Andrew Bartzis – Whales – Their Role On Earth and in the Universe – Pt1


 

 

Welcome to my Adventures Into Reality Show November 11, 2017! We have an amazing show for you that you do not want to miss. This is a very special topic that has a lot of impact on what we are each creating in our lives and how what we do ripples throughout the planet and the universe and effects every living creature. This is a particularly special topic that you are going to love because it reaches into your soul connections and your soul family ties to the most profound and high resonating creatures on this planet, Whales. Whales are ancient cosmic beings that heal and bridge energies between timelines and worlds. They came here to heal the planet. Here is what the show is about: Whales – Their Role On Earth and in the Universe – Pt1 – With Debbie, Mandy and Andre. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1aTL8… What we do has a lasting imprint. Find out why and what this majestic creature means to you and your journey. If you’ve ever wondered why you are so drawn to this animal then it’s time to find out and explore that which has yet to be experienced. The time is now, to learn and understand just how much the mysteries of the universe have a place in your life. You are made up of the same essence as the stars and this is what dreams are made of. That is why you have such an affinity with this dreamtime being we call The Whale. It’s time to awaken the dreamer within you. Join us by clicking on the link below. Want to Be a Part of the next Live AIR Show? Join me every Tuesday from 7 to 9pm PST and/or Saturday from 5 to 7pm PST! Want More? Check out my Living the Mystical Life Daily Online Course at: http://www.andrewbartzisjourney.com/s… My Website: http://www.andrewbartzis.com Come join the Mailing List! AND/OR Join the journey on Facebook at Andrew Bartzis (@GalacticHistorian) and Instagram @galactic_historianab ! For Free videos series of Andrew’s “Mystical Teachings for Everyday Life” and learn how to apply the knowledge of becoming your own self-illuminated master, join our mailing list at http://www.andrewbartzis.com/ Facebook Page: https://www.facebook.com/GalacticHist… If you’re interested in a private reading or need more information about a session please go to this link http://andrewbartzis.com/one_on_one_s…. Acknowledgements: Andre Hodge servantoftruth.org

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The UN and the Oiligarchs Are Teaming Up to Take Over the Oceans corbettreport


Note: No, no, no!! I remove any implied consent to more plundering of our oceans and natural resources by any corporation or corporation pretending to be government!!

Does humanity get to roll back all these global agenda’s to plunder the environment and our free will thru bills like Agenda 2030 and the TPP, after disclosure takes place? Which I assume, will also be after “The Shift”….if so, it can happen fast enough.

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SHOW NOTES AND MP3: https://www.corbettreport.com/?p=18491

Spiro Skouras joins us today to discuss his recent expose on the UN’s Agenda 2030 global goals, its oiligarch and billionaire backers, and the attempt to take over the world’s oceans. From “no go zones” and hydrocarbon rights to the shady characters and groups that are funding this resource grab, you won’t want to miss this informative interview.

Iceland whaler announces he will not hunt this year


Patrick Ramage, Program Director, Whales
Posted: Thu, 02/25/2016
Kristjan Loftsson, the controversial Icelandic fisheries magnate, has killed fin whales for commercial trade for the past decade.
Kristjan Loftsson, the controversial Icelandic fisheries magnate, has killed fin whales for commercial trade for the past decade.

As I prepare to bed down for the night in Tokyo, encouraging word comes rushing round the ocean planet: Mr Kristjan Loftsson, the controversial Icelandic fisheries magnate who has spent the past decade trying to single-handedly resuscitate the international trade in whale meat, is turning out the lights and won’t hunt endangered fin whales in the North Atlantic this year.

This is very good news for whales and for lceland, a proud Viking nation whose folks have never had much interest in eating fin whale meat. Mr Loftsson had therefore paid lots of Krona in past years to ship his spoils via various routes to Japan, in the hope people here might bite.

Loftsson attempted in 2014 to ship an estimated 2,000 tons of fin whale meat out of the country despite limited market for the meat and opposition at home and abroad.
Loftsson attempted in 2014 to ship an estimated 2,000 tons of fin whale meat out of the country despite limited market for the meat and opposition at home and abroad.

But the sun is setting on the market for meat from dead whales, which is in free fall here in Tokyo too. In fact, the most profitable cetacean-centred commerce today is responsible whale watching, an exciting form of ecotourism whereby live whales deliver massive economic benefits to communities around Iceland, Japan and Norway, and 116 other, non-whaling countries and territories worldwide.

IFAW and our Icelandic partners, staff and volunteers are heartened by today’s news. Having so long publicly criticised his whaling, we today commend Mr Loftsson on his decision, which is a very positive development for Iceland, for whales, and for the millions of people around the world who care about both.

As my long-time friend and former IFAW whale biologist Vassili Papastavrou, who led IFAW’s first feasibility studies for whale watching in Iceland two decades ago, likes to say, animals, people and coastal economies all do better “when whales are seen, and not hurt.”

–PR

Related: Iceland feeling pressure to address whaling

CVS: Vacuuming Antarctica for krill ~ Call to Action


CVS: Vacuuming Antarctica for krill

Goal: 95,000
91,425
 

Update: We’ve already had over 90,000 people call on CVS to stop selling krill oil pills. And now, CVS is hitting back.

CVS is claiming that the krill in its krill oil health supplements are sustainably and responsibly sourced. But the sustainability certification CVS is relying on is deeply flawed; it doesn’t account for the importance of krill in the Antarctic food chain, and the fact that krill are vulnerable to climate change.


PS. If you would like to read our longer response on why the certifications are bad, click here.


CVS is supporting the plunder of Antarctica and one of the last unspoiled oceans on the planet.

The pharmacy giant is marketing and selling Antarctic krill oil as a health supplement — vacuuming krill in vast quantities from the Antarctic oceans and pumping them into pills. It’s putting the entire Antarctic ecosystem at risk, and we can stop it.

 

Krill are tiny crustaceans (they look a lot like miniature shrimp), but they represent a giant link in the Antarctic food chain. A new SumOfUs report shows that krill numbers are crashing, endangering the survival of hundreds of marine creatures like whales, penguins and seals.

The only way these companies will stop is if there’s no market for Antarctic wildlife on our shelves. That’s why we’re targeting CVS — if we can get this major retailer to refuse to sell krill-killing supplements, we can stop fishing companies from destroying the Antarctic.

Will you sign on and tell CVS to stop stocking Antarctic krill-based omega-3 health supplements and save one of the last unspoiled oceans on earth?

CVS stocks krill-based products by MegaRed and other companies, as well as selling its own, home brand krill oil. CVS claims that their krill products are sustainable, but the claim doesn’t stand up to scrutiny. In fact, only some of its krill products are certified. And leading environment groups including Greenpeace and Pew Environment Group have long objected to the certification of krill fishing. One of the more well-known certifications is by Marine Stewardship Council (MSC). Pew has said: “The MSC’s label falsely advertises the message that all krill are sustainably caught and that consuming krill-based omega 3 supplements or purchasing farmed salmon raised on krill meal is okay. Nothing could be further from the truth.”

The krill population is vital, but it’s depleting fast. Research shows krill populations have already dropped by 80 percent since the 1970s. What’s also shocking is that Antarctic penguin populations, which depend on krill for food, have collapsed by 50 percent in the last 30 years.

Krill are on the front lines of climate change — melting sea ice is destroying their habitat, and ocean acidification could further harm them. And at the same time, krill also play a key role in slowing global warming, as they transport carbon dioxide from the surface to the deep water.

Yet krill fishing is a lucrative industry — seafood companies use mammoth vessels equipped with new technology that literally vacuum the pristine Antarctic ocean, sucking up krill in massive volumes. It’s one of the last fish stocks that hasn’t been plundered to near extinction — but it might not stay that way for long.

 

But it doesn’t have to be like this — we can eat and protect our health without it being so costly to the Earth. Omega-3 health supplements can be produced from plant-based inputs or from fisheries that are sustainably harvested.

Fishing companies won’t stop pillaging the Antarctic unless we show them that there’s no longer demand for these products. Putting pressure on well-known retailers is the best way we can stop the depletion of the krill population. By disrupting demand and getting rid of this market, we can make retailers put the environment over profits.

At SumOfUs, we’ve done this before, and we’ve won. Last year we got retailers like Zara, ASOS, and Topshop to stop using angora fur from bunnies having their fur cruelly ripped out for clothes. And we’ve pushed major companies like Kellogg’s to stop destroying the rainforest to produce palm oil.

This is what we’re doing again — targeting CVS, a public-facing corporation, so we can curb the demand for Antarctic krill, and stop the collapse of the entire Antarctic marine ecosystem.

Tell CVS to stop selling krill-based omega-3 health supplements now.

 

 

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More information:

Vacuuming Antarctica for Krill: The Corporations Plundering the Earth’s Last Frontier, SumOfUs report

New conservation project reveals amazing turtle’s eye-view of the Great Barrier Reef


Published on Jun 29, 2015

The Great Barrier Reef is home to almost 6000 species. Thanks to GoPro, here’s what the journey through it looks like for one of them: a turtle’s eye view of the Reef.

To find out more about the level of pollution affecting turtles within the Great Barrier Reef, WWF is working on innovative project in Queensland with the support of our partners Banrock Station Wines Environmental Trust, James Cook University, The University of Queensland, the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority, State and Commonwealth government agencies, Indigenous rangers and local community groups.

As part of that project, the opportunity arose to very carefully fit a small GoPro camera to a turtle, to better understand the post-release behaviour of tagged green turtles. The result is this amazing video.

This week, the World Heritage Committee will vote whether to keep a strong watch over Australia until the health of the Great Barrier Reef. The decision is critical to the future protection of the Reef.

Invasion of the blob? Giant purple sea slugs slime East Bay beaches


Giant sea slugs called sea hares have been washing up in some East Bay beaches in unusual numbers this summer. (Courtesy of Morgan Dill)

Giant sea slugs called sea hares have been washing up in some East Bay beaches in unusual numbers this summer. (Courtesy of Morgan Dill) (Morgan Dill)

ALAMEDA — A giant purple blob from the sea — a slug — is invading East Bay beaches and waterways this summer to the wonder and curiosity of beach combers and naturalists.It’s no danger to people — unlike the tar-like “Blob” in the classic 1958 science-fiction movie about an alien goo that devours everything in its path.

 These California sea hares are harmless plant eaters, but their big size and unusual abundance this year is turning heads at the shorelines at Crab Cove in Alameda and Miller Knox Regional Park in Richmond, and also Lake Merritt in Oakland and Tomales Bay in Marin County.

One Alameda beach visitor called police to report he had spotted a human heart sprawled in the sand.

Giant sea slugs called sea hares have begun appearing in Lake Merritt in Oakland.

Giant sea slugs called sea hares have begun appearing in Lake Merritt in Oakland. (Ken-ichi Ueda)

Nope, he was told, it was just a California sea hare likely washingonto East Bay beaches, tide pools and inlets more often this year because of unusually warm water hugging the California coast. “We are getting calls from the public asking what the heck is this big weird purple blob,” said Carolyn Jones, a spokeswoman for the East Bay Regional Park District. “It’s native to our area. It’s not endangered, but they are rarely seen other than an occasional one here or there.” Officials have no precise count, but dozens have been seen on some beaches at the same time, and two dozen were spotted last month in an inlet to Lake Merritt in Oakland.

The first ones were spotted last fall, but more have been seen in May and June — including ones that captured the crowd’s attention last weekend at an annual sand castle building contest at Crown Beach in Alameda.The slugs can reach 15 pounds or more and 30 inches in length, although the ones in the East Bay are smaller — about the size of a large fist, croissant, or, for that matter, a heart. They are called sea hares because their thick antennae resemble rabbit ears. They wash up along beaches or sand flats after laying their eggs and dying, naturalists say.

The boom of sea hares may be related to warmer temperatures near coastal waters, said Morgan Dill, a naturalist at the Crab Cove Visitor Center in Alameda. “We can’t say for sure why we’re seeing so many, but the Bay temperatures are definitely warmer this year,” Dill said.

The warm coastal waters also are linked to the appearance of a small pink slug called Hopkin’s rose nudibranch in Northern California waters this year, said Terry Gosliner, senior curator at the California Academy of Sciences in San Francisco. The small slug is typically found much farther south of the Bay Area.

Giant sea slugs called sea hares have been washing up in some East Bay beaches in unusual numbers this summer. (Courtesy of Morgan Dill)

Giant sea slugs called sea hares have been washing up in some East Bay beaches in unusual numbers this summer. (Courtesy of Morgan Dill) ( Morgan Dill )

“We’re seeing more of these kinds of warming events, and I suspect it may be part of long-term global change,” Gosliner said. “These are signals.”

He said the abundance of sea hares also may be related to a periodic population boom in the mollusks.

Read more: http://www.mercurynews.com/my-town/ci_28302227/invasion-blob-giant-purple-sea-slugs-slime-east

 

 

That Massive Ocean Cleaning System Is Planned to Be Launched in 2016


Ocean Cleaning System

Earth’s oceans are overloaded with plastic bags and other kinds of synthetic debris, which can be deadly for aquatic animals and detrimental to the marine environment in general. According to a 2014 study, there are 5.25 trillion pieces of plastic weighing 269,000 tons dispersed in oceans! This pollution is estimated to harm 100,000 sea turtles and marine mammals and 1,000,000 ocean animals each year.

Fortunately, there are some people who are concerned about this problem and are going to do something about it. Remember that 19 year old inventor (now 21) that developed the brilliant “ocean cleanup array” plan that we reported about? In 2013, Boyan Slat, founder and CEO of Dutch-registered nonprofit organization The Ocean Cleanup, developed a trash collector which was promised to clean up the world’s oceans in just 5 years. Now, he announced that this ambitious project is going to be deployed in 2016.

The ocean cleanup is planned to start off the coast of Tsushima, an island located between Japan and South-Korea, suffering from a massive plastic pollution problem – it is estimated that one cubic meter of pollution per person gets to the ocean each year. The 2000-meter long system will become the longest floating structure in history and will operate for at least two years.

Ocean Cleaning System

How does the system work? It is an anchored network of floating barriers which collect plastic debris with the help of ocean currents. Thus, the ocean will basically clean itself! After debris gets settled at these barriers, it can be removed or collected to be processed later.

The main goal of Ocean Cleanup is to develop the technological ways to extract and prevent plastic pollution of the oceans. Within five years, the company plans to launch a 100-kilometer long system in the waters between Hawaii and California. According to the Ocean Cleanup’s computer modeling, it would allow to clean up nearly half of the so-called Great Pacific Garbage Patch, a massive collection of plastic particles in the Pacific, in ten years.

ocean

Taking care of the world’s ocean garbage problem is one of the largest environmental challenges mankind faces today. Not only will this first cleanup array contribute to cleaner waters and coasts but it simultaneously is an essential step towards our goal of cleaning up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch,” Slat said.

Images credit: The Ocean Cleanup

http://themindunleashed.org/2015/05/huge-ocean-cleaning-system-is-planned-to-be-launched-in-2016.html

Unprecedented sea lion strandings in California linked to warmer Pacific


SAN FRANCISCO Wed Feb 18, 2015

 (Reuters) – The strandings of a record number of sea lion pups along the California coast this year are linked to a puzzling weather pattern that has warmed their Pacific Ocean habitat and likely impacted fish populations they rely on for food, federal scientists said on Wednesday.

Some 940 stranded sea lions, mostly pups, have been treated by marine mammal centers in California so far this year, according to Justin Viezbicke, West Coast Stranding Coordinator for the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

That is well above the 240 strandings typically seen through April, and scientists suspect the emaciated pups are prematurely leaving Southern California sea lion rookeries to seek food on their own after their mothers failed to return swiftly from hunting trips to nurse.

“These little pups, so desperate and so thin, are leaving the rookeries long before they’re capable of hunting effectively,” said Shawn Johnson, director of veterinary science at the Marine Mammal Center in Sausalito, which has treated 220 stranded animals. “It’s alarming because we haven’t seen this number of stranded pups this early in 40 years.”

The strandings are unusual because the pups, born last June, aren’t supposed to be completely weaned until May.

Satellite data show sea lion mothers are foraging in traditional hunting grounds, but likely spending longer periods away, said Sharon Melin, a biologist with NOAA’s National Marine Mammal Laboratory in Seattle.

Fish populations are likely being disrupted by a layer of ocean water, some 100 meters (330 feet) deep, that is 2 to 5 degrees warmer than usual this time of year along the Pacific Coast from Baja to Alaska’s Aleutian Islands, said NOAA climatologist Nate Mantua.

The change was caused by a weather pattern involving weak northern and strong southern winds that are creating warmer-than-normal conditions.

It’s unclear how many stranded animals will die among the 300,000-strong sea lion population. In 2013, some 70 percent of nursing pups perished in what NOAA declared

Rescued sea lion pups at the Marine Mammal Care Center ( MMCC/Photo

an “unusual mortality event” linked to strandings.

Melin said pups checked on San Miquel Island this month were 44 percent below average weight at seven months old, marking the lowest growth rate since scientists began recording such measurements in the 1990s.

Most of the stranded pups have been recovered in Southern California, but the pups also swim or are carried further north, and may eventually turn up in Washington state and Oregon, according to Johnson.

“We’re braced for more,” Johnson said.

(Editing by Cynthia Johnston and Sandra Maler)

http://www.reuters.com/article/2015/02/19/us-usa-wildlife-california-idUSKBN0LN01620150219

Ed. note: Typical propaganda from Rueters aimed at keeping the masses asleep, unaware that the oceans are in a state of collapse from Fukushima radiation, over fishing, garbage, toxins, mercury etc. The fact is sea lion stranding’s are getting worse every year and the public is being lied to, once again.

Lest we forget, Reuters is owned by the Rothschilds.

Take Action ~ Protect Deep-Sea Corals from Damaging Bottom-Trawl Fishing


 

,mDeep-sea corals provide habitat for countless species in the mid-Atlantic region. These stationary, cold-water corals are under threat from bottom-trawl fishing that drags heavy nets across the seafloor, scraping up everything in their path.

The Mid-Atlantic Fishery Management Council has proposed a plan to use its authority under federal law to proactively “minimize the impacts of fishing gear on deep-sea corals,” but it has not yet determined the extent of that protection.

This plan could establish the largest habitat protection area in the history of Atlantic fishery management and protect deep-sea corals by preventing bottom-trawl fishing gear from being used in the deep-sea regions where these corals exist.

Please send a public comment to the MAFMC encouraging full protection for this vital foundation of the Atlantic Ocean ecosystem.

Stunning Siphonophore


E/V Nautilus, the current ship of exploration of Titanic discoverer Dr. Robert Ballard, is exploring the ocean studying biology, geology, archeology, and more. Watch http://www.nautiluslive.org for LIVE video from the ocean floor. For dive updates follow along on social media at http://www.facebook.com/nautiluslive and http://www.twitter.com/evnautilus on Twitter.

This beautiful colonial organism drifted past Hercules’ cameras, and we followed it for as long as we could keep track. They are made up of many smaller animals called zooids, and can be found floating around the pelagic zone in ocean basins around the world. One famous siphonophore species is the deadly Portugese Man O’ War.

We would like to credit Wikipedia for the information read aloud toward the end of the video.

About Us:

The Ocean Exploration Trust was founded in 2008 by Titanic discoverer Dr. Robert Ballard to engage in pure ocean exploration. Our international programs center on scientific exploration of the seafloor and many of our expeditions are launched from aboard Exploration Vessel (E/V) Nautilus, a 64-meter research vessel operated by the Ocean Exploration Trust. In addition to conducting scientific research, we offer our expeditions to explorers on shore via live video, audio, and data feeds from the field. We also bring educators and students of all ages aboard during E/V Nautilus expeditions, offering them hands-on experience in ocean exploration, research, and communications.

Faroese Lies and the Lying Liars that Tell the Lies ~ Commentary by Sea Shepherd Captain Paul Watson


Note: Please share freely, the only way to fight willful ignorance is BOYCOTTING the Farose Islands. Take your vacation dollars elsewhere until a time when the Farose peoples discontinue this shameful, cruel, inhumane, outdated tradition that has no grounding in unity consciousness or reverence for sentient life. Mahalo, Annette

Faroese Lies and the Lying Liars that Tell the Lies. Commentary by Captain Paul Watson I've received quite a few angry messages from the Faroes and also from Denmark claiming they do not kill Atlantic White-sided dolphins. The Faroese are trying to say that Sea Shepherd harassed the dolphins today for no reason, because the Faroese whalers had no intention of killing them. They are blatantly telling the media that they don't kill White-sided dolphins.  They are liars. In August 2013 they killed 450 Atlantic White-sided dolphins.  If they are so damn proud of the pilot whales and the dolphins they kill in their despicable Grindacrap why are they denying this? Why? Because they want to accuse Sea Shepherd of harassment of dolphins. It is the same as the Canadians and their "Seal Protection Act" which makes it illegal to protect a baby seal. If you are convicted of breaking the Seal Protection Act because you tried to save a seals life, your record will simply say you were convicted of harassing a seal.  Here is a picture of an Atlantic White-sided dolphin lying dead on a Faroese dock. Funny thing that, considering they say they don't kill Atlantic White-sided dolphins. What they say and what they do generally tends to be quite different.

I’ve received quite a few angry messages from the Faroes and also from Denmark claiming they do not kill Atlantic White-sided dolphins. The Faroese are trying to say that Sea Shepherd harassed the dolphins today for no reason, because the Faroese whalers had no intention of killing them. They are blatantly telling the media that they don’t kill White-sided dolphins.

They are liars.

In August 2013 they killed 450 Atlantic White-sided dolphins.

If they are so damn proud of the pilot whales and the dolphins they kill in their despicable Grindacrap why are they denying this?

Why? Because they want to accuse Sea Shepherd of harassment of dolphins. It is the same as the Canadians and their “Seal Protection Act” which makes it illegal to protect a baby seal. If you are convicted of breaking the Seal Protection Act because you tried to save a seals life, your record will simply say you were convicted of harassing a seal.

Here is a picture of an Atlantic White-sided dolphin lying dead on a Faroese dock. Funny thing that, considering they say they don’t kill Atlantic White-sided dolphins. What they say and what they do generally tends to be quite different.

Huge ‘whirlpools’ in the ocean are driving the weather


Ocean whirlpool 1

The 90-mile-wide whirlpool, spotted off the coast of South Africa by Nasa’s Terra satellite in February 2012.

Giant “whirlpools” in the ocean, up to 500 kilometers across, are driving the world’s climate on a scale previously unimagined. We just don’t know exactly how yet.

The bodies of swirling water, called mesoscale eddies, are 100 km to 500 km in diameter. They form when patches of water are destabilised by obstacles like islands. The eddies carry huge volumes of water and heat across the oceans, until they slowly stop spinning over days or months and reintegrate with the surrounding water.

The assumption was that they gradually diffused the heat they carried in all directions as they travelled, which would hardly do anything to the climate. Now, for the first time, the amount of water and heat they carry has been measured and it turns out the eddies have a big effect after all.

Bo Qiu at the University of Hawaii in Honolulu and colleagues used satellite data from 1992 to 2010 to spot eddies, and floating sensors to map their shapes, volumes and temperatures.

ocean whirlpool

© Sergey Kryazhimskiy

The team found the eddies move as much water as the biggest ocean currents. They mostly move west, driven by the spinning of the Earth. As a result, over 30 million tonnes of water arrive on the east coasts of continents every second.

Westward water

“The amount of water they can carry westward was a huge surprise,” says Qiu.

It’s not clear what this means for the weather, but it is likely to be significant. Some of the world’s biggest sources of climate variability, such as the El Niño Southern Oscillation, are powered by heat moving around the oceans, driven by wind and ocean currents. The eddies could have similar effects, says Qiu, and once we understand them it should help us create more accurate predictions of the regional effects of climate change.

For instance, eddy-driven currents are probably exacerbating extreme weather around Japan, says Wenju Cai from CSIRO in Melbourne, Australia. Warm water carried by the giant Kuroshio current drives extreme weather, and the eddies carry even more warm water, making the weather worse.

It’s also unclear how the eddies will affect weather in the future. It will depend on how climate change affects them, which Qiu says they haven’t looked at yet.

It may be that the eddies get bigger and more common in a warmer world. They are the ocean equivalent of storms, and since storms and hurricanes are predicted to become more powerful due to the extra heat energy, the eddies might too.

http://www.sott.net/article/281104-Huge-whirlpools-in-the-ocean-are-driving-the-weather

The Dophin Brain and Intelligence


 

The dolphin’s brain is the second most powerful and complex brain in animals (next to the human brain, of course). Intelligence may be defined as a measure of the brain’s ability to process information in ways that solve problems and enhance one’s survival. Measuring intelligence may be quite different for animals that have evolved in water versus those living on land, as the challanges required to survive in water are quite different than those required on land. Much debate exists regarding dolphin “intelligence”. Dolphins have a large brain. Large brain animals like humans, chimpanzees, and dolphins have a number of things in common. They generally live long lives. They form stable communities. They live in fluid social groups. And they demonstrate total parental dependence during childhood.

 

An appropriate IQ test to measure dolphin intelligence does not exist. It is impossible to fully assess this animal’s level of intelligence in this manner. But another way which has been suggested to measure intelligence is by determining the measure of relative brain size defined as the ratio between actual brain mass and predicted brain mass for an animal of a given size. This is called the “encephalization quotient”, or EQ. This measurement suggests the higher the number, the greater the intelligence. The human EQ is 7.0. The EQ for great apes, elephants, chimpanzees and whales is about 1.8-2.3, meaning they have smaller brains for their body size than do humans. The dolphin’s EQ is 4.2, the closest EQ ratio to the human than any other animal.

Additionally, the degree to which the cerebral cortex is folded appears to be a measure of intelligence. The more folded the cortex, the more room within the brain to house additional neurons (brain cells) with which to perform processing of information. Recently published information regarding the increased folding of Albert Einstein’s cerebral cortex compared to that of other humans supports this theory. The only animal to have a more folded cortex than man is the dolphin. This picture is of the human brain. Some scientists believe the major reason for such a large brain is to process information from the dolphin’s complex echolocation, or biosonar, system. But there is no evidence to support this belief. The theory most commonly accepted is that  this larger brain evolved to support more complex cognitive abilities. They can remember events and learn concepts, changing their behavior as a result of previous experience. They can communicate with each other during cooperative behaviors, manage relationships in their pods and raise their young. They can understand not only symbolic (sign) language words but can interpret the syntax (word) order of language. This understanding of syntax is highly indicative of intelligence. Signature whistles produced by dolphins (see the “vocalization” chapter of this website) serve to offer some evidence that dolphins have a self-awareness, or the capacity to have a concept of “self” and to know that one exists as an individual being. Self-awareness exists in the brain’s pre-frontal cortex. Other than in dolphins, self-awareness appears to exist only in large brained primates and man.

As a result of the study of Alzheimer’s disease in man, human spindle neurons (specialized nerve cells in the brain) have been found to be associated with the ability to recognize, remember, reason, communicate, perceive, adapt to change, problem solve and understand. Autopsies of deceased Alzheimer patients’ brains show a high frequency of deteriorated spindle neurons. Recently spindle neurons have been isolated in the brains of the true (baleen) whales. This finding suggests true whales possess these advanced abilities which, in the past were only associated with man and primates. It has long been suspected that dolphins have the ability to recognize individuals and objects, remember tasks, problem solve, adapt to change and learn complex tasks. Research done at the Department of Neuroscience at Mount Sinai Medical School (C. Butti, et.al., J Comp Neurol 515 [2], 243-59, 2009) proves spindle cells are present in the dolphin brain, as well, giving credence to these suspicions.

The Dolphin Institute in Honolulu, Hawaii has been conducting research in marine mammal behavior for the past 30 years. They have greatly advanced our knowledge of dolphin behavior and intelligence through their work. The following is a summary of the findings from a number of their research projects:

Dolphins, like humans, are capable of behavioral mimicry. In other words, they can imitate behaviors demonstrated by their human trainers. If a human raises his leg, the dolphin can recognize the relationship the human body part has to its own anatomy and will raise its tail. This indicates the animal can associate a part of its anatomy with the human form.

It can also mimic another dolphin. This is demonstrated by the performance of synchronous behaviors. If one dolphin is about to perform a bow (jump) another animal can copy this behavior and jump at the same time with this animal. One dolphin is said to act as a “demonstrator”, while the other animal is the “imitator” of such behaviors. (See the “Jumping – Bows” section of this web site for a video illustrating synchronous behavior in dolphins.) 

Dolphins are also able to interpret televised behaviors and to respond to gestures shown on the screen upon being exposed to television for the first time. This is the first demonstration in any animal species (other than the human) of behavioral response to televised gestures. Dogs, cats and chimpanzees have not shown such responses in similar research protocols. This research has changed the way in which we have in the past classified dolphins primarily as acoustic specialists. We now realize they are visual specialists as well, using both sight and sound to succeed in their aquatic environment.

Dolphins have been shown to recognize themselves in a mirror, using what is called “contingency testing”, or making movements while examining themselves for this movement. This finding is unexpected as dolphins primarily experience the world through sound and their echolocation system would not function in a 2-dimensional (mirror) reflection.

They are aware of their own recent behaviors and can repeat a behavior or, when asked by a trainer, perform a behavior which has not been performed recently. Commands representing “repeat” or commands representing “any” result in the repeating of a recent behavior or choosing any non-recent behavior, respectively. This shows the ability of a dolphin to maintain a mental image of the behavior it last performed and update that image as each new behavior is performed, repeating the latest behavior in this sequence when requested.

Dolphins respond to a trainer pointing to an object. Not only do dolphins understand and respond appropriately to a human pointing directly at an object, they respond appropriately to a cross-body point (placing ones arm across the body pointing to the object). An example of an appropriate response to pointing would be to retrieve an object to which the trainer points or to move an object from point “A” to point “B”.

The ability of military personnel to watch a radar screen for hours on end without losing concentration was studied during World War II. A similar study of the dolphin’s ability to remain focused on tasks requiring protracted concentration has yielded interesting results. Using a program that flashes 60 images and sounds for 1 second each separated by one-half second intervals, dolphins were able to stay focused on the task of identifying the critical image or sound between 95-100% of the time. This demonstrates the dolphin’s ability to remain attentive for long periods and to make rapid discriminations between critical and non-critical images and sounds with a high degree of accuracy.

Besides being aware of themselves, dolphins experience basic emotions, engage themselves in some degree of abstract, conceptual thought, choose their actions, learn by observing, understand the structure of their environment, learn what works and what doesn’t by solving problems. and create new solutions to problems with which they are presented. When interacting with man, they appear to recognize the difference between children and adults and tend to be more gentle and patient with children.

Site Content

Understanddolphins.com contains information condensed from a number of reputable technical sources, peer reviewed journal articles, and respected dolphin research facilities, as well as from my personal experiences and observations as a dolphin VIP Tour Guide and Educator.

I have made every attempt to support the information presented in this site with video and still photographic images. On a regular basis I plan to produce more of these images and will continue to update the site with these as well as with any new and scientifically verified information which becomes available.

 http://understanddolphins.tripod.com/dolphinbrainandintelligence.html

Report Exposes Companies That Dumped 206 Million Pounds Of Toxic Chemicals Into U.S. Waterways


Research from Environment America shows that 2012 was a bigger year for toxic chemical dumping than most of us could have imagined.

Colorado Flooding-Drilling

Research from Environment America shows that 2012 was a bigger year for toxic chemical dumping than most of us could have imagined.

Industrial facilities across the U.S. dumped more than 206 million pounds of toxic chemicals into waterways in 2012, according to the “Wasting Our Waterways” report. The figures about the nation, as a whole, are stark, as are figures about individual regions and companies. For instance, Tyson Foods Inc. alone dumped more than 18.5 million pounds—about 9 percent of the nationwide total.

“America’s waterways should be clean—for swimming, drinking and supporting wildlife,” said Ally Fields, clean water advocate for Environment America’s Research and Policy Center. “But too often, our waters have become a dumping ground for polluters. The first step to curb this tide of toxic pollution is to restore Clean Water Act protections to all our waterways.”

Hope for such a legislative restoration explains the report’s timing. It arrives as the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency considers restoring protections to about 2 million miles of waterways. The public comment period for the proposal ends in October.

“Looking at the data from our report [last week], you can see why polluters might oppose any efforts to better protect our waters,” Fields said. “That’s why we are working with farmerssmall businesses and hundreds of thousands of ordinary Americans to make sure our voices for clean water are heard in Washington D.C.

“The future of the waterways we love—from the Chesapeake Bay to the Colorado River—hangs in the balance.”

Here are some other findings:

  • Watersheds receiving the highest volumes of toxic pollution were the Lower Ohio River-Little Pigeon River (Indiana, Illinois and Kentucky), the Upper New River (Virginia) and the Middle Savannah River (Georgia and South Carolina).
  • Of the top 10 parent-companies releasing the largest amount of toxins, four are corporate agribusiness companies: Tyson, Cargill Inc., Perdue Farms Inc. and Pilgrims Pride Corp.
  • Industrial facilities released more than 1.4 million pounds of chemicals linked to cancer into 688 local watersheds during 2012, including arsenic, benzene and chromium. The North Fork Humboldt River watershed in Nevada received the largest release of carcinogens among local watersheds, followed by the Lake Maurepas watershed in Louisiana.

The report also provides a state-by-state breakdown of the toxic dumping, along with a ranking of dumping companies around the country.

“It’s high time that we restore protections for the drinking water for 1 in 3 Americans,” said Fields. “That’s why [we released] this report and running an ad in Politico as part of a broad effort to educate the public and engage elected officials to weigh in with the Obama administration in support of its Clean Water Act rule making.”

http://www.mintpressnews.com/report-exposes-companies-dumped-206-million-pounds-toxic-chemicals-u-s-waterways/192856/

US Navy Sued for Violating Marine Mammal Protection Act in Connection with Sonar Training Exercises


 Finally, someone is taking action to suspend the psychopathic assault on cetaceans and other ocean marine life by the U.S. Navy. It’s time for the military’s killing spree to end, we’ve had ENOUGH. The nature kingdom is at a breaking point and can take no more environmental destruction. You can help bring attention to this matter so this story doesn’t disappear, dolphins and whales don’t have a voice,please share freely… mahalo!. ~A~}

Jan 28, 2014 03:10 PM EST
Dolphins

A lawsuit filed Monday accuses the US Navy and the National Marine Fisheries Services of violating the Marine Mammal Protection act by their role in allowing a series of planned underwater activities including open-sea bombing drills and sonar activities that, by the Navy’s own account, will affect millions of marine mammals.
(Photo : Creative Commons Via Flickr/ lowjumpingfrog)

A lawsuit filed Monday accuses the US Navy and the National Marine Fisheries Services of violating the Marine Mammal Protection act by their role in allowing a series of planned underwater activities including open-sea bombing drills and sonar activities that, by the Navy’s own account, will affect millions of marine mammals.

Dolphins, whales and other marine mammals that depend on sonar and echolocation to find food and navigate, will be in the crosshairs of a five-year naval exercise in the waters between Southern California and Hawaii.

The lawsuit, which was filed by the influential non-profit group National Resources Defense Council (NRDC) and several conservation organizations, says that the federal government, via the National Marine Fisheries Services, illegally granted the Navy permission to harm marine mammals during its ongoing underwater sonar and explosives training activities, which are scheduled to take place until 2018.

Compared to similar activities done in the previous five years, the Navy plans to increase its sonar training activities by 1,100 percent between now and 2018, the NRDC reported, citing a National Marine Fisheries Services ruling allowing the increase activity.

Michael Jasny, the director of the NRDC marine mammal protection project, said the Navy’s activities over the next five years will not be sustainable and will harm marine mammals approximately 9.6 million times.

“The science proving the link between sonar exposure and population decline is mounting. And so are the solutions that could prevent thousands of needless injuries and hundreds of deaths,” Jasny said in a statement. “There are more than 35 species of whales and dolphins that make Southern California and Hawaiian waters their home, including endangered blue whales, fin whales and hearing-sensitive beaked whales. All are at risk from this preventable harm.”

In August of 2013, the Navy’s own environmental impact surveys reported that millions of animals would be affected by its underwater sonar training, underwater detonations, and gunnery exercises.

While it only projected 155 marine mammal moralities for its operations off the coast of Hawaii and Southern California, the Navy estimated 2,000 marine mammals would suffer permanent hearing loss or other permanent injury and millions of marine mammals with temporary hearing loss.

“The Navy’s analysis indicates that while large numbers of marine mammals may be affected by sonar and explosives activities, over 99.9 percent of the animals affected will experience only temporary behavioral effects that do not result in injury,” Rear Adm. Kevin Slates, the energy and environmental readiness division director for the Navy, said in a statement made in August.

At the time, Slate said that live training exercises were necessary to prepare for real-life situations.

“The Navy will operate its most powerful sonar systems for nearly 60,000 hours over the next five years, more than triple the number of hours it was authorized to use these systems in the last five years,” the lawsuit against the Navy states. “There is no dispute that the Navy’s use of mid-frequency sonar can kill, injure, and disturb marine mammals. Both the Service and the Navy acknowledge that the use of mid-frequency sonar during Navy exercises has contributed to mass strandings of whales and other marine mammals. During the next five years, the Navy will also detonate more tha 250,000 explosives. At least 7,000 of these detonations will be more powerful than the charge that killed at least three dolphins during a Navy training exercise in southern California in 2011.”

Blue whales and beaked whale will fall victim to the training exercises. Beaked whales are a deep-diving species that are not well understood by science, and blue whales can grow to be the largest living creatures on Earth.

The death of up to 10 beaked whales and as many as 13 blue whales is authorized for the Navy’s five-year operation.

“This is an unprecedented level of harm,” Zak Smith, an attorney with the NRDC, told the Los Angeles Times. “In order to authorize these impacts on marine mammals, the service had to turn its back on the best available science.”

The lawsuit states that blue whale populations have not increased off the western North America coast in the last two decades and that the military exercises “may pose significant risks to the recovery rates of endangered blue whale populations.”

“The sonar will also threaten the western gray whale, one of the most endangered whales in the world,” said Doug Norlen of Pacific Environment, a California-based non-profit and plaintiff in the case against the federal government. “With a population of only about 150 individuals, including 30 females of calving age, any injuries or deaths would be devastating. Surely the Navy can find a way to protect our seas without killing its wildlife.”

The lawsuit challenges the National Marine Fisheries Services’ authorization of “takes” during the naval operation, as well as the supposition that the Navy’s activities will not jeopardize the recovery of the blue whale. It asks that the the authorization to voided and that the Navy be forced to comply state and federal environmental laws and that the training be restricted to certain times and locations.

http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/5803/20140128/navy-sued-violating-marine-mammal-protection-act-connection-sonar-training.htm

Drones Over Dolphin Stampede and Whales off Dana Point and Maui


Captain Dave Anderson of Capt. Dave’s Dolphin and Whale Safari in Dana Point, California, at great personal risk, has recently filmed and edited a 5-minute video that contains some of the most beautiful, jaw-dropping, footage ever taken with a drone from the air of a huge mega-pod of thousands of common dolphins stampeding off Dana Point, California, three gray whales migrating together down the coast off San Clemente, California, and heartwarming close-ups hovering over a newborn Humpback whale calf snuggling and playing with its mom as an escort whale stands guard nearby, filmed recently in Maui.

According to N.O.A.A. Southern California has the greatest density of dolphins in the world. We have pods up to 10,000 strong stretched out for miles like the wildebeests of Africa. Over 400,000 common dolphin alone. We also have the largest concentration of blue whales on earth.

Capt. Dave explains, “This is the most beautiful and compelling five minute video I have ever put together. I learned so much about these whales and dolphins from this drone footage that it feels like I have entered a new dimension! I have not been this excited about a new technology since we built our underwater viewing pods on our whale watching boat. Drones are going to change how we view the animal world. Wow!”

Capt. Dave had to film this off a small inflatable boat, launching and catching the quadcopter drone by hand where a miss could mean injury to him from the four propeller blades or loss of the drone. He actually lost one drone on takeoff when it nicked his small VHF radio antenna on the 14 foot rigid inflatable he was filming from and it went into the water. Alone six miles offshore Capt. Dave , without thinking , dove into the cold, late-January waters off Dana Point to retrieve the valuable footage taken on a flight a half hour earlier that morning. “I had my hat and glasses on, I was fully clothed with long-johns on to keep warm and my cell phone and wallet in my pocket,” Captain Dave explained. “It was a stupid move, but the copter started sinking so fast it was my only hope to get the amazing footage I had just shot”. Since then he has attached flotation to the skids, which would save the footage, but every flight over the water still risks the DJI Phantom 2 quadcopter with a small GoPro HERO3 Black camera on it, as the $1,700 rig is not waterproof and the skids will not keep it upright on the ocean.

“I get so nervous every flight over the water now, after the accident, my hands start shaking,” explains Capt. Dave. “My wife says no more drones if I lose this one. But she said that before I lost the other one. Now that she’s seen what it can do, I think she’s just as hooked as I am”.

“This technology, that offers such steady footage from the air for such a low price and is so easy to fly, is new. This was a ten or twenty thousand dollar copter a few years ago and flying those took a great deal of skill. I can’t wait to see what footage this year will bring with this drone, getting a different perspective on the amazing sightings we already have off Dana Point. There is debate in many states right now about making use of these drones illegal. People are justifiably concerned about invasion of privacy. But it would be a shame to have this new window into a whale’s world taken away.”

Entanglement in fishing gear takes the lives of nearly 1,000 dolphins and whales ever day around the world. Captain Dave formed Orange County’s first whale disentanglement group in 2008 and has been involved in disentangling several whales, including a gray whale named Lily, whose disentanglement in Dana Point Harbor made national headlines. He authored the award-winning book, “Lily, A Gray Whale’s Odyssey”, which won eight awards in 2013 including the prestigious Benjamin Franklin award for Best New Voice from the Independent Book Publishers Association.

A Special Note From Captain Dave:

Attention any would be whale videographers: please only attempt this if you are extremely familiar with whale behavior as it is illegal to do anything that causes the whales to change their normal behavior with big fines- and the authorities do watch YouTube. Different areas have different laws on approaching whales. I am a whale watch captain with nearly 20 years of experience. All laws were obeyed by us during filming. In Maui we sat watching whales from a distance for hours before they moved closer to us. You can never approach them there closer than 100 yards. The Mom and calf as you can see in the film were completely undisturbed by the small drone. NOAA is currently reviewing drones and may create laws or guidelines for using them around whales.

Fully licensed music by David Hollandsworth, themusicase.com

Video footage is copyright David Anderson/DolphinSafari.com and may not be used without permission.

*****
(949) 488-2828
captdave@cox.net
http://www.dolphinsafari.com
http://www.facebook.com/dolphin.whale…

About This Project: Looting the Seas III


Jack mackerel was once one of the world’s most abundant fish.
Jack mackerel was once one of the world’s most abundant fish.

Looting the Seas is an award-winning project by the International Consortium of Investigative Journalists looking at forces that are rapidly emptying the oceans of fish. In its first installment ICIJ documented the massive black market in threatened bluefin tuna. In the second, it revealed that billions of dollars in subsidies flow into the Spanish fishing industry despite its record of flouting rules and breaking the law.

For the last of the three-part investigation, ICIJ reporters focused on an unlikely protagonist: the bony, bronzed-hued jack mackerel in the southern Pacific. Industrial fleets, after fishing out other waters decimated it at stunning speed. Since so much jack mackerel is reduced to fishmeal for aquaculture and pigs, we eat it unaware with each forkful of farmed salmon.

The plunder continues today as the world’s largest trawlers head south before binding quotas are established. Not long ago, this was one of the world’s richest fishing grounds.

ICIJ reporters ranged from New Zealand’s South Island to the top of Norway and from ramshackle wharves in Chile and Peru to carpeted offices in Brussels and Hong Kong. They conducted more than 100 interviews; filed freedom of information requests in the European Union, Peru and the Netherlands; and analyzed more than 100,000 catch and inspection records.

In Chile, where the damage is greatest, Juan Pablo Figueroa Lasch of the investigative reporting center CIPER looked at the few powerful families and industrial groups that control 87 percent of the jack mackerel catch. He lived aboard the Santa María II, watching as fishermen hauled up mostly empty nets.

In Peru, Milagros Salazar of IDL-Reporteros investigated another species used for fishmeal, anchoveta. It is the world’s largest fishery. She found cheating so massive — at rigged scales and unsupervised docks — that at least 630,000 tons of fish “vanished” in just two and a half years.

Fish, the reporters found, are at the heart of geopolitical wrangling among governments that protect, and often subsidize, their fleets. Mar Cabra, who covered Brussels, is still waiting for most EU records she requested through freedom of information laws. EU officials refused to give her catch records, saying disclosure would undermine the “protection of commercial interests.”

Plenty of sources spoke frankly and at length. When Mort Rosenblum asked to speak with the elusive Ng Joo Siang, head of the giant Hong Kong fishing conglomerate, Pacific Andes, the company’s outsourced public relations people refused to transmit the request. But a call to the man’s cell phone produced a lengthy and revealing interview.

Our media partners are Le Monde (France), the International Herald TribuneEl Mundo (Spain) and Trouw (The Netherlands). In addition, ICIJ is co-producing a documentary with London-based tve that is planned to air on BBC World News TV in the spring.

The team:

Project Manager: Mort Rosenblum

Editors: Marina Walker Guevara and Gerard Ryle

Reporters: Mar Cabra, Juan Pablo Figueroa Lasch, Milagros Salazar, Roman Anin, Irene Jay Liu, Kate Willson and Nicky Hager

Data Editor: David Donald

Data Analysis: Milagros Salazar and Miguel López Chauca

Web: Sarah Whitmire

Graphics: Ajani Winston

Awards:

Gerard Ryle, Marina Walker, and the ICIJ team have been chosen by the judges in the Whitman Bassow Award for best reporting in any medium on international environmental issues to receive a Citation (Honorable Mention) for their work on “Plunder in the Pacific” (the third and final Looting the Seas project).

PRESS RELEASE: Deciphering Dolphin Language with Picture Words


                                            DOLPHIN CYMAGRAPHS :: SPEAKDOLPHIN.COM

“In an important breakthrough in deciphering dolphin language, researchers in Great Britain and the United States have imaged the first high definition imprints that dolphin sounds make in water.

The key to this technique is the CymaScope, a new instrument that reveals detailed structures within sounds, allowing their architecture to be studied pictorially. Using high definition audio recordings of dolphins, the research team, headed by English acoustics engineer, John Stuart Reid and Florida-based dolphin researcher, Jack Kassewitz, has been able to image, for the first time, the imprint that a dolphin sound makes in water. The resulting “CymaGlyphs,” as they have been named, are reproducible patterns that are expected to form the basis of a lexicon of dolphin language, each pattern representing a dolphin “picture word.”

Certain sounds made by dolphins have long been suspected to represent language but the complexity of the sounds has made their analysis difficult. Previous techniques, using the spectrograph, display cetacean (dolphins, whales and porpoises) sounds only as graphs of frequency and amplitude. The CymaScope captures actual sound vibrations imprinted in the dolphin’s natural environment—water, revealing the intricate visual details of dolphin sounds for the first time.

Within the field of cetacean research, theory states that dolphins have evolved the ability to translate dimensional information from their echolocation sonic beam. The CymaScope has the ability to visualize dimensional structure within sound. CymaGlyph patterns may resemble what the creatures perceive from their own returning sound beams and from the sound beams of other dolphins.

Reid said that the technique has similarities to deciphering Egyptian hieroglyphs. “Jean-Francois Champollion and Thomas Young used the Rosetta Stone to discover key elements of the primer that allowed the Egyptian language to be deciphered. The CymaGlyphs produced on the CymaScope can be likened to the hieroglyphs of the Rosetta Stone. Now that dolphin chirps, click-trains and whistles can be converted into CymaGlyphs, we have an important tool for deciphering their meaning.”

Kassewitz, of the Florida-based dolphin communication research project SpeakDolphin.com said, “There is strong evidence that dolphins are able to ‘see’ with sound, much like humans use ultrasound to see an unborn child in the mother’s womb. The CymaScope provides our first glimpse into what the dolphins might be ‘seeing’ with their sounds.”

The team has recognized that sound does not travel in waves, as is popularly believed, but in expanding holographic bubbles and beams. The holographic aspect stems from the physics theory that even a single molecule of air or water carries all the information that describes the qualities and intensity of a given sound. At frequencies audible to humans (20 Hertz to 20,000 Hertz) the sound-bubble form dominates; above 20,000 Hertz the shape of sound becomes increasingly beam shaped, similar to a lighthouse beam in appearance.

Reid explained their novel sound imaging technique: “Whenever sound bubbles or beams interact with a membrane, the sound vibrations imprint onto its surface and form a CymaGlyph, a repeatable pattern of energy. The CymaScope employs the surface tension of water as a membrane because water reacts quickly and is able to reveal intricate architectures within the sound form. These fine details can be captured on camera.”

Kassewitz has planned a series of experiments to record the sounds of dolphins targeting a range of objects. Speaking from Key Largo, Florida, he said, “Dolphins are able to emit complex sounds far above the human range of hearing. Recent advances in high frequency recording techniques have made it possible for us to capture more detail in dolphin sounds than ever before. By recording dolphins as they echolocate on various objects, and also as they communicate with other dolphins about those objects, we will build a library of dolphin sounds, verifying that the same sound is always repeated for the same object. The CymaScope will be used to image the sounds so that each CymaGlyph will represent a dolphin ‘picture word’. Our ultimate aim is to speak to dolphins with a basic vocabulary of dolphin sounds and to understand their responses. This is uncharted territory but it looks very promising.”

Dr. Horace Dobbs, a leading authority on dolphin-assisted therapy, has joined the team as consultant. “I have long held the belief that the dolphin brain, comparable in size with our own, has specialized in processing auditory data in much the same way that the human brain has specialized in processing visual data. Nature tends not to evolve brain mass without a need, so we must ask ourselves what dolphins do with all that brain capacity. The answer appears to lie in the development of brain systems that require huge auditory processing power. There is growing evidence that dolphins can take a sonic ‘snap shot’ of an object and send it to other dolphins, using sound as the transmission medium. We can therefore hypothesize that the dolphin’s primary method of communication is picture based. Thus, the picture-based imaging method, employed by Reid and Kassewitz, seems entirely plausible.”

The CymaGlyphs of dolphin sounds fall into three broad categories, signature whistles, chirps and click trains. There is general agreement among cetacean biologists that signature whistles represent the means by which individual dolphins identify themselves while click trains are involved in echolocation. Chirps are thought to represent components of language. Reid explained the visual form of the various dolphin sounds, “The CymaGlyphs of signature whistles comprise regular concentric bands of energy that resemble aircraft radar screens while chirps are often flower-like in structure, resembling the CymaGlyphs of human vocalizations. Click trains have the most complex structures of all, featuring a combination of tightly packed concentric bands on the periphery with unique central features.”

Regarding the possibility of speaking dolphin, Kassewitz said, “I believe that people around the world would love the opportunity to speak with a dolphin. And I feel certain that dolphins would love the chance to speak with us—if for no other reason than self-preservation. During my times in the water with dolphins, there have been several occasions when they seemed to be very determined to communicate with me. We are getting closer to making that possible.”

– from www.speakdolphin.com/ResearchItems.cfm?ID=6

 

Taiwan’s critically endangered pink dolphins in 2010


Uploaded on Mar 2, 2010

wildathearttwwildathearttw

The first scientific study of Taiwan’s pink dolphins (Sousa chinensis), otherwise known as Indo-Pacific humpback dolphins or, locally, as “Matsu’s Fish”, was carried out in 2002. But FormosaCetus Research and Conservation Group have already shown that the population, which is resident in shallow waters along Taiwan’s west coast, is tiny (less than 70), isolated and distinct from other pink dolphin populations in the region – and in serious trouble.

In August 2008, the International Union for Conservation of Nature listed the population as Critically Endangered. In fact, all cetaceans (whales, dolphins and porpoises) are protected under Taiwanese law. But legal protection is meaningless without action, and this population will edge closer and closer towards extinction as long as Taiwan’s government allows the degradation of the dolphins habitat to continue.

(Tip: Go to Google Earth and zoom in on Taiwan’s west coast to get an idea of the extent of artificial modification that has already occurred there.)

The main threats to the dolphins are:
1.Loss of habitat (through land reclamation)
2.Water and air pollution (dolphins are air-breathing mammals)
3.Interactions with fishing gear (cetaceans can get entangled in fishing nets and drown or suffer injuries)
4.Underwater noise (dolphins depend on sound for survival)
5.Reduction of freshwater flow into the estuaries within their habitat (freshwater and sediment from rivers help to make estuaries some of the most productive marine ecosystems in the world)

Matsu’s Fish Conservation Union is a coalition of six Taiwanese not-for-profit, non-governmental grassroots organizations established in January 2007 to push for action to protect Taiwans pink dolphins and west coast environment. The member groups are: Taiwan Academy of Ecology; Wild at Heart Legal Defense Association; Taiwan Environmental Protection Union; Changhua Coast Conservation Action; Taiwan Sustainable Union; and Wild Bird Society of Yunlin.

Matsu’s Fish Conservation Union does what it can with very limited resources, in the face of overwhelming government support for even more industrial development and destructive fishing practices within the dolphins’ 200 km-long coastal habitat. So far we have succeeded in pushing the government to hold interagency meetings to address the issue, to consider the dolphins in Environmental Impact Assessments for development projects, and to act with greater caution when planning major industrial expansion within the area. Whenever someone is preparing to make a decision that may impact the population, we’re up in Taipei monitoring proceedings, delivering the latest scientific information and lobbying for real public participation, including participation by the people who will be directly affected by increasing pollution levels along Taiwan’s west coast.

But although the government is now paying attention, if we don’t maintain pressure – international pressure – to reduce human impacts, those projects will still go ahead and the dolphins will continue on their current path towards extinction.

We urgently need donations to support our lobbying, educational and protest activities and the essential long-term dolphin monitoring project that provides information on how the dolphins are doing. We are currently fundraising for the 2010 pink dolphin monitoring project and for 2010 campaign funds. Your donation will be greatly appreciated, wisely spent and will help us protect these beautiful dolphins as well as countless other lives and the integrity of the extensive ecosystem that supports them.

Donations to MFCU can be made via its secretariat, Wild at Heart Legal Defense Association.

For more information, please write to: comment@wildatheart.org.tw or visit our websites:
MFCU (English): http://taiwansousa.blogspot.com
MFCU (Mandarin): http://twsousa.blogspot.com
Wild at Heart Legal Defense Association: http://en.wildatheart.org.tw

To receive updates and help spread the word, join our facebook group “Save the Taiwan Humpback Dolphin”.

Hanji Version: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m_UQgu…

 

Thousands of migrating sharks close Florida beaches


Swimmers at Florida’s Palm Beach have been told to stay out of the water this week as thousands of sharks have been spotted in shallow waters close to the shoreline.

6:47PM GMT 07

The huge shoal of sharks which has shut down beaches in Florida, is migrating up the east coast of the US to North Carolina.

Tens of thousands of the predators, mostly blacktip and spinner sharks, are moving north for their annual migration.

Researchers at Florida Atlantic University said they had counted about 15,000 sharks.

Experts said the sharks usually migrate earlier in the year during the winter. This year the migration is about a month later than expected.

Local television news stations filmed thousands of sharks in the clear waters off the Florida coast.

Elizabeth Horowitz, who lives across from the beach at Palm Beach, was hoping to catch another glimpse of the sharks on Wednesday.

“People really need to heed these warnings, ” she said. “Thank God it’s a public beach and they have lifeguards.”

Local lifeguards were worried about keeping beach-goers out of the water as the peak of spring holidays approach.

While they’re experienced at shark sightings, Lifeguard Supervisor Craig Pollock said this year the sharks were coming closer to the shore.

“A lot of times when we have a sandbar, the sharks stay off the shore a little further about 50 to 100 yards,” he said.

Source: APTN

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/9916438/Thousands-of-migrating-sharks-close-Florida-beaches.html

Note: Nature is trying to tell us something, we’re seeing a lot of movement in the oceans either their moving away from something, beaching themselves or turning up dead in mass kills. My guess is volcanic and seismic activity that’s releasing methane and hydrogen sulfide from the bottom of the ocean and possibly sonar testing from military or oil producers are wreaking havoc under the surface in certain regions so we’re seeing mass migrations as ocean dwellers seek safer waters that are getting more difficult to find as the earth changes begin accelerate…

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