Damage Control in the Media as Temperatures Drop, Clouds Increase and Arctic Snows Intensify (218) ~ Adapt2030


 

Published in Sept 2016, but contains relevant data and links on global cooling and climate change.

Damage control as clouds increase, snow storms intensify and now to explain it all away new stories stating global warming will result in more snow in the arctic, stronger snow storms and a cease to Greenland Ice cap melting. Matches exactly with the effects of galactic cosmic rays, but the explanation from IPCC is increased ocean evaporation producing more clouds.

Make Money Now Off Weather Predictions Here – https://tradegenius.co/go/ref/23

Rid Your Body of Unwanted Toxins Now! https://www.getthetea.com

Don’t get caught un-prepared stock up on survival food today! http://foodforliberty.com/adapt2030

Never Pay For Cable TV Again with Tiger Stream! https://www.tigerstream.tv use promo code: ADAPT for $50 off

David’s Website http://www.oilseedcrops.org

Jonas: Winter Storms in an Era of Global Warming https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sVfJD…

Potsdam Institute Admits Grand Solar Minimum is here, but down plays the effects https://www.pik-potsdam.de/news/press…

Global Warming means more snow http://phys.org/news/2011-03-global-s… http://www.motherjones.com/blue-marbl…

http://dailycaller.com/2016/05/25/stu…

Global warming could drive increasing Arctic snowfall https://wattsupwiththat.com/2016/05/2…

Now the Greenland Ice sheet will expand because of global warming http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10…

Cosmic Rays form clouds CERN http://notrickszone.com/2016/05/30/th…

Henrik Svensmark – COSMIC RAYS, CLOUDS AND CLIMATE http://www.europhysicsnews.org/articl…

List of failed climate predictions https://wattsupwiththat.com/2014/04/0…

University of Alaska Fairbanks web cam down http://seaice.alaska.edu/gi/observato…

 

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Hurricanes and Solar Storms | Mechanism of Action ~ Suspicious0bservers


 

New Study on Sun/Storms: https://link.springer.com/article/10….

Our Book “Weatherman’s Guide to the Sun” discussed this issue:
[PDF DOWNLOAD: http://OTF.selz.com ]

2018 Conference Page: http://www.observatoryproject.com/otf…

http://www.Suspicious0bservers.org 
http://www.SpaceWeatherNews.com
http://www.QuakeWatch.net
http://www.ObservatoryProject.com
http://www.EarthChanges.org
http://www.MagneticReversal.org

Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/observatoryp…

Birkeland Currents Glowing in Earth’s Skies as the Atmosphere Electrifies Further (379)


Just one month after “Steve” a new type of plasma streamer in glow mode due to strong electrification in Earth’s atmosphere in April 2017, that never before observed phenomenon is back again, but this time the intensity is so strong that the field aligned currents are visible twisting in the skies. Follow that with ground to sky lightning and sprites, blue ionospheric lightning all while we still have a 6x increase in intensity ramp up into the grand solar minimum.

Don’t get caught un-prepared stock up on survival food today!
http://foodforliberty.com/adapt2030

Make Money Now Off Weather Predictions Here –
https://tradegenius.co/go/ref/23

Rid Your Body of Unwanted Toxins Now!
https://www.getthetea.com

Support ADAPT 2030 on PATREON http://www.patreon.com/adapt2030

ADAPT 2030 Mini Ice Age FB Page https://www.facebook.com/Miniiceage

Content Provided by David DuByne http://www.oilseedcrops.org

You can also find this Mini Ice Age Conversations podcast on iTunes / Stitcher Radio / Soundcloud

Podcast Lee Wheelbarger http://www.stitcher.com/podcast/adapt

Sky to ground Lightning https://www.sott.net/article/351557-G…
Max Olson https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FqnQX…
https://www.sott.net/category/4-Earth…
A violent thunderstorm ripped through the Acadian Peninsula, northeastern corner of New Brunswick, Canada on Thursday night, May 18, 2017, https://watchers.news/2017/05/19/majo…
http://www.goes.noaa.gov/goes-w.html
http://www.goes.noaa.gov/goes-w/goes-…
http://spaceweather.com/images2017/22…
http://spaceweather.com/ May 23rd
http://news.spaceweather.com/steve/
http://spaceweathergallery.com/index….
http://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_…
http://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_…
http://spaceweathergallery.com/indiv_…
http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Obs…
https://watchers.news/category/atmosp…
Ground to sky lightning
Rare ‘sprites’ photographed beside Southern Lights http://www.bbc.com/news/world-austral…
An astronaut has recorded a ‘first of its kind’ video of mysterious blue jets of electricity http://www.businessinsider.com/blue-j…
Ville’s research http://www.villesresearch.com/ether.html
http://www.thelivingmoon.com/44cosmic…

2.5 Million mph *Solar Wind* grabs Earth! | Compresses Shields-Quake Outbreak! MrMBB333


Seems as though some large scale events took place today on our little planet. Earth prevailed, but she was trying to tell us today on many different occasions that she was dealing with something big…and sure enough, she was!
http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/products/rea…
#MrMBB333

Night-time Flashing Anomalys, Incoming Rays of Light, Blood Red Skies and Chemtrail Blanketing. What’s going on over the skys of Hawaii they’re trying to hide?


Lately, there are some very strange things happening in our skies. As I dig deeper into what’s going-on, more clues surface. Here’s the latest video, which appears to tie into the earlier post on Blood Red Sky’s – both video’s were taken around mid-nite.

Over the last two weeks in the evenings, I’ve seen these split-second flashes on several occasions  and wondered where they originated.

Knowing that the Hawaiian Kingdom is one of the area’s where ascension energy’s are the heaviest, one can’t help but wonder if all the chemtraiing is an attempt to buffer and deflect space weather, all in an massive and costly effort to prevent beneficial cosmic energy’s from reaching the Earth’s surface and humanity’s Awakening Collective.

FYI…It costs $250,000 an hour for each chemtrail plane up there spraying us like bugs. Do the math…

More feedback and video’s in the following link…

Previous post:  Massive Chemtrailing over the Pacific Ocean and the Hawaiian Kingdom. The midnight sky over the Big Island turns Blood-Red. Coincidence?

Ed. Note: I don’t necessarily agree with the narrators perspective and assessment of what’s going on, but they do capture some interesting anomaly’s. 

Hawaii Cloudcam Shows Planet and Optics System ~ WSO

EARTH-COSMIC RAY DISTURBANCE | NASA TAKES MAGNETOSPHERE SIMULATOR OFF-LINE MrMBB333


Jan. 26, 2017: It appears NASA is once again hiding information from the general public, as if we are not deserving of earth’s magnetic shields data since they have taken all shield simulators at ISWA off-line. Coincidentally, earth is currently sensing a very strange cosmic ray event that has the charts in a very bizarre state. Something is going on in space and they are hiding it…again!
In 2012 we saw a magnetopause compression and a complete reversal. With-in a few weeks it too was “taken” off-line and never returned. That was one of the best instruments for shield data in the world. I’m confident they still use it daily, just not for the public.
#ISWA,#Cosmic,#Rays,#NASA,#NEUTRONS

https://iswa.ccmc.gsfc.nasa.gov/IswaS… (off-line)
http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu/space…
https://www.mrmbb333.com
http://spaceweather.com

Strange pulse appears on seismograms near top of world! ~ MrMBB333


Earth seems to be picking up a strange form of energy and it is showing up on seismograms near the Artic.

Cosmic Rays/Fireballs/Time/Corona MrMBB333


January 8, 2017: Spaceweather news…
Links below…thanks…
http://www.n3kl.org/sun/noaa.html
http://spaceweather.com
http://neutronm.bartol.udel.edu/space…
http://www.amsmeteors.org
http://sdo.gsfc.nasa.gov/data/

James Gilliland on the As You Wish Talk Radio, 24.12. 2016


*Video created by me. Content belongs to James Gilliland, As you wish talk radio and the great artists who took part in all aspects of it. Copyright Disclaimer Under Section 107 of the Copyright Act 1976, allowance is made for “fair use” for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching, scholarship, and research. Fair use is a use permitted by copyright statute that might otherwise be infringing. Non-profit, educational or personal use tips the balance in favor of fair use.*

As You Wish Talk Radio with James Gilliland. James talks about the”Reset,” Christmas & Christ energies, and the “Wave” of energy hitting us now!

For more information have a look here:

– ECETI.org

Energy Waves Hitting Earth, NOW? (Microwave Detection) | 12/19/2016 — Large wave of energy from unknown source hitting Earth now – Possible effects?


(Stillness in the Storm Editor) Kosmic Leo just sent me the following Dutchsinse video reviewing energy waves that appear to be hitting the Earth. This isn’t the first time an event like this has been picked up by weather satellites. If what was recorded is a valid observation then it suggests a huge wave of energy is currently being absorbed by the planet and will likely affect seismology and weather patterns over the next few days.

Related Large Strange Microwave Energy Pulse Hits Planet Earth — Destroys storm near NZ | Dutchsinse

The MIMIC satellite detects rainfall by using microwave energy detectors pointed towards Earth.

Dutch believes that what appeared in the data set from MIMIC indicates some kind of very powerful energy wave that impacted the Earth earlier today and last night.

According to Dutch, MIMIC issued an update saying that the anomalies were due to errors on their system.

Some of the commentary on the video suggests that it could be an EMP or a Gamma Ray burst. Dutch seems to think it is an electrical interaction between the Sun and Earth.

Here is the MIMIC gif:

Image Source.

Could this simply be a random glitch or is there something else that was detected? Official observation agencies are known to cover up anomalous data, especially NASA. Therefore, was the data collected from a valid event?

Assuming it is a real event, could this be energy from the outer solar system as some have suggested? Or is it coming from the Sun in preparation for the “solar sneeze” event spoken of by some secret space program insiders.

– Justin

Published on Dec 18, 2016
December 18th into 19th , 2016

Update : 457pm Dec 19, 2016 – MIMIC has issued a statement via twitter saying this is a mistake, an error in their system…

hmm..

A large wave of energy impacting the entire planet has UNINTENTIONALLY been detected by the MIMIC TPW microwave background imagery. Currently ONGOING as of 12/19/2016 at 1:20am US central time)

link to see the event here:

http://tropic.ssec.wisc.edu/real-time…

http://tropic.ssec.wisc.edu/real-time…

This is not a glitch, computer error, or fake — unless someone at the University decided to fake data for some reason.

This system usually only shows precipitation / water vapor , yet in some rare instances large energy returns can be seen when solar, spaceweather, and other energy events impact the planet.

We have seen examples of X class flares, and large Earth facing Coronal Mass Ejections cause large disruptions of this very same feed — however this “wave” of energy produces a return that crosses the same bandwidths detected (and used by) the MIMIC microwave background system.

The energy spans the planet on both (all) sides over several hours time. This wave of energy started to form on 12/18 at about 15:00UTC, and is currently ongoing.

A check of the X-ray flux monitors from GOES shows low activity, minor solar winds, no major solar storms, Total Electron Content in the ionosphere shows “minimal”…. thus the source / cause of this event is still “unknown”.

If this “event” really occurred (if it’s “real”) then we’re looking at a huge amount of energy impacting the planet causing a planet wide microwave return going off the scales.

Microwaves convert to DC energy in a natural “rectenna” process when the waves become trapped in the Earth’s magnetosphere– the radio waves convert to DC power, and are taken to ground. Ground ultimately being the core of the Earth.

If the event is really occurring, then the potential amount of energy going to the core of the planet would be tremendous — this of course could increase volcanic activity, and cause large earthquakes.

I don’t know what to make of this — this is the first time I’ve ever seen something this large over such a vast area show up on MIMIC like this. Keep watch — the next week may tell the tale on what happens (if anything) from this strange event.

http://sitsshow.blogspot.com/2016/12/energy-waves-hitting-earth-now-microwave-detection-12-19-2016-large-wave-of-energy-from-unknown-source-hitting-earth-now-possible-effects.html

Executive Order — Coordinating Efforts to Prepare the Nation for Space Weather Events


Image result for white house

EXECUTIVE ORDER
– – – – – – –
COORDINATING EFFORTS TO PREPARE
THE NATION FOR SPACE WEATHER EVENTS

By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution and the laws of the United States of America, and to prepare the Nation for space weather events, it is hereby ordered as follows:

Section 1. Policy. Space weather events, in the form of solar flares, solar energetic particles, and geomagnetic disturbances, occur regularly, some with measurable effects on critical infrastructure systems and technologies, such as the Global Positioning System (GPS), satellite operations and communication, aviation, and the electrical power grid. Extreme space weather events — those that could significantly degrade critical infrastructure — could disable large portions of the electrical power grid, resulting in cascading failures that would affect key services such as water supply, healthcare, and transportation. Space weather has the potential to simultaneously affect and disrupt health and safety across entire continents. Successfully preparing for space weather events is an all-of-nation endeavor that requires partnerships across governments, emergency managers, academia, the media, the insurance industry, non-profits, and the private sector.

It is the policy of the United States to prepare for space weather events to minimize the extent of economic loss and human hardship. The Federal Government must have (1) the capability to predict and detect a space weather event, (2) the plans and programs necessary to alert the public and private sectors to enable mitigating actions for an impending space weather event, (3) the protection and mitigation plans, protocols, and standards required to reduce risks to critical infrastructure prior to and during a credible threat, and (4) the ability to respond to and recover from the effects of space weather. Executive departments and agencies (agencies) must coordinate their efforts to prepare for the effects of space weather events.

Sec. 2. Objectives. This order defines agency roles and responsibilities and directs agencies to take specific actions to prepare the Nation for the hazardous effects of space weather. These activities are to be implemented in conjunction with those identified in the 2015 National Space Weather Action Plan (Action Plan) and any subsequent updates. Implementing this order and the Action Plan will require the Federal Government to work across agencies and to develop, as appropriate, enhanced and innovative partnerships with State, tribal, and local governments; academia; non-profits; the private sector; and international partners. These efforts will enhance national preparedness and speed the creation of a space-weather-ready Nation.

Sec. 3. Coordination. (a) The Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP), in consultation with the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism and the Director of the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), shall coordinate the development and implementation of Federal Government activities to prepare the Nation for space weather events, including the activities established in section 5 of this order and the recommendations of the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC), established by Executive Order 12881 of November 23, 1993 (Establishment of the National Science and Technology Council).

(b) To ensure accountability for and coordination of research, development, and implementation of activities identified in this order and in the Action Plan, the NSTC shall establish a Space Weather Operations, Research, and Mitigation Subcommittee (Subcommittee). The Subcommittee member agencies shall conduct activities to advance the implementation of this order, to achieve the goals identified in the 2015 National Space Weather Strategy and any subsequent updates, and to coordinate and monitor the implementation of the activities specified in the Action Plan and provide subsequent updates.

Sec. 4. Roles and Responsibilities. To the extent permitted by law, the agencies below shall adopt the following roles and responsibilities, which are key to ensuring enhanced space weather forecasting, situational awareness, space weather preparedness, and continuous Federal Government operations during and after space weather events.

(a) The Secretary of Defense shall ensure the timely provision of operational space weather observations, analyses, forecasts, and other products to support the mission of the Department of Defense and coalition partners, including the provision of alerts and warnings for space weather phenomena that may affect weapons systems, military operations, or the defense of the United States.

(b) The Secretary of the Interior shall support the research, development, deployment, and operation of capabilities that enhance the understanding of variations of the Earth’s magnetic field associated with solar-terrestrial interactions.

(c) The Secretary of Commerce shall:

(i) provide timely and accurate operational space weather forecasts, watches, warnings, alerts, and real-time space weather monitoring for the government, civilian, and commercial sectors, exclusive of the responsibilities of the Secretary of Defense; and

(ii) ensure the continuous improvement of operational space weather services, utilizing partnerships, as appropriate, with the research community, including academia and the private sector, and relevant agencies to develop, validate, test, and transition space weather observation platforms and models from research to operations and from operations to research.

(d) The Secretary of Energy shall facilitate the protection and restoration of the reliability of the electrical power grid during a presidentially declared grid security emergency associated with a geomagnetic disturbance pursuant to 16 U.S.C. 824o-1.

(e) The Secretary of Homeland Security shall:

(i) ensure the timely redistribution of space weather alerts and warnings that support national preparedness, continuity of government, and continuity of operations; and

(ii) coordinate response and recovery from the effects of space weather events on critical infrastructure and the broader community.

(f) The Administrator of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) shall:

(i) implement and support a national research program to understand the Sun and its interactions with Earth and the solar system to advance space weather modeling and prediction capabilities applicable to space weather forecasting;

(ii) develop and operate space-weather-related research missions, instrument capabilities, and models; and

(iii) support the transition of space weather models and technology from research to operations and from operations to research.

(g) The Director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) shall support fundamental research linked to societal needs for space weather information through investments and partnerships, as appropriate.

(h) The Secretary of State, in consultation with the heads of relevant agencies, shall carry out diplomatic and public diplomacy efforts to strengthen global capacity to respond to space weather events.

(i) The Secretaries of Defense, the Interior, Commerce, Transportation, Energy, and Homeland Security, along with the Administrator of NASA and the Director of NSF, shall work together, consistent with their ongoing activities, to develop models, observation systems, technologies, and approaches that inform and enhance national preparedness for the effects of space weather events, including how space weather events may affect critical infrastructure and change the threat landscape with respect to other hazards.

(j) The heads of all agencies that support National Essential Functions, defined by Presidential Policy Directive 40 (PPD-40) of July 15, 2016 (National Continuity Policy), shall ensure that space weather events are adequately addressed in their all-hazards preparedness planning, including mitigation, response, and recovery, as directed by PPD-8 of March 30, 2011 (National Preparedness).

(k) NSTC member agencies shall coordinate through the NSTC to establish roles and responsibilities beyond those identified in section 4 of this order to enhance space weather preparedness, consistent with each agency’s legal authority.

Sec. 5. Implementation. (a) Within 120 days of the date of this order, the Secretary of Energy, in consultation with the Secretary of Homeland Security, shall develop a plan to test and evaluate available devices that mitigate the effects of geomagnetic disturbances on the electrical power grid through the development of a pilot program that deploys such devices, in situ, in the electrical power grid. After the development of the plan, the Secretary shall implement the plan in collaboration with industry. In taking action pursuant to this subsection, the Secretaries of Energy and Homeland Security shall consult with the Chairman of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

(b) Within 120 days of the date of this order, the heads of the sector-specific agencies that oversee the lifeline critical infrastructure functions as defined by the National Infrastructure Protection Plan of 2013 — including communications, energy, transportation, and water and wastewater systems — as well as the Nuclear Reactors, Materials, and Waste Sector, shall assess their executive and statutory authority, and limits of that authority, to direct, suspend, or control critical infrastructure operations, functions, and services before, during, and after a space weather event. The heads of each sector-specific agency shall provide a summary of these assessments to the Subcommittee.

(c) Within 90 days of receipt of the assessments ordered in section 5(b) of this order, the Subcommittee shall provide a report on the findings of these assessments with recommendations to the Director of OSTP, the Assistant to the President for Homeland Security and Counterterrorism, and the Director of OMB. The assessments may be used to inform the development and implementation of policy establishing authorities and responsibilities for agencies in response to a space weather event.

(d) Within 60 days of the date of this order, the Secretaries of Defense and Commerce, the Administrator of NASA, and the Director of NSF, in collaboration with other agencies as appropriate, shall identify mechanisms for advancing space weather observations, models, and predictions, and for sustaining and transitioning appropriate capabilities from research to operations and operations to research, collaborating with industry and academia to the extent possible.

(e) Within 120 days of the date of this order, the Secretaries of Defense and Commerce shall make historical data from the GPS constellation and other U.S. Government satellites publicly available, in accordance with Executive Order 13642 of May 9, 2013 (Making Open and Machine Readable the New Default for Government Information), to enhance model validation and improvements in space weather forecasting and situational awareness.

(f) Within 120 days of the date of this order, the Secretary of Homeland Security, through the Administrator of the Federal Emergency Management Agency and in coordination with relevant agencies, shall lead the development of a coordinated Federal operating concept and associated checklist to coordinate Federal assets and activities to respond to notification of, and protect against, impending space weather events. Within 180 days of the publication of the operating concept and checklist, agencies shall develop operational plans documenting their procedures and responsibilities to prepare for, protect against, and mitigate the effects of impending space weather events, in support of the Federal operating concept and compatible with the National Preparedness System described in PPD-8.

Sec. 6. Stakeholder Engagement. The agencies identified in this order shall seek public-private and international collaborations to enhance observation networks, conduct research, develop prediction models and mitigation approaches, enhance community resilience and preparedness, and supply the services necessary to protect life and property and promote economic prosperity, as consistent with law.

Sec. 7. Definitions. As used in this order:

(a) “Prepare” and “preparedness” have the same meaning they have in PPD-8. They refer to the actions taken to plan, organize, equip, train, and exercise to build and sustain the capabilities necessary to prevent, protect against, mitigate the effects of, respond to, and recover from those threats that pose the greatest risk to the security of the Nation. This includes the prediction and notification of space weather events.

(b) “Space weather” means variations in the space environment between the Sun and Earth (and throughout the solar system) that can affect technologies in space and on Earth. The primary types of space weather events are solar flares, solar energetic particles, and geomagnetic disturbances.

(c) “Solar flare” means a brief eruption of intense energy on or near the Sun’s surface that is typically associated with sunspots.

(d) “Solar energetic particles” means ions and electrons ejected from the Sun that are typically associated with solar eruptions.

(e) “Geomagnetic disturbance” means a temporary disturbance of Earth’s magnetic field resulting from solar activity.

(f) “Critical infrastructure” has the meaning provided in section 1016(e) of the USA Patriot Act of 2001 (42 U.S.C. 5195c(e)), namely systems and assets, whether physical or virtual, so vital to the United States that the incapacity or destruction of such systems and assets would have a debilitating impact on security, national economic security, national public health or safety, or any combination of those matters.

(g) “Sector-Specific Agency” means the agencies designated under PPD-21 of February 12, 2013 (Critical Infrastructure Security and Resilience), or any successor directive, to be responsible for providing institutional knowledge and specialized expertise as well as leading, facilitating, or supporting the security and resilience programs and associated activities of its designated critical infrastructure sector in the all-hazards environment. Sec. 8. General Provisions.

(a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect:

(i) the authority granted by law to an agency, or the head thereof; or (ii) the functions of the Director of OMB relating to budgetary, administrative, or legislative proposals.

(b) This order shall be implemented consistent with applicable law and subject to the availability of appropriations.

(c) This order is not intended to, and does not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at law or in equity by any party against the United States, its departments, agencies, or entities, its officers, employees, or agents, or any other person.

 

BARACK OBAMA

 

THE WHITE HOUSE,
October 13, 2016.

 

https://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2016/10/13/executive-order-coordinating-efforts-prepare-nation-space-weather-events

Ever Beyond Special with Alex Collier 2016


Update: I just learned this is an old recording, probably from 2013-2014, please accept my apology for any misunderstanding.

Published on May 5, 2016

Ep. 394 FADE to BLACK Jimmy Church w/ Linda Moulton Howe: Planet Nine LIVE


Linda Moulton Howe is back with a special report on the recent Caltech/Mike Brown discovery of Planet Nine

Also discussedis the Kelly Cahill UFO incident in Australia back in August of 1993.

A source accelerating Galactic cosmic rays to unprecedented energy discovered at the center of the Milky Way


Date:
March 17, 2016
Source:
CEA
Summary:
For more than ten years the H.E.S.S. observatory in Namibia, run by an international collaboration of 42 institutions in 12 countries, has been mapping the center of our galaxy in very-high-energy gamma rays. These gamma rays are produced by cosmic rays from the innermost region of the Galaxy. A detailed analysis of the latest H.E.S.S. data reveals for the first time a source of this cosmic radiation at energies never observed before in the Milky Way: the supermassive black hole at the center of the Galaxy, likely to accelerate cosmic rays to energies 100 times larger than those achieved at the largest terrestrial particle accelerator

The centre of our galaxy is home to many objects capable of producing cosmic rays of high energy, including, in particular, a supernova remnant, a pulsar wind nebula, and a compact cluster of massive stars.
Credit: Image courtesy of CEA

For more than ten years the H.E.S.S. observatory in Namibia, run by an international collaboration of 42 institutions in 12 countries, has been mapping the centre of our galaxy in very-high-energy gamma rays. These gamma rays are produced by cosmic rays from the innermost region of the Galaxy. A detailed analysis of the latest H.E.S.S. data, published on 16th March 2016 in Nature, reveals for the first time a source of this cosmic radiation at energies never observed before in the Milky Way: the supermassive black hole at the centre of the Galaxy, likely to accelerate cosmic rays to energies 100 times larger than those achieved at the largest terrestrial particle accelerator, the LHC at CERN.

The Earth is constantly bombarded by high energy particles (protons, electrons and atomic nuclei) of cosmic origin, particles that comprise the so-called “cosmic radiation.” These “cosmic rays” are electrically charged, and are hence strongly deflected by the interstellar magnetic fields that pervade our galaxy. Their path through the cosmos is randomised by these deflections, making it impossible to directly identify the astrophysical sources responsible for their production. Thus, for more than a century, the origin of the cosmic rays remains one of the most enduring mysteries of science.

Fortunately, cosmic rays interact with light and gas in the neighbourhood of their sources, producing gamma rays. These gamma rays travel in straight lines, undeflected by magnetic fields, and can therefore be traced back to their origin. When a very-high-energy gamma ray reaches the Earth, it interacts with a molecule in the upper atmosphere, producing a shower of secondary particles that emit a short pulse of “Cherenkov light.” By detecting these flashes of light using telescopes equipped with large mirrors, sensitive photo-detectors, and fast electronics, more than 100 sources of very-high-energy gamma rays have been identified over the past three decades. The H.E..S.S. (High Energy Stereoscopic System) observatory in Namibia represents the latest generation of such telescope arrays. It is operated by scientists from 42 institutions in 12 countries, with major contributions by MPIK Heidelberg, Germany, CEA and CNRS, France.

Today we know that cosmic rays with energies up to approximately 100 teraelectronvolts (TeV)1 are produced in our galaxy, by objects such as supernova remnants and pulsar wind nebulae. Theoretical arguments and direct measurements of cosmic rays reaching the Earth indicate, however, that the cosmic-ray factories in our galaxy should be able to provide particles up to one petaelectronvolt (PeV)2 at least. While many multi-TeV accelerators have been discovered in recent years, so far the search for the sources of the highest energy Galactic cosmic rays has, so far, been unsuccessful.

Detailed observations of the Galactic centre region, made by H.E.S.S. over the past ten years, and published today in the journal Nature, finally provide direct indications for such PeV cosmic-ray acceleration. During the first three years of observations, H.E.S.S. uncovered a very powerful point source of gamma rays in the galactic-centre region, as well as diffuse gamma-ray emission from the giant molecular clouds that surround it in a region approximately 500 light years across. These molecular clouds are bombarded by cosmic rays moving at close to the speed of light, which produce gamma rays through their interactions with the matter in the clouds. A remarkably good spatial coincidence between the observed gamma rays and the density of material in the clouds indicated the presence of one or more accelerators of cosmic rays in that region. However, the nature of the source remained a mystery.

Deeper observations obtained by H.E.S.S. between 2004 and 2013 shed new light on the processes powering the cosmic rays in this region. According to Aion Viana (MPIK, Heidelberg), “the unprecedented amount of data and progress made in analysis methodologies enables us to measure simultaneously the spatial distribution and the energy of the cosmic rays.” With these unique measurements, H.E.S.S. scientists are for the first time able to pinpoint the source of these particles: “Somewhere within the central 33 light years of the Milky Way there is an astrophysical source capable of accelerating protons to energies of about one petaelectronvolt, continuously for at least 1,000 years,” says Emmanuel Moulin (CEA, Saclay). In analogy to the “Tevatron,” the first human-built accelerator that reached energies of 1 TeV, this new class of cosmic accelerator has been dubbed a “Pevatron.” “With H.E.S.S. we are now able to trace the propagation of PeV protons in the central region of the Galaxy,” adds Stefano Gabici (CNRS, Paris).

The centre of our galaxy is home to many objects capable of producing cosmic rays of high energy, including, in particular, a supernova remnant, a pulsar wind nebula, and a compact cluster of massive stars. However, “the supermassive black hole located at the centre of the Galaxy, called Sgr A*, is the most plausible source of the PeV protons,” says Felix Aharonian (MPIK, Heidelberg and DIAS, Dublin), adding that, “several possible acceleration regions can be considered, either in the immediate vicinity of the black hole, or further away, where a fraction of the material falling into the black hole is ejected back into the environment, thereby initiating the acceleration of particles.”

The H.E.S.S. measurement of the gamma-ray emission can be used to infer the spectrum of the protons that have been accelerated by the central black hole — revealing that Sgr A* is very likely accelerating protons to PeV energies. Currently, these protons cannot account for the total flux of cosmic rays detected at the Earth. “If, however, our central black hole was more active in the past,” the scientists argue, “then it could indeed be responsible for the bulk of the Galactic cosmic rays that are observed today at the Earth.” If true, this would dramatically influence the century old debate concerning the origin of these enigmatic particles.


Story Source:

The above post is reprinted from materials provided by CEA. Note: Materials may be edited for content and length.


Journal Reference:

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Cite This Page:

CEA. “A source accelerating Galactic cosmic rays to unprecedented energy discovered at the center of the Milky Way.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 March 2016. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/03/160317095013.htm>.

Adventures into Reality, Jan-18-16 ~ Galactic Historian


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Open Your Mind (OYM) Radio – Alex Collier – January 10th 2016


Andromedan Contactee, Had Face-To-Face Contacts With Blue-Skinned Human ETs From The Andromeda Constellation And The Andromeda Galaxy, Multiple Visits Aboard Their Tremendous Motherships, Telepathic Contact, Pleiadian ETs Appealed For Assistance In Dealing With A Dangerous, Malevolent ET Confederation Plaguing Humanity And Much Of The Galaxy, It Appears That The Alpha Draconan Reptilian ETs Have Been Manipulating Humanity Into A Nearly Invisible System Of Servitude For Aeons, Feeding Off Our labour And Our Bodies Through The Wars That They Instigate And The Hostile Belief Systems Which They Foster In The Form Of Religious And Social Instituions, His Life Has Also Been Threatened 9 Times, Planet X, Belief System, Archons, Suicide, Reincarnation, Light At The End Of The Tunnel, Store Up Food, Weather To Get Worse In March/April.