homes with dozens of lights, motors, appliances, and gadgets. At night billions of street lights, stop lights and neon ads drive back the dark. Radio, telephones, TV, and computers revolutionized science, business and communications. Microwaves cook fast food and beam wideband data channels to distant sites via orbiting satellite. Radar tracks movement on earth or in air, including electric cars with cellular phones and CB radios.

In 1982 Robert Becker and Andrew Marino, leading medical researchers in bioelectromagnetics, published Electromagnetism and Life, whose Preface stated: “But the coin has another side. The environment is now thoroughly polluted by man-made EM with frequencies and magnitudes never before present. Man’s activities probably changed earth’s EM background to a greater degree than any other natural attribute — whether land, water or atmosphere. Evidence indicates abnormal EM environments constitute a health risk. Today interest in all facets of this is at an unprecedented pitch.”

The pitch went up a full octave in June 1989 with publication of “Currents of Death” by Paul Brodeur in The New Yorker magazine.


Transforming Public Health

In spring 1974 Dr. Nancy Wertheimer began surveying homes in Denver, Colo. In 1954 she’d recieved a PhD from Harvard and Radcliffe in experimental psychology. In 1968 HEW awarded her a grant for an epidemiological study of childhood leukemia, but divorce and family forced her to turn the grant down. Six years later she resumed her study with the idea leukemia might be linked to environmental or infectious factors. Therefore, she searched for any clustering among victims.

Colo. Dept. of Vital Statistics supplied addresses of every Denver child who died of leukemia from 1950 to 1969. She visited each home to note a few environmental conditions: apartment or house; number of stories; building materials; proximity to highways and factories; etc. Her field survey detected no unusual clustering, but one day she noticed yet another black cylinder hanging on a pole beside a victim’s house. Nancy didn’t see any import to this until she saw a news photo of a farmboy holding a fluorescent tube under a 345 kilovolt (kv) powerline — the bulb lit by EM from the line.

Plotting leukemia victims on a map of Denver power substations showed only a faint correlation, so she returned to the field to note proximity of powerlines, transformers and substations. This revealed a definite pattern: with notable frequency, victims lived in the first or second house nearest a pole-mounted transformer.

In fall 1974 Nancy took her data to physicist Ed Leeper, who thought this wasn’t due to electric fields, which are uniform regardless of distance from a transformer, but maybe magnetic fields, which decrease rapidly with distance. Also, an electric field is easily insulated and shielded, but magnetism penetrates anything, including metal, lead, steel, concrete — and human skin.

In Dec. 1974, using a crude magnetic detector made by Leeper, Nancy determined magnetic fields drop off sharply after the second pole beyond a transformer, not the transformer itself. Ed Leeper reasoned high current in first span of lines generates this strong magnetic field.

In 1975 Nancy compared field measures of magnetism with addresses of childhood leukemia. Results showed disproportionate leukemias in homes near powerlines called secondaries. Later Ed made a gaussmeter to accurately measure 60 hertz (hz) magnetism, and Nancy found some primaries with fields as strong as secondaries.

In 1976 Nancy coded wire configurations near homes to study all childhood cancers in Denver from 1950 to 1973. This analysis upheld her prediction: children near high-current powerlines had twice the cancer death rate of those in low-current homes. Even more persuasive: kids who spent their entire life in high-current homes show the strongest association, and six who lived near power substations all died of cancer.

Not satisfied her findings weren’t accidental, she spent 1977-8 reanalyzing her data for co-factors such as pollution or traffic. Only then did she and Leeper publish Electrical Wiring Configurations and Childhood Cancer in the March 1979 Amer. Journal of Epidemiology. It began: “Domestic power lines are taken for granted and assumed harmless. However, this assumption has never been adequately tested. Low-level harmful effects could be missed, yet might be important for the population as a whole, since electric lines are so ubiquitous. [Our] study suggests, in fact, children who develop cancer are unduly often near high current electric lines.”

However, medicine and science dismissed their report, since no experimental evidence or known means shows powerline magnetism to alters cell metabolism or causes cancer. In Nancy’s own words, “One of four or five families live in what our study characterizes high-current. The very idea electric wiring in every American town and city may be hazardous seemed — well, unbelievable.”

Yet, Nancy Wertheimer had stumbled on the tail of the Dragon.

In Our ELF Defense

The U.S. Navy became interested in Extremely Low Frequency (ELF) in 1958 to communicate with submerged submarines, since ELF will penetrate seawater. In 1968 they buried 28 miles of insulated cable above granite bedrock near Clam Lake, Wisconsin to test an ELF radio antenna. Soon after Navy proposed Project Sanguine — a 22,500 square mile grid of 6,000 miles of cable buried in north Wisconsin and Michigan’s Upper Peninsula. This would create a global 76 hz ELF field extending up to the ionosphere to reflect ELF signals into the sea.

People living near the Clam Lake test site reported getting electric shocks from water faucets, telephones and ordinary wire fences. Claiming Navy’s ELF antenna generated these stray voltages, residents in the region opposed Project Sanguine.

Navy insisted ELF causes no harmful effects, and is no different than 60 hz powerlines, even though ELF research cast doubt on claims Sanguine’s high power ELF was safe. So in 1973 Navy’s Bureau of Medicine and Surgery formed a seven man Science Advisory Committee to review research on ELF biological effects. Dr. Robert Becker was appointed to the panel, and on Dec. 6, 1973 he learned:

  • Naval Aerospace Medical Research Lab found significant increases in serum triglycerides (stg), a warning of stress, in blood samples of nine of ten volunteers exposed to low intensity magnetism;.
  • abnormally high stg was found in six of eight Sanguine test site workers.
  • UCLA Brain Research Institute found monkeys exposed to ELF had decreased motor response, warning of adverse behavioral effects.
  • Naval Air Development Center found ELF exposed rats gain weight less readily.
  • One study showed longterm ELF exposure retarded chicken embryo growth.
  • Another with AC magnetic fields produced disorientation in gull chicks.


On Dec. 7 the panel strongly recommended “urgent and absolutely necessary” studies of ELF effects, and, “since the immune system is a critical defense mechanism, it behooves Project Sanguine to investigate immune mechanisms during and after ELF exposure.” They voted unanimously that the EMR Management Advisory Council (ERMAC) “be apprised of the findings and their possible significance to the large population at risk exposed to 60 hz fields from powerlines.” ERMAC was set up in 1968 by the President’s Office of Telecommunications to advise on biological hazards of radio-frequency radiation.

Navy compiled these recommendations in a 31 page report marked “For Official Use Only,” thus suppressing them. The warning to ERMAC of 60 hz power risks went undelivered.

Navy stubbed its toe on the Dragon — and chose to cover it up — the moral equivalent of shooting a patient in the spleen to avoid telling him he has cancer.

Becker left DC Dec. 7 for his Adirondack retreat near Lowville, NY. There the newspaper said the Power Authority of the State of NY (PASNY) planned a 765 kv powerline just a few miles from his lodge.

Powerline Politics

The same year Wertheimer began her study, farmers in New York and Minnesota were fighting construction of a new generation of powerlines. Utilities needed bigger transmission lines for their bigger — often nuclear — power plants, so they proposed lines to carry 765,000 volts. Previously the highest-voltage line was 345 kv. PASNY wanted to build several 150 mile long 765 kv powerlines from the NY-Canada border to central NY to carry power from north Quebec’s James Bay hydroelectric project. And Niagara Mohawk (NiMo) and Rochester Gas & Electric (RG&E) proposed a 765 kv line from nuclear plants near Oswego to Rochester 66 miles west.

The lines would pass through prime farmland. Landowners battled against them, concerned for negative health effects the giant lines might have, such as electric shocks and stray ground currents. To dramatize this, they stood under 345 kv lines holding fluorescent lights — bulbs lit from EM generated by the line. One such photo got Wertheimer’s eye to spark her interest in powerlines and leukemia.

Fate had it, too, the PASNY line would pass by Becker’s Adirondack retreat. After reading of the line on his return from the Navy ELF panel, Becker did the extraordinary: he wrote NY’s Environmental Conservation Commissioner and Public Service Commission (PSC) Chairman that the ELF panel concluded the public may be at risk from exposure to EM “lower than those along the proposed 765 kv line.”

Becker, a leading medical researcher of EM effects in living cells, got a medical degree from NYU, and in 1956 was appointed chief of orthopedics at the Syracuse V.A. Hospital. His 1960s work with salamanders revealed limb regeneration involves electric currents associated with nerves. He could increase or retard limb regeneration with external electric fields. In a dramatic study he used electricity to induce a rat to regenerate a severed limb. Becker became concerned if EM increases benign cell growth, it may affect malignancy, too.

Becker induced deep anesthesia in salamanders using strong magnetic fields, then added to discoveries that bone fractures heal with electric stimulation. He explored effects of external magnetic fields, including Earth’s, on brainwaves, and in 1963 showed a relation between psychiatric admissions and solar magnetic storms. In 1965 he exposed volunteers to pulsed magnetic fields similar to magnetic storms, and found significant changes in reaction time. Becker became concerned those fields are in the same ELF range as Earth’s, to which our human body is attuned by its long evolution. They’re also the same range used in electric power distribution.

By 1972 Becker had enough evidence to warn the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers of danger from “continuous exposure to EM able to induce currents or voltages comparable to those now known in biological control systems.” He called urgently for study of human exposure to ELF EM. In 1973 he was appointed to the Navy ELF advisory panel.

In July 1974 a PSC lawyer asked Becker and his associate Andrew Marino to testify at hearings. This meant they must prepare written reports and submit to cross-exams without compensation. Hearings dragged, and in Feb. 1976 PSC bowed to NY Gov. Carey and authorized construction of the PASNY line. That left how wide to make the right-of-way (ROW), and whether to approve the Oswego line. Finally, in June 1976 hearings began. Becker was the only medical doctor to appear as a witness. Experts for PASNY, NiMo and RG&E testified that EM presents no biological hazards.

Marino filed a brief urging PSC to protect not only against EM from proposed 765 kv powerlines, but also existing 345 kv lines. Research showed 1500 volts per meter (vpm) affects exposed animals, while electric fields at the edge of the 150 foot ROW of 345 kv lines is 1600 vpm. Marino felt a chronic human exposure limit should be 100 vpm — much lower — and warned strong pulsating magnetic fields of power lines are “totally new and unique with respect to evolution on earth.”

In Jan. 1978 judges decided “continuous long-term, repeated exposure to electric fields exceeding 2500 vpm might result in biological effects that might be harmful.” They set electric exposure limit at 1000 vpm at one meter above ground. Thus a 765 kv ROW would be 350 feet wide rather than the 250 feet proposed by utilities. They set no standard for magnetic fields.

PSC staff were critical, pointing to 32 studies cited by Marino — nine are “a solid body of evidence powerline electric fields cause biological effects in humans.” PSC staff urged a 400 vpm limit, required notice of risk to residents adjacent to a ROW, and purchase or relocation of any house within 275 feet of a ROW centerline.

In June 1978 PSC’s 74 page decision affirmed powerline EM creates “unrefuted inferences of possible risk we can’t ignore. Effects can’t be presumed harmless.” PSC criticized utilities for failing to replicate Marino’s experiments, but instead waging “vigorous efforts to discredit him more suitable to slander than science.”

PSC’s dilemma was an exposure level for 765 kv lines calls into question the ROW for existing 345 kv lines. Rather than challenge this, PSC set an electric field limit for 765 kv lines same as 345 kv lines — 1,600 vpm — reasoning this “assures risks, if any, of exposure to 765 kv lines will not be greater than those widely accepted of 345 kv lines.” A dubious rationale and bad compromise. Nonetheless, for the first time a regulatory agency questioned powerline effects on humans. But once again, no standard was set for magnetic exposure.

However, PSC noted the poor understanding of ELF biological effects, and called for utilities to fund research by independent scientists. PASNY sued, claiming PSC had no authority to require research as part of approving a powerline. In 1979 NY’s Supreme Court upheld PASNY, but in 1980 the utilities agreed to provide $5 million for a five year NYS Powerlines Project. In 1981 a ten member scientific advisory board was selected to oversee the Project.

Utilities became entangled in the Dragon’s invisible coils. Unwilling to face the deeper implications of these warnings, they struck out at the messengers who bore the bad news.


Military Sensors

Navy wasn’t the only military agency suppressing EM data. In May 1978 the Air Force had commissioned the National Academy of Sciences to evaluate PAVE PAWS radar to predict how much people living near radar would be irradiated. Two committees were formed: an engineering panel to evaluate radiation predictions, and another to evaluate biological effects.

Low-level EM studies showed changes in brain bio-electricity and chemistry, and immune systems at levels far below those able to heat tissue. One 1962 study found mice irradiated with microwave radar developed leukemia 3.5 times as often as controls. FDA’s Bureau of Radiological Health called this “the most discomfiting finding in available literature.” People living near radar were guinea pigs in an in vivo experiment.

In Jan. 1980 Dr. Ross Adey of UCLA’s Brain Research Institute spoke on biological effects of microwaves at the Amer. Assoc. for the Advancement of Science’s annual meeting. Studies showed magnetism pulsed at 15 or 72 hz altered parathroid hormone action to trigger adenylate cyclase, a cell membrane enzyme crucial to forming new bone. External EM is too weak to alter cell chemistry, so cell membranes must sense weak EM to trigger changes in cell behavior. Adey pointed out this EM is similar to radar, and blasted the Air Force for failure to honestly assess its EM emission risks.

By 1982 Adey showed how 450 MHz radar modulated at 60 hz greatly reduced T-lymphocyte activity to kill cultured cancer cells. Adey’s associate Daniel Lyle replicated the study using powerline 60 hz, and found major declines in T-lymphocyte activity. A 1983 report noted smaller effects occur at 40, 16 and three hz. This had serious implications for millions of people living near powerlines.

Under pressure, Air Force gave $4 million to study long-term effects of low-level microwaves. Profs. Guy and Chou, engineers at Univ. of Washington Bioelectromagnetics Lab, exposed 100 rats to continuous low level microwaves for two years to examine effects on blood chemistry, body weight and behavior. Results released in Aug. 1984 were shocking: 16 malignant tumors in exposed rats versus only four in controls; seven in exposed rats were endocrine, one in controls.

In 1983 Craig Byrus, biomedicine professor at U. of California at Riverside, exposed human tonsil lymphcytes to low level 450 MHz modulated at ELF from three to 100 hz for up to 60 minutes. He found protein-kinase enzymes became inacive at specific frequencies between 16 and 60 hz; protein-kinase C is a receptor for cancer-promoting substances. Printed in 1984 inBioelectromagnetics, this raised disturbing questions about effects of ELF and microwaves on the human immune system, our first line of defense against cancer. Our national defense’s EM sensing technology was now implicated in damage to our personal biological defenses.

Decade of Denial

New insight into the effects of high current magnetism provoked hefty undercurrents. Utilities, military and government reacted with harsh vindictiveness against evidence of ELF effects, and also scientists whose testimony shone light on this invisible enigma. Like the three monkeys, they could see, hear and speak no evil. Becker and Marino learned magnetism isn’t the only invisible force in our political society. In 1982 they wrote in Electromagnetics and Life, “This earned us the opposition of an impressive array of individuals and organizations who tried, like ancient King Canute, to command the tide of experimental studies to turn.” It was high tide; a trickle of research in the 70s became a flood in the 80s.

In 1980 Wertheimer applied for a National Institutes of Health grant to study adult cancer and high current magnetism. It was rejected, but on her own Nancy collected 1,179 cancer cases from 1967-75 in Boulder, Longmont, Denver, and suburbs. For two summers she visited each home to classify by a refined wire configuration code. As she plodded along, a host of others emerged.

In June 1982 Swedish medical officer Dr. Lennart Tomenius reported on 716 child cancers in Stockholm, where most power is delivered at 50 hz in 200 kv buried cables. He measured AC magnetism at each home’s door to find an average of 2.2 milligauss (mgs). Twice as many children with cancer lived near 200 kv lines, and where magnetism is over 3 mgs, cancer is twice as frequent. This was published in 1986 in Bioelectromagnetics.

July 1982 New England Journal of Medicine printed a letter from Dr. Milham, physician and epidemiologist in the Washington Dept. of Social & Health Services. He reviewed 430,000 deaths from 1950-79 to find leukemia more prevalent in occupations with EM exposure. Of 11 occupations with higher than normal leukemia, ten were linked to EM exposure.

In Nov. 1982 respected British medical journal The Lancet reported a U. of So. California School of Medicine study found acute leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia is significantly higher among power and telephone linemen in Los Angeles.

In Jan. 1983 The Lancet published a study of English and Welsh electrical workers by Michael MacDowell, epidemiologist in London’s Office of Population Census and Surveys, which found consistently higher death from acute myeloid leukemia among electrical occupations. The Lancet editorial, noting this supported findings by USC, Milham and Wertheimer, said, “All of us are exposed to low level EM. It’s important to know what risks, if any, are entailed.”

A 1984 Maryland brain tumor study from 1969-82 found greater occurence in electrical occupations. Other studies found excess leukemia in electric workers in New Zealand, Canada and southeast England, and U.S. coal miners. A 1988 brain cancer study in East Texas men from 1969-78 found much greater risk in communications and utilities; risk for utility workers was 13 times greater.

By 1986, when Wertheimer and Leeper published “Adult Cancer Related to Electric Wires Near Homes” in the International Journal of Epidemiology, 15 of 17 studies showed associations between cancer and EM exposure. Cancer of the nervous system, uterus, breast, lymphoma, and leukemia occur more frequently among people living near high current lines. Nancy wrote, “Homes of cancer patients outnumber controls most clearly in the very-high-current category. The association is clear and highly significant for cancer in adults before age 55. [Data] suggests a dose relationship may exist between alternating magnetic exposures and cancer.”

Clearly something was happening. Here was repeated, credible evidence of publlic health hazards associated with EM exposure, but the effect had an unknown cause. Fingers of evidence in this mystery pointed at magnetism, but no one could explain how low-level magnetism causes cell disorder or disease.

To be continued…. 

Part Two of four:
SPIN THE TALE ON THE DRAGON
http://netteandme.blogspot.com/2014/08/part-2-of-4-return-of-dragon-hazards-of.html
As of Sept 3, 2014 Part 3 & 4 have not been published…stay tuned for more!
Source: http://netteandme.blogspot.com/2014/08/part-1-of-4-return-of-dragon-hazards-of.html

Barrie Trower “The Cooking of Humanity ” Microwaves, Smart Meters and the use of electronics for “mind control” *UPDATED*


This video is not intended to create fear, it’s purpose is to inform people about the serious nature of the electromagnetic soup we live in and to encourage people to unite in finding solutions. It’s my suspicion that many people in Congress are not aware of the dangers from microwave radiation, remember they’re sold a deceptive bill of goods by lobbyists who represent the corporations behind these technology’s.  Most probably believe the spin behind the story they were told and would be horrified to know they’re exposing their loved ones to dangerous radiation.

TRANSCRIBED INTERVIEW HERE-
http://www.stopthecrime.net/Deborah%2…
Cooking of Humanity – Invisible Global Warfare
DVD HERE http://shop.arccopy.com/DVD-Scientist…
Deborah Tavares interviews Scientist Barrie Trower
Portland, Oregon
http://www.StopTheCrime.net

October 2013

by Jim Fetzer, Barrie Trower and Deborah Taveres

Barrie Trower
For those who have wondered about the use of electronic weapons for ‘mind control’, here is a most disturbing interview of an expert, where I am publishing
portions of the transcript, which is here.

The interview was provoked by a document found on the White House website entitled, “Realizing the Full Potential of Government Held Spectrum to Spur Economic Growth”, President’s Council of Advisors on Science Technology (20 July 2012).

The complete interview may be found in the YouTube embedded below. This is about as disturbing as it gets.

Barrie Trower is a British physicist who was trained in microwave warfare by microwave experts. He looked at aspects of microwave warfare and, when he finished the time that he spent in the military, he had a lot of expertise in the microwave field and he was asked to carry on with this research. And it was a new cold war that he discovered with microwaves. Here is his personal warning in his own words:

“In the very early 1960’s I trained with the government microwave warfare establishment. I looked at all aspects of microwave warfare and when I finished my time in the military, because I had a lot of expertise in the microwave field, I was asked if I would carry on with this research. We are in a new Cold War and this is why countries are developing this. And this is why all the microwave transmitters are going up everywhere because somebody, if they wanted to, could use them for other effects. The system is up and running.

Years ago our government said to our scientists when it comes to microwaves you will only talk about things to do with heat, and that is it. So they won’t even discuss anything else. They will deny anything that doesn’t have anything to do with heat. They even deny all their 40 years of research leading up to this, although they’ve said that this can cause cancer and all the damage, they say no it can’t. We’re only looking at heat and heat is all that matters. So for the last 40 years the English government has been lying to the people. And the American, the Canadian, the Australian, they have been lying. They have been lying to protect industry, to protect their profits, to protect themselves from lawsuits.

So they are really just liars and it is provable, sanctioned by the World Health Organization,
without a shadow of a doubt. It is the same people that sit on the ICNAP certificate, sit on our
government health protection agencies, sit on the World Health Organization . . . . it is the same
people. There are probably no more than 20 of them. But, yes, they are going to, in my opinion,
commit the worst genocide this planet has ever known, not just people, but animals and plants.
They are probably going to cause more destruction than a global war, and in several hundred
years time, people will look back, whoever survives, and look at what we tried to do to stop
them.”

YouTube – Veterans Today –

About gaining a foothold

Deborah Tavares: So as we go through this, Barrie, I would like for you to explain some of what you see in this document, if you would, because it’s going through thirteen pages, and they’re talking about what the purpose of the spectrum is and if we could just flip slowly each portion represents one page that is on our website.

Barrie Trower: One of the things you said, the universities, for instance, they may not be guilty. And I can give you an example. The government holds massive amounts of funds for research and the universities apply for research grants. Now to give you one example in the United States, the government asked one university if it could devise a method whereby if you beamed
microwaves into somebody’s ears the vibrational frequencies in the cochlea, they would actually produce sound in the person head so nobody else around could hear, just the one person being beamed could hear the sound.

And the University was told this would aid the deaf enormously because people could talk into a device and they would just hear it straight through. It was also picked up by the super store manufacturers who said we could also use this for good because if we have shoplifters, we can beam the pulse frequencies to the shoplifters to say, “You’re being watched. Put this down.” We’ll prevent crime, and that was used for good. It didn’t take people very long, especially the military and other super stores to think, ‘well, hang on, we can use this for our own devices’.

So the military can now put voices into people’s heads to do whatever deed they wish it to achieve, and the super stores have also realized that rather than say ‘put that down, you’re going to steal it’ , if you’re indecisive and you’re shopping, they can say ‘you really do want to buy this’, and after nine months, and I got the figure from one of your calls, somebody took one of your super stores to court for beaming them. And they made a phenomenal profit in just nine months, phenomenal profit. But because your Federal Communications Committee says that microwaves were safe, the case fell.

So all I’m saying is that when you’re reading out the universities, they may be acting totally innocently and it may be that the recipients, after the research is done, say now we will turn this to our advantage.

Deborah Tavares: And that’s because so much is compartmentalized and that’s how they keep this monster escalating to the degree that they are.

Barrie Trower: Yes. It’s perception.

About the use of “Smart Meters”

Deborah Tavares: Would you say that as far as the microwave targeting of mass populationsnow, which is what this is showing (holds White House document up), is the intention where we were talking about more specific targeted people hundreds of thousands globally?

Barrie Trower: Yes.

Deborah Tavares: Now we’re looking at a map that really does show a mass targeting particularly of the United States?

Barrie Trower: Oh yes. Absolutely. Really this is one of the ideas behind the Smart Meter where they put them on everybody’s homes. What they can do now. They can watch every single person in that house. They can watch you go to bed. They can watch what you’re doing in bed. They can watch you on the toilet and in the bath. They can hear every single word you’re saying. They have a machine which will measure your hormone levels. They have a machine, provided they’re within a 150 feet, they can measure your brain activity and they can even tell what frame of mind you’re in.

Now, if they can do this to an entire population, most people would not like it done to them but would be unaffected, and from the government point of view is, we’re really not interested in 98% of the population anyway, but we want the 2% that could be dangerous to the American citizens. But that doesn’t’ apply. They then do on to say, “Well hang on, there’s a group there that are obstructing us doing this, demonstrators. We’ll watch those.” And then you get to people of specific religions, and people with long hair, and people who smoke cannabis, and the level comes down and down and down to the point where they’re actually monitoring about 75% of the population and they have the computer
technology to do this.

Mind Control and Behavior Shaping

Deborah Tavares: Well, that is what we’re understanding is the intention of this (holding up the White House document). And what this is of course depicting is psychotronic weapons for mass mind control and about quantum computers and mind control, mind theft, and invasion of the human brain with artificial intelligence. Could you explain to people what that means.

Barrie Trower: The first thing, with this (referring to the White House document) when you blanket a whole area, there are different reasons for monitoring populations, and right now in the United States there could be to my knowledge between 40 to 45 countries blanketing people with microwaves, and all you need is a few vehicles, blanketing people with microwaves for specific purposes. Now I grew up in the Cold War era with spies, and forget James Bond or anything silly like that, the main weapon of a spy, any spy from any country, the main weapon is blackmail. That is the main weapon. Because, for instance, if I’m from a country and I want to get a spy into the United States they’re going to need documentation. To get a passport or a birth certificate or some form of documentation you need a professional person or two, like a lawyer, to sign an affidavit or something to say I have known this person since they were zero years old, they are now 22. I can identify them . . . everything.

They are a person. To get a professional person like a lawyer, if you blanket an area with microwaves, you know every conversation they’re having, you know where they go, what they’re doing. For instance, if you have a person who is a pedophile, a person who has a mistress or two, a person who is a secret alcoholic or gambler and they would lose their job if it became known, all they have to do is go up to that person and say is this is what we have on you, and you’re from another country obviously, this is what we have on you and we will give you a choice and you make your decision now. And this is what they do.

You make your decision now. Either this goes in your local press in the Sunday newspaper or you will lose your job, your children come out of university with disgrace, your wife will leave you and run away and hide, you will lose your house, everything, and you will never work again. You will be a beggar on the streets, if you’re lucky. Or you can sign this piece of paper to say you know this individual. They’re an upstanding person. They deserve the passport. They deserve a job reference because they should get this job. You’ll highly recommend that. You will sign it and we will go away. You will never see us again. Most people, given ten seconds thought, will sign and walk away and breathe a sigh of relief. That is why I suspect this, the blanketing the whole area (points to the White House document). It may not be the United States. It could be up to 40 countries. And I
can assure you there are at least 40 countries who would like to get spies in the United States. And when they’re in, they’re in. Then it goes on from there.

I don’t like the word ‘mind control’ because you don’t really control the mind. You can change it to act in a different behavior, but you do not permanently control it. You can make people do things, and that’s very easy. I could do it. I could do it to you in less than three days.

Deborah Tavares: Such as assassins?

Barrie Trower: I could turn you into an assassin in less than three days. That’s easy. So there are lots, and lots and lots of different reasons for blanketing an area and watching people. And 98% of the population probably would not be affected, but it is the fact that you have no choice. And if you upset somebody in the government, they can abuse their authority and target you.

Whistleblowers and Death Threats

Deborah Tavares: There are many scientists who realize what their scientific experiments have now caused. They’re not being used for the benefit of mankind and they now see how those are being used against their children, their families, and the world at large and they’re coming out and they’re letting this be known. And they’re not being targeted microwaves and the inventions that they’ve created are now being used against many of these whistleblowers, would you say?

Barrie Trower: Yes. And I can give you a specific example from a chief scientific officer in England. But, if you’re going to become a whistleblower you must realize first of all you’re going to receive death threats and these are very serious death threats. You are going to lose your job. Your children are not going to get a job or go to university. It is a family sacrifice, as well as yours.

I can give you an example. I’ve received many cryptic and strange messages from senior persons. I received a message from a very, very senior scientist in the top secret experimental place in England. He said, “I need to talk to you, Barrie.” I said okay and we met. He said I am going to give the perspective from where I am sitting. We have received a contract from the government to do research. I’m researching the effect of microwaves on the brain and the heart. I am one of the country’s leading research scientists. What they have asked me to do is study the brain and the heart being exposed to various microwaves, a specific pulse frequency known to affect the brain and the heart.

I know and you know, because a part of my degree was experimental physics, that if we’re going to do a study on the heart and the brain we’re looking at about 15 years. It would take about ten years to do the study and another five years to tie up the loose ends, write it, have it peer reviewed, go to publication. You and I know, because if I said to you how long would it take to do these experiments, you would say ten to fifteen years, which is what the drug companies do when they’re testing a new drug. It’s always a minimum of ten years, maybe longer. They don’t always get it right, but at least they have a go.

And he said to me there’s a lot of money involved here. Do you know how long they’ve given me to do the experiments on the brain and the heart? One of them, ten minutes and the other one is 20 or 25 minutes. I can do them both in an hour and have time for a cup of coffee. He said now I know that when I do these, the results are going to show SAFE, SAFE, SAFE, SAFE, SAFE. And I know that they are going to use this with the stamp of my laboratory to say ‘this is safe—sell it’. And this particular system has now been sold to 150 countries as safe.

And he said to me, now I’ve done nothing wrong. I did the experiments. I produced the results, which are safe, but I know this is going to be abused. I know that people are going to die because this is going to be published. Women are going to get breast cancers, miscarriages; all sorts of things are going to happen. But they’re going to do that—not me. He said now I am in a top government scientist job. I have a top salary. I have two children at university, one at college. I have a mortgage on a big beautiful house. If I spill the beans, I will lose everything today and I will never work again. My children will come out of university and my life will be a mess. What do I do? I said you only have two choices: you give up your family and your children’s university educations and everything, or you keep quiet. And those were the only two choices, and he decided to keep quiet.

Deborah Tavares: Well, of course, we know in many of these decisions the dangers beyond the family, and the fact that the family is going to be assaulted and confronted by increased frequencies anyway, as well as all of his friends and the rest of the world.

Barrie Trower: So this is the dilemma that some of the scientists are put in. So even when you read up laboratories, it may be that the scientists did nothing wrong, he did nothing wrong. He did what he was asked to do. He gave the results he was asked to give. It was the other people who are doing something wrong. But again, I’m very, very wary of reading out lists of corporations and laboratories because the people responsible may not be responsible.


Jim Fetzer, a former Marine Corps officer, is McKnight Professor Emeritus at the University of Minnesota Duluth.

http://www.veteranstoday.com/2013/10/24/microwaves-smart-meters-and-the-use-of-electronics-for-mind-control/

ElectroSmog: Microwave / Frequency Warfare ~ Dr. Barrie Trower


Published on Nov 3, 2012

“30 Minute Reality Update — Dr. Barrie Trower ” discussing the negative effects of microwave devices, weapons, and also the health ramifications of the use of these devices.

Transformational Programs and Products from Earth Transitions

HAARP facilities around the world


Everything you wanted to know about weather modification but were afraid to ask at the link below! Thanks Dutch!
From: dutchsinse  | May 9, 2011  | 2,534 views

All about the different world wide networks of HAARP facilities, and a LOT of information about weather modification systems , and other VLF / UHF systems used to influence weather, the earth (seismic), and a lot of research covering the entire spectrum of frequency possibilities…

http://www.dutchsinse.com/blog/?p=660

EMF Dangers Part 1


SERIOUS HEALTH WARNINGS, THIS IS A MUST HEAR INTERVIEW FOR EVERYONE!!

Environmental consultant Cindy Sage discussed the dangerous health effects of electro-magnetic fields (EMF) radiating from a variety of sources. Of particular
concern are the exponentially popular cell phones and cordless phones. Symptoms from EMF exposure include interrupted sleep, headaches, memory impairment, loss of concentration, dizziness, sinus
problems and tinnitus. There is also the increased risk of brain tumors and cancer, she warned.

Many people may have a chronic low level exposure to EMF even if they aren’t using equipment, through others’ cell phones, wireless devices, and WIFI– an “elecotromagnetic soup” that is kind of
like second hand smoke, she explained. To reduce risk, use a corded phone or speaker phone, Sage suggested.

She also spoke about problems associated with EMF from power lines, such as increased risk of childhood leukemia. The cost of ‘undergrounding’ lines is insignificant compared to the health issues,
she said, adding that more powerful transmission lines that aren’t practical to place underground, should be built away from populations. In addition to the BioInitiative Report, she recommended
the EMR Policy Institute as a good source for further information.